Epidemic of Medical Errors and Hospital-Acquired Infections: Systemic and Social Causes

 Epidemiology, Infectious Diseases  Comments Off on Epidemic of Medical Errors and Hospital-Acquired Infections: Systemic and Social Causes
Dec 132018
 


Medical error as defined in Epidemic of Medical Errors and Hospital-Acquired Infections: Systemic and Social Causes encompasses many categories including, but not limited to, medical error, hospital-acquired infections, medication errors, deaths from misdiagnosis, deaths from infectious diarrhea in nursing homes, surgical and post-operative complications, lethal blood clots in veins, and excessive radiation from CT scans.

When the deaths from these categories are counted they become the leading cause of fatality to Americans, outpacing cancer and heart disease. Add the numbers of fatalities (mortality) to the millions each year who are injured (morbidity) and whose quality of life is forever effected, and an epidemic of harm is defined.

The book describes the many systemic and social causes of medical error and iatrogenic events, all of which are cited in the peer-review science, that have a direct effect on the epidemic of patient injury, but are rarely or never considered. These systemic causes include factory medicine (for-profit medicine), staffing ratios in clinical and non-clinical departments, shift work, healthcare working conditions, lack of accountability, legal issues that conflict with patient safety issues, bullying and hierarchical relationships, training of healthcare workers that never rises to the level of risk, and injury to healthcare workers. The premise of the book is that if the systemic or social causes are not considered or changed, then medical error will continue to be an epidemic and no substantial impact in the numbers will be realized.

An expert with 30 years of experience as a health and safety officer in healthcare and as an activist for community health and safety issues, editor and author William Charney explores the issues surrounding medical errors and examines the science behind possible solutions. He presents an efficient dialogue that produces a more systemic exploration and targeting of the causes of medical error and drives an exacting message: we are dealing with an epidemic of harm, and unless systemic issues are solved, little will change to subdue the epidemic.

Information on the June 2012 Conference on the Epidemic of Medical Errors & Hospital Acquired Infections in the US and Canada: the Systemic Causes can be found on the CRC Press Issuu page.

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Managerial Epidemiology

 Epidemiology  Comments Off on Managerial Epidemiology
Nov 282018
 

Managerial Epidemiology provides a solid balance of baseline materials on epidemiologic methods with a focus on tools and skills required to succeed as a healthcare manager. Logically organized, this first edition centers in on the purpose and focus ‘managerial epidemiology’, thus broadening the definition and scope of Epidemiology from the distribution, spread, and containment of health problems in populations to the planning, organization, and management of health services. Written specifically for current and future healthcare managers and masters students in Health Administration, this text is designed to develop hands-on, data-driven, analytic management skills. Managerial Epidemiology helps readers understand that epidemiologic data on incidence and prevalence in conjunction with administrative data on cost and quality are necessary to enhance access and delivery of high quality services in a cost-effective and efficient manner. Written with clarity and currency in mind, Manag
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Epidemiological Studies of Specified Rare and Intractable Disease

 Epidemiology  Comments Off on Epidemiological Studies of Specified Rare and Intractable Disease
Nov 252018
 

This book presents research findings from epidemiological studies investigating chronic and intractable diseases with unidentifiable causes from a clinical perspective. Each chapter provides the latest findings on specific diseases, including procedures for their study, insights into their causes, risk factors and preventive factors providing a foundation for new ideas and further development as well as establishing treatment procedures. Epidemiological Studies of Specified Rare and Intractable Disease(Nanbyo in Japanese) is a valuable resource for both new and established researchers as well as students who are seeking information on public health and on environmental and clinical epidemiology.
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Osteoporosis: A Lifecourse Epidemiology Approach to Skeletal Health

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Nov 112018
 

This is the first book to document comprehensively the ‘state of the art’ in the lifecourse epidemiology of osteoporosis. In detailed chapters, expert contributors describe the current and projected future burden of disease, developments in the understanding of risk factors for osteoporosis from cradle to grave, the underlying mechanisms, and advances in approaches to risk assessment and treatment. It is essential reading for all students on postgraduate courses in bone health, as well as an important reference for practitioners and researchers in osteoporosis, epidemiology, and related fields

About the Author
Nicholas C Harvey MA MB BChir PhD FRCP is Professor of Rheumatology and Clinical Epidemiology at the MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton, and leads a world class programme of research focused on the lifecourse epidemiology of bone and joint disease. His work is investigating the translation of epidemiological observations linking early life influences with later bone health into potential novel public health strategies (e.g. gestational vitamin D supplementation) aimed at optimising childhood bone mineral accrual and reducing risk of later fracture; elucidation of underlying mechanisms; and investigation of novel risk factors for poor bone health in older age. He has won several awards at national and international meetings, is an investigator on >£50m grant funding and has published over 150 peer-reviewed papers. He is Vice-Chair of the International Osteoporosis Foundation Committee of Scientific Advisors, Musculoskeletal Lead for the UK Biobank Imaging Enhancement, and a member of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research Professional Practice Committee, National Osteoporosis Society (UK) Scientific Programme Committee, UK Bone Research Society Committee, Arthritis Research UK PRC and UK NIHR Regional RfPB Panel.

Cyrