Nanomedicines and Nanoproducts: Applications, Disposition, and Toxicology in the Human Body

 Toxicology  Comments Off on Nanomedicines and Nanoproducts: Applications, Disposition, and Toxicology in the Human Body
Mar 212019
 

Nanomedicines and Nanoproducts: Applications, Disposition, and Toxicology in the Human Body provides a detailed overview of the disposition of nanoproducts within the body, with a special focus on the respiratory and olfactory routes of nanoproduct administration, buccal exposure and the ingestion of nanoproducts, the integumentary system (formed by the skin, hair, nails, and associated glands), the ocular route, the systemic route, and toxicology as it relates to the nanoscale world.
Offering an interdisciplinary, big-picture view of the current and future state of nanotechnology, this book:
• Identifies key points for the entry of nanoproducts, nanomedicines, and other nanoscale structures into the body
• Reviews the bodily administration and subsequent disposition of nanoproducts via various exposure routes
• Describes the intravenous route of administration for the therapeutic management of ocular disease
• Discusses practical nanoproduct and nanomedicine applications, disposition, and toxicology
• Summarizes various toxicological principles and the testing of nanoproducts
Nanomedicines and Nanoproducts: Applications, Disposition, and Toxicology in the Human Body addresses the scope of practical nanoparticle applications in academic research as well as industrial investigation, where “practical” is defined as advantageous in all aspects of nanoproduct disposition, efficacy, and toxicology. The book’s goal is to introduce potentially beneficial applications and exciting topics regarding nanoproducts to a variety of professional and general readers.

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Handbook of Nanotoxicology, Nanomedicine and Stem Cell Use in Toxicology

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Mar 172019
 

The Handbook of Nanotoxicology, Nanomedicine and Stem Cell Use in Toxicology provides an insight into the current trends and future directions of research in these rapidly developing scientific fields. Written by leading scientists and experts, the Handbook will be of interest to various scientific disciplines including toxicology, medicine, and pharmacology, as well as food, drug, and other regulatory sciences.
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Molecular Toxicology in Caenorhabditis elegans

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Mar 082019
 

This book will focus on the molecular basis of oxidative stress induced by toxicants or stresses and various molecular signalling pathways in regulating the toxicity of toxicants or stresses in Caenorhabditis elegans. It will also cover the discussion on the aspects of response signals, G-protein coupled receptors and ion channels, specific molecular signals, and epigenetic signals involved in the regulation of toxicity from toxicants or stresses. The molecular basis for adaptive response for transgenerational toxicity of environmental toxicants or stresses will be further discussed. Nematode Caenorhabditis elegans is a classic model animal with well-described genetic and developmental backgrounds based on the study of life science, and has been further successfully and widely used in both toxicity assessment and toxicological study of various environmental toxicants or stresses. Based on related available data, this book aims at providing a systematic understanding of the knowledge system of molecular toxicology in C. elegans.
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Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology Volume 237

 Toxicology  Comments Off on Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology Volume 237
Mar 082019
 

Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology attempts to provide concise, critical reviews of timely advances, philosophy and significant areas of accomplished or needed endeavor in the total field of xenobiotics, in any segment of the environment, as well as toxicological implications.

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Cadmium Toxicity: New Aspects in Human Disease, Rice Contamination, and Cytotoxicity

 Toxicology  Comments Off on Cadmium Toxicity: New Aspects in Human Disease, Rice Contamination, and Cytotoxicity
Feb 282019
 

