The Statistical Analysis of Functional MRI Data

 Statistics  Comments Off on The Statistical Analysis of Functional MRI Data
Jun 052018
 

The study of brain function is one of the most fascinating pursuits of m- ern science. Functional neuroimaging is an important component of much of the current research in cognitive, clinical, and social psychology. The exci- ment of studying the brain is recognized in both the popular press and the scienti?c community. In the pages of mainstream publications, including The New York Times and Wired, readers can learn about cutting-edge research into topics such as understanding how customers react to products and – vertisements (“If your brain has a ‘buy button,’ what pushes it?”, The New York Times,October19,2004),howviewersrespondtocampaignads(“Using M. R. I. ’s to see politics on the brain,” The New York Times, April 20, 2004; “This is your brain on Hillary: Political neuroscience hits new low,” Wired, November 12,2007),howmen and womenreactto sexualstimulation (“Brain scans arouse researchers,”Wired, April 19, 2004), distinguishing lies from the truth (“Duped,” The New Yorker, July 2, 2007; “Woman convicted of child abuse hopes fMRI can prove her innocence,” Wired, November 5, 2007), and even what separates “cool” people from “nerds” (“If you secretly like Michael Bolton, we’ll know,” Wired, October 2004). Reports on pathologies such as autism, in which neuroimaging plays a large role, are also common (for – stance, a Time magazine cover story from May 6, 2002, entitled “Inside the world of autism”).

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Statistical Methods in Epidemiologic Research

 Miscellaneous, Statistics  Comments Off on Statistical Methods in Epidemiologic Research
May 192018
 

With the many advances in the control of infectious disease over the last 100 years, the role of epidemiology in public health has transformed significantly. Epidemiologic research now includes the study of acute and chronic diseases, as well as the events, behaviors, and conditions associated with health.

From seasoned author Ray Merrill, this text explores how epidemiologic methods are conducted and interpreted. In four sections, Statistical Methods in Epidemiologic Research covers basic concepts in epidemiology and statistics, study designs, statistical techniques and applications, as well as special topics.

Key Features:

• Includes sections on how specific epidemiologic methods have resulted in findings that have influenced health policy and public health
• Offers optional sections involving more advanced methods
• At the end of each chapter, an applications section gives the student a clear picture of how epidemiologic methods are applied in real-world situations
• Special emphasis is given to interpreting results
• SAS code is presented in an appendix that corresponds to assessing selected methods.

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Biostatistics by Example Using SAS Studio

 Statistics  Comments Off on Biostatistics by Example Using SAS Studio
May 102018
 

Learn how to solve basic statistical problems with Ron Cody’s easy-to-follow style using the point-and-click SAS Studio tasks.

Aimed specifically at the health sciences, Biostatistics by Example Using SAS Studio, provides an introduction to SAS Studio tasks. The book includes many biological and health-related problem sets and is fully compatible with SAS University Edition.

After reading this book you will be able to understand temporary and permanent SAS data sets, and you will learn how to create them from various data sources. You will also be able to use SAS Studio statistics tasks to generate descriptive statistics for continuous and categorical data.

The inferential statistics portion of the book covers the following topics:

– paired and unpaired t tests
– one-way analysis of variance
– N-way ANOVA
– correlation
– simple and multiple regression
– logistic regression
– categorical data analysis
– power and sample size calculations

Besides describing each of these statistical tests, the book also discusses the assumptions that need to be met before running and interpreting these tests. For two-sample tests and N-way tests, nonparametric tests are also described.

This book leads you step-by-step through each of the statistical tests with numerous screen shots, and you will see how to read and interpret all of the output generated by these tests.

Experience with some basic statistical tests used to analyze medical data or classroom experience in biostatistics or statistics is required. Although the examples are related to the medical and biology fields, researchers in other fields such as psychology or education will find this book helpful. No programming experience is required.

