Epidemiology of Pediatric Sports Injuries: Individual Sports (MEDICINE AND SPORT SCIENCE SERIES)

 Epidemiology, Pediatrics, Sports Medicine  Comments Off on Epidemiology of Pediatric Sports Injuries: Individual Sports (MEDICINE AND SPORT SCIENCE SERIES)
Dec 102019
 

Epidemiology of Pediatric Sport Injuries reviews integratively the existing data on distribution and determinants of injury rates in a variety of sports, and suggests injury prevention measures and guidelines for further research. This volume focuses on individual sports, as the next volume will discuss team sports. Together the two volumes provide the first comprehensive compilation and critical analysis of epidemiological data over a wide range of childrens and youth sports. In this volume, the reader will find information on individual sports such as Equestrian, Gymnastics, Martial Arts, Skiing and Snowboarding, Tennis, Wrestling as well as Track and Field injuries. All the sports-specific chapters are laid out with the same basic headings, so that it is easy to find common information across chapters. The section headings include: incidence of injury; injury characteristics; injury severity; injury risk factors and suggestions for injury prevention and further research. Spor

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The Metabolic Syndrome:: Epidemiology, Clinical Treatment, and Underlying Mechanisms

 Endocrinology/Metabolism/Diabetes Mellitus, Epidemiology  Comments Off on The Metabolic Syndrome:: Epidemiology, Clinical Treatment, and Underlying Mechanisms
Dec 102019
 

This book covers the most important clinical and bench science aspects of metabolic syndrome. It will be of value to all of those seeking a comprehensive update on the metabolic syndrome. Furthermore, it will provide a broad basis for advancing research in the multiple intersecting disciplines encompassed by the metabolic syndrome.
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Clinical Epidemiology: Practice and Methods (Methods in Molecular Biology)

 Epidemiology  Comments Off on Clinical Epidemiology: Practice and Methods (Methods in Molecular Biology)
Dec 072019
 

Focusing on improving the diagnosis, prognosis, and management of human disease, this book takes on the issues of research design, measurement, and evaluation which are critical to clinical epidemiology. This second edition of Clinical Epidemiology: Practice and Methods opens with how best to frame a clinical research question, the ethics associated with doing a research project in humans, and the definition of various biases that occur in clinical research. From there, it continues by examining issues of design, measurement, and analysis associated with various research designs, including determination of risk in longitudinal studies, assessment of therapy in randomized controlled clinical trials, and evaluation of diagnostic tests, and then delves into the more specialized area of clinical genetic research, before concluding with basic methods used in evidence-based decision making including critical appraisal, aggregation of multiple studies using meta-analysis, health technology assessment, clinical practice guidelines, development of health policy, translational research, how to utilize administrative databases, and knowledge translation. Written for the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series, chapters include the kind of detail and practical advice to ensure real world success.
Comprehensive and authoritative, Clinical Epidemiology: Practice and Methods, Second Edition is intended to educate researchers on how to undertake clinical research and should be helpful not only to medical practitioners but also to basic scientists who want to extend their work to humans, to allied health professionals interested in scientific evaluation, and to trainees in clinical epidemiology.

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Human Genome Epidemiology, 2nd Edition

 Epidemiology  Comments Off on Human Genome Epidemiology, 2nd Edition
Dec 032019
 

The first edition of Human Genome Epidemiology, published in 2004, discussed how the epidemiologic approach provides an important scientific foundation for studying the continuum from gene discovery to the development, applications and evaluation of human genome information in improving health and preventing disease. Since that time, advances in human genomics have continued to occur at a breathtaking pace. With contributions from leaders in the field from around the world, this new edition is a fully updated look at the ways in which genetic factors in common diseases are studied. Methodologic developments in collection, analysis and synthesis of data, as well as issues surrounding specific applications of human genomic information for medicine and public health are all discussed. In addition, the book focuses on practical applications of human genome variation in clinical practice and disease prevention. Students, clinicians, public health professionals and policy makers will find the book a useful tool for understanding the rapidly evolving methods of the discovery and use of genetic information in medicine and public health in the 21st century.
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Immunoepidemiology