This volume focuses on cadmium (Cd) exposure, its effects on human health, the mechanism of Cd accumulation and the development of mitigation technologies. Further, it discusses clinical, epidemiological, agricultural, toxicological, and biochemical aspects of Cd pollution and presents recent biochemical studies on molecular mechanisms of Cd cytotoxicity and cellular transport as well as the mechanism of Cd-induced disturbances in phosphorus (P) metabolism. It also provides insights into the pathophysiology of itai-itai disease, a serious condition caused by Cd pollution. Cadmium -New Aspects in Human Disease, Rice Contamination, and Cytotoxicity- is a valuable resource for scientists involved in heavy metal toxicology, botanical sciences, and regulatory sciences. Addressing the features of Cd pollution in the past and in the present, as well as future perspectives, this is a must-have book for students, researchers and practitioners interested in global and local metal pollution.
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Predictive Toxicology: From Vision to Reality

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Feb 212019
 

Tailored to the needs of drug developers, this one–stop reference for medicinal chemists covers all the latest developments in the field of predictive toxicology and its applications in safety assessment. With a keen emphasis on novel approaches, the topics have been tackled by selected expert scientists, who are familiar with the theoretical scientific background as well as with the practical application of current methods. Emerging technologies in toxicity assessment are introduced and evaluated in terms of their predictive power, with separate sections on computer predictions and simulation methods, novel in vitro systems including those employing stem cells, toxicogenomics and novel biomarkers. In each case, the most promising methods are discussed and compared to classical in vitro and in vivo toxicology assays. Finally, an outlook section discusses such forward–looking topics as immunotoxicology assessment and novel regulatory requirements. With its wealth of methodological knowledge and its critical evaluation of modern approaches, this is a valuable guide for toxicologists working in pharmaceutical development, as well as in safety assessment and the regulation of drugs and chemicals.

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Fundamentals of Analytical Toxicology

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Feb 192019
 

The analytical toxicologist may be required to detect, identify, and in many cases measure a wide variety of compounds in samples from almost any part of the body or in related materials such as residues in syringes or in soil. This book gives principles and practical information on the analysis of drugs and poisons in biological specimens, particularly clinical and forensic specimens.
After providing some background information the book covers aspects of sample collection, transport, storage and disposal, and sample preparation. Analytical techniques – colour tests and spectrophotometry, chromatography and electro­phoresis, mass spectrometry, and immunoassay – are covered in depth, and a chapter is devoted to the analysis of trace elements and toxic metals. General aspects of method implementation/validation and laboratory operation are detailed, as is the role of the toxicology laboratory in validating and monitoring the performance of point of care testing (POCT) devices. The book concludes with reviews of xenobiotic absorption, distribution and metabolism, pharmacokinetics, and general aspects of the interpretation of analytical toxicology results.

  • A clearly written, practical, integrated approach to the basics of analytical toxicology.
  • Focuses on analytical, statistical and pharmacokinetic principles rather than detailed applications.
  • Assumes only a basic knowledge of analytical chemistry.
  • An accompanying website provides additional material and links to related sites.

Written by an experienced team of authors,Fundamentals of Analytical Toxicology is an invaluable resource for those starting out in a career in analytical toxicology across a wide range of disciplines including clinical and forensic science, food safety, and pharmaceutical development.
Praise from the reviews:

“This is an ambitious effort to describe in detail the many and varied aspects of the science of toxicological analysis. The 17 chapters cover every foreseeable aspect, from specimen collection through analytical techniques and quality control to pharmacological principles and interpretation of results. The authors bring together a great deal of experience in the field and have succeeded admirably in achieving their goal: “to give principles and practical information on the analysis of drugs, poisons and other relevant analytes in biological specimens…”. The book is very readable and quite up-to-date, and contains many illustrative figures, charts and tables. Both the student and the practicing professional would do well to study this material carefully, as there is something here for every conceivable level of interest.”   Review from Randall Baselt
“This text comes highly recommended for any analytical toxicology trainee.” The Bulletin of the Royal College of Pathologists
“Overall, this book provides a comprehensive, thorough, clear, up to date and practical treatment of analytical toxicology at a high standard.  Understanding of the text is enhanced by the use of many illustrations.  Specifications, guidelines, and methods are highlighted in grey background “Boxes”.  The many and up to date literature references in each chapter demonstrate the authors’ thorough work and permit easy access to deeper information.  Therefore this book can be highly recommended as a valuable source of knowledge in analytical toxicology both as an introduction and for the advanced reader.”  GTFCh Bulletin “Toxichem + Krimtech”, May 2008 (translated, original review in German)
“Many toxicologists will add this important reference to their libraries because it competently fills a need …”International Journal of Toxicology
“The book is very well illustrated, easy to understand and pleasant to read, and contains a wealth of dedicated information.” International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry