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A Practical Approach to Using Statistics in Health Research: From Planning to Reporting

 Statistics  Comments Off on A Practical Approach to Using Statistics in Health Research: From Planning to Reporting
May 022018
 

A hands–on guide to using statistics in health research, from planning, through analysis, and on to reporting

A Practical Approach to Using Statistics in Health Research offers an easy to use, step–by–step guide for using statistics in health research. The authors use their experience of statistics and health research to explain how statistics fit in to all stages of the research process. They explain how to determine necessary sample sizes, interpret whether there are statistically significant difference in outcomes between groups, and use measured effect sizes to decide whether any changes are large enough to be relevant to professional practice.

The text walks you through how to identify the main outcome measure for your study and the factor which you think may influence that outcome and then determine what type of data will be used to record both of these. It then describes how this information is used to select the most appropriate methods to report and analyze your data. A step–by–step guide on how to use a range of common statistical procedures are then presented in separate chapters. To help you make sure that you are using statistics robustly, the authors also explore topics such as multiple testing and how to check whether measured data follows a normal distribution. Videos showing how to use computer packages to carry out all the various methods mentioned in the book are available on our companion web site. This book:

Covers statistical aspects of all the stages of health research from planning to final reporting

Explains how to report statistical planning, how analyses were performed, and the results and conclusion

Puts the spotlight on consideration of clinical significance and not just statistical significance

Explains the importance of reporting 95% confidence intervals for effect size

Includes a systematic guide for selection of statistical tests and uses example data sets and videos to help you understand exactly how to use statistics

Written as an introductory guide to statistics for healthcare professionals, students and lecturers in the fields of pharmacy, nursing, medicine, dentistry, physiotherapy, and occupational therapy, A Practical Approach to Using Statistics in Health Research:From Planning to Reporting is a handy reference that focuses on the application of statistical methods within the health research context.

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Principles of Biostatistics, Second Edition

 Statistics  Comments Off on Principles of Biostatistics, Second Edition
Apr 142018
 

This edition is a reprint of the second edition published in 2000 by Brooks/Cole and then Cengage Learning.

Principles of Biostatistics is aimed at students in the biological and health sciences who wish to learn modern research methods. It is based on a required course offered at the Harvard School of Public Health. In addition to these graduate students, many health professionals from the Harvard medical area attend as well.

The book is divided into three parts. The first five chapters deal with collections of numbers and ways in which to summarize, explore, and explain them. The next two chapters focus on probability and introduce the tools needed for the subsequent investigation of uncertainty. It is only in the eighth chapter and thereafter that the authors distinguish between populations and samples and begin to investigate the inherent variability introduced by sampling, thus progressing to inference. Postponing the slightly more difficult concepts until a solid foundation has been established makes it easier for the reader to comprehend them.

The supplements include a manual for students with solutions for odd-numbered exercises, a manual for instructors with solutions to all exercises, and selected data sets.

Marcello Pagano is Professor of Statistical Computing in the Department of Biostatistics at the Harvard School of Public Health. His research in biostatistics is on computer intensive inference and surveillance methods that involve screening methodologies, with their associated laboratory tests, and in obtaining more accurate testing results that use existing technologies.

Kimberlee Gauvreau is Associate Professor in the Department of Biostatistics and Associate Professor of Pediatrics at Harvard Medical School. Dr. Gauvreau’s research focuses on biostatistical issues arising in the field of pediatric cardiology. She also works on the development and validation of methods of adjustment for case mix complexity.

 

 

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Dental Statistics Made Easy, Third Edition

 Dentistry, Statistics  Comments Off on Dental Statistics Made Easy, Third Edition
Apr 122018
 

This essential textbook presents the basics of dental statistics in an accessible way, combining explanation in non-technical language with key messages, practical examples, suggestions for further reading and exercises complete with detailed solutions. There is an emphasis on the principles and application of statistics without the use of algebra.

The statistical material is strongly rooted in practical examples drawn from a wide range of journal articles representing both dental health care delivery and clinical dentistry. The perspective is international, with papers drawn from a variety of settings around the world. Many articles are recent and report contemporary developments in dental care.

The intended audience includes dental students and practitioners, those engaged in dental research and other health care professionals. For students and tutors, it covers the undergraduate curriculum, and the exercises and solutions make it ideal for course use. For practitioners and researchers it provides the first principles of study design, accessing the dental literature, and the preparation and publication of original dental research.