 Epidemiology, Immunology  Comments Off on Immunoepidemiology
Nov 252019
 

This textbook focuses on the nascent field of Immunoepidemiology that addresses how differences in immune responses among individuals affect the epidemiology of infectious diseases, cancer, hypersensitivity, and autoimmunity. The idea for the book originated from a course entitled “Immunology for Epidemiologists“ at the Yale School of Public Health. While many fine textbooks are available that address the immunological responses of individuals to pathogens, these provided very little information regarding how immunological variation among populations affects the epidemiology of disease. And yet, it has long been recognized that there is great immunologic diversity among people, which can have a profound effect on the epidemiology of disease. Careful review of the immunologic and epidemiologic literature revealed that there have been relatively few publications concerning immunoepidemiology and that no textbook is available on the subject. This textbook therefore aims to fill this void by providing a much-needed tool to comprehensively and efficiently teach immunoepidemiology. The book includes a section on the basic principles of immunology, and then applies them to particular examples of disease in human populations. The target audience for this text book are Masters of Public Health students. Others who should also find it of interest include PhD students in epidemiology, immunology, medical students, generalists, and specialists in immunology, infectious diseases, cancer, and rheumatology.

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Practical Healthcare Epidemiology: Third Edition

 Epidemiology  Comments Off on Practical Healthcare Epidemiology: Third Edition
Nov 222019
 

In recent years, issues of infection prevention and control, patient safety, and quality-of-care have become increasingly prominent in healthcare facilities. Practical Healthcare Epidemiology takes a practical, hands-on approach to these issues, addressing all aspects of infection surveillance and prevention in clear, straightforward terms. This fully revised third edition brings together the expertise of more than fifty leaders in healthcare epidemiology who provide clear, sound guidance on infection prevention and control for the full range of patients in all types of healthcare facilities, including those in settings with limited resources. A powerful resource for practitioners in any branch of medicine or public health who are involved in infection prevention and control, whether they are experienced in healthcare epidemiology or new to the field. “A handy desk reference and an up-to-date primer for trainees and experts alike” —The Journal of the American Medical Association “An essential for anyone in the field.”—Thomas R. Talbot, Chief Hospital Epidemiologist, Vanderbilt University Medical Center
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Mathematical Modeling of Biological Systems, Volume II: Epidemiology, Evolution and Ecology, Immunology, Neural Systems

 Epidemiology, Immunology  Comments Off on Mathematical Modeling of Biological Systems, Volume II: Epidemiology, Evolution and Ecology, Immunology, Neural Systems
Nov 182019
 

Volume II of this two-volume, interdisciplinary work is a unified presentation of a broad range of state-of-the-art topics in the rapidly growing field of mathematical modeling in the biological sciences. Highlighted throughout are mathematical and computational apporaches to examine central problems in the life sciences, ranging from the organization principles of individual cells to the dynamics of large populations. The chapters are thematically organized into the following main areas: epidemiology, evolution and ecology, immunology, neural systems and the brain, and innovative mathematical methods and education.
The work will be an excellent reference text for a broad audience of researchers, practitioners, and advanced students in this rapidly growing field at the intersection of applied mathematics, experimental biology and medicine, computational biology, biochemistry, computer science, and physics.