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Advances in Male Mediated Developmental Toxicity

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Feb 162019
 

This volume highlights major contributions that identify new developments and directions in the field over the past decade, as well as challenges for the foreseeable future. An integration of information from laboratory and epidemiological studies, male reproduction and teratology can be found throughout the volume. The range of topics include parental legacies and genomics, lifestyle, occupational and therapeutic paternal exposures and effects; effects on the gamete-packaging of human sperm; role of DNA repair and germ cell apoptosis; stem cells, epigenetics and closing; model systems and implications to clinicians and general counselors.
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Computational Toxicology: Volume I

 Toxicology  Comments Off on Computational Toxicology: Volume I
Feb 152019
 

Rapid advances in computer science, biology, chemistry, and other disciplines are enabling powerful new computational tools and models for toxicology and pharmacology. These computational tools hold tremendous promise for advancing science, from streamlining drug efficacy and safety testing, to increasing the efficiency and effectiveness of risk assessment for environmental chemicals. Computational Toxicology provides biomedical and quantitative scientists with essential background, context, examples, useful tips, and an overview of current developments in the field. Divided into four sections, Volume I covers a wide array of methodologies and topics. Opening with an introduction to the field of computational toxicology and its current and potential applications, the volume continues with ’best practices’ in mathematical and computational modeling, followed by chemoinformatics and the use of computational techniques and databases to predict chemical properties and toxicity, as well as an overview of molecular dynamics. The final section is a compilation of the key elements and main approaches used in pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic modeling, including the modeling of absorption, compartment and non-compartmental modeling, physiologically based pharmacokinetic modeling, interspecies extrapolation, and population effects. Written in the successful Methods in Molecular Biology™ series format where possible, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the materials and software tools used, methods, and notes on troubleshooting.Authoritative and easily accessible, Computational Toxicology will allow motivated readers to participate in this exciting field and undertake a diversity of realistic problems of interest.
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Computational Toxicology: Volume II

 Toxicology  Comments Off on Computational Toxicology: Volume II
Feb 142019
 

Rapid advances in computer science, biology, chemistry, and other disciplines are enabling powerful new computational tools and models for toxicology and pharmacology. These computational tools hold tremendous promise for advancing applied and basic science, from streamlining drug efficacy and safety testing, to increasing the efficiency and effectiveness of risk assessment for environmental chemicals. Computational Toxicology was conceived to provide both experienced and new biomedical and quantitative scientists with essential background, context, examples, useful tips, and an overview of current developments in the field. This two-volume set serves as a resource to help introduce and guide readers in the development and practice of these tools to solve problems and perform analyses in this area.Divided into six sections, Volume II covers a wide array of methodologies and topics. The volume begins by exploring the critical area of predicting toxicological and pharmacological endpoints, as well as approaches used in the analysis of gene, signaling, regulatory, and metabolic networks. The next section focuses on diagnostic and prognostic molecular indicators (biomarkers), followed by the application of modeling in the context of government regulatory agencies. Systems toxicology approaches are also introduced. The volume closes with primers and background on some of the key mathematical and statistical methods covered earlier, as well as a list of other resources. Written in a format consistent with the successful Methods in Molecular Biology™ series where possible, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and software tools used, methods, and notes on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls.Authoritative and easily accessible, Computational Toxicology will allow motivated readers to participate in this exciting field and undertake a diversity of realistic problems of interest.
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