 

 

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Statistics in the Health Sciences: Theory, Applications, and Computing

 Statistics  Comments Off on Statistics in the Health Sciences: Theory, Applications, and Computing
Apr 092018
 

“This very informative book introduces classical and novel statistical methods that can be used by theoretical and applied biostatisticians to develop efficient solutions for real-world problems encountered in clinical trials and epidemiological studies. The authors provide a detailed discussion of methodological and applied issues in parametric, semi-parametric and nonparametric approaches, including computationally extensive data-driven techniques, such as empirical likelihood, sequential procedures, and bootstrap methods. Many of these techniques are implemented using popular software such as R and SAS.”― Vlad Dragalin, Professor, Johnson and Johnson, Spring House, PA

“It is always a pleasure to come across a new book that covers nearly all facets of a branch of science one thought was so broad, so diverse, and so dynamic that no single book could possibly hope to capture all of the fundamentals as well as directions of the field. The topics within the book’s purview―fundamentals of measure-theoretic probability; parametric and non-parametric statistical inference; central limit theorems; basics of martingale theory; Monte Carlo methods; sequential analysis; sequential change-point detection―are all covered with inspiring clarity and precision. The authors are also very thorough and avail themselves of the most recent scholarship. They provide a detailed account of the state of the art, and bring together results that were previously scattered across disparate disciplines. This makes the book more than just a textbook: it is a panoramic companion to the field of Biostatistics. The book is self-contained, and the concise but careful exposition of material makes it accessible to a wide audience. This is appealing to graduate students interested in getting into the field, and also to professors looking to design a course on the subject.” ― Aleksey S. Polunchenko, Department of Mathematical Sciences, State University of New York at Binghamton

This book should be appropriate for use both as a text and as a reference. This book delivers a “ready-to-go” well-structured product to be employed in developing advanced courses. In this book the readers can find classical and new theoretical methods, open problems and new procedures.

The book presents biostatistical results that are novel to the current set of books on the market and results that are even new with respect to the modern scientific literature. Several of these results can be found only in this book.

 

 

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A Clinician’s Guide to Statistics and Epidemiology in Mental Health: Measuring Truth and Uncertainty

 Epidemiology, Statistics  Comments Off on A Clinician’s Guide to Statistics and Epidemiology in Mental Health: Measuring Truth and Uncertainty
Apr 022018
 

Accessible and clinically relevant, A Clinician’s Guide to Statistics and Epidemiology in Mental Health describes statistical concepts in plain English with minimal mathematical content, making it perfect for the busy health professional. Using clear language in favour of complex terminology, limitations of statistical techniques are emphasized, as well as the importance of interpretation – as opposed to ‘number-crunching’ – in analysis. Uniquely for a text of this kind, there is extensive coverage of causation and the conceptual, philosophical and political factors involved, with forthright discussion of the pharmaceutical industry’s role in psychiatric research. By creating a greater understanding of the world of research, this book empowers health professionals to make their own judgments on which statistics to believe – and why.

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Statistical Methodologies with Medical Applications

 Statistics  Comments Off on Statistical Methodologies with Medical Applications
Mar 222018
 

This book presents the methodology and applications of a range of important topics in statistics, and is designed for graduate students in Statistics and Biostatistics and for medical researchers. Illustrations and more than ninety exercises with solutions are presented.

They are constructed from the research findings of the medical journals, summary reports of the Centre for Disease Control (CDC) and the World Health Organization (WHO), and practical situations. The illustrations and exercises are related to topics such as immunization, obesity, hypertension, lipid levels, diet and exercise, harmful effects of smoking and air pollution, and the benefits of gluten free diet.

This book can be recommended for a one or two semester graduate level course for students studying Statistics, Biostatistics, Epidemiology and Health Sciences. It will also be useful as a companion for medical researchers and research oriented physicians.

 

 

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Statistics for Health Care Professionals

 Statistics  Comments Off on Statistics for Health Care Professionals
Feb 282018
 

Statistics for Health Care Professionals is an accessible guide to understanding statistics within health care practice. Focusing on quantitative approaches to investigating problems, the book introduces the basic rules and principles of statistics.

 

 

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