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Structured Population Models in Biology and Epidemiology

 Epidemiology  Comments Off on Structured Population Models in Biology and Epidemiology
Nov 142019
 

In this new century mankind faces ever more challenging environmental and publichealthproblems,suchaspollution,invasionbyexoticspecies,theem- gence of new diseases or the emergence of diseases into new regions (West Nile virus,SARS,Anthrax,etc.),andtheresurgenceofexistingdiseases(in?uenza, malaria, TB, HIV/AIDS, etc.). Mathematical models have been successfully used to study many biological, epidemiological and medical problems, and nonlinear and complex dynamics have been observed in all of those contexts. Mathematical studies have helped us not only to better understand these problems but also to ?nd solutions in some cases, such as the prediction and control of SARS outbreaks, understanding HIV infection, and the investi- tion of antibiotic-resistant infections in hospitals. Structuredpopulationmodelsdistinguishindividualsfromoneanother- cording to characteristics such as age, size, location, status, and movement, to determine the birth, growth and death rates, interaction with each other and with environment, infectivity, etc. The goal of structured population models is to understand how these characteristics a?ect the dynamics of these models and thus the outcomes and consequences of the biological and epidemiolo- cal processes. There is a very large and growing body of literature on these topics. This book deals with the recent and important advances in the study of structured population models in biology and epidemiology. There are six chapters in this book, written by leading researchers in these areas.

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Epidemiology of Obesity in Children and Adolescents: Prevalence and Etiology

 Epidemiology  Comments Off on Epidemiology of Obesity in Children and Adolescents: Prevalence and Etiology
Oct 272019
 

Despite adults’ best preventive efforts, childhood obesity is on the rise in most areas of the world, and with it the prevalence of Type 2 diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and other formerly adult-onset conditions. Epidemiology of Obesity in Children and Adolescents takes the global ecological approach that is needed to understand the scope of the problem and its multiple causes and mechanisms, and to aid in developing more effective prevention and intervention programs. In the book’s first half, experts present a descriptive summary of youth obesity trends in ten world regions, broken down by age group, gender, socioeconomic status, and risk factors. Complementing these findings, part two reviews the evidence base regarding the variables, separately and in combination, having the most significant impact on young people’s development of obesity, including:
• Genetic and nutrigenomic factors.
• Environmental and psychosocial factors, such as family shopping and eating habits and access to healthful foods.
• Neuroendocrine regulation.
• Prenatal and neonatal factors (e.g., gestational diabetes of the mother).
• Dietary factors, from nutrient content to young people’s food preferences.
• Physical activity versus sedentary behavior.
Epidemiology of Obesity in Children and Adolescents is necessary reading for the range of professionals involved in curtailing this epidemic, including public health specialists, epidemiologists, pediatricians, nurses, nutritionists, psychologists, health educators, and policymakers.

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Viral Infections of Humans: Epidemiology and Control Edition 5

 Epidemiology, Infectious Diseases  Comments Off on Viral Infections of Humans: Epidemiology and Control Edition 5
Oct 252019
 

Striking changes have occurred in the world since the publication of the last edition of Viral Infections of Humans. The global population is rapidly approaching 8 billion; climate change is leading to the introduction of new hosts, vectors and virus diseases heretofore never seen in many parts of the world; technological advances have revolutionized the ability to recognize and characterize viruses new and old; vaccines are altering the epidemiological landscape of the diseases they target, in some cases raising the hope of their eradication and remarkably powerful computational tools are enabling not only detection of outbreaks of disease much sooner than in the past but also, through complex mathematical modeling, more accurate prediction of their potential impact.
The new Fifth Edition of Viral Infections of Humans captures the both the excitement and frustration of the dynamic struggle between humankind and the viruses that continue to cause immense suffering. It presents the latest concepts, methods and technologies in epidemiology, detection, investigation, modeling and intervention. Updated and entirely new chapters by dozens of experts across the field provide analytic summaries of current knowledge of viruses and prions causing acute syndromes, chronic illnesses and/or malignancies. In sum, this ambitiously expanded volume offers a uniquely comprehensive perspective on viruses in humans, from agents of classic diseases (e.g., hepatitis, measles, polio, rabies and yellow fever), to those with greatest pandemic impact (e.g., influenza and human immunodeficiency virus), to those discovered relatively recently (e.g., henipavirus, metapneumovirus and norovirus).
The new Fifth Edition of Viral Infections of Humans is an invaluable reference for students, fellows and established professionals in the fields of microbiology, public health and infectious disease epidemiology, medicine and health policy.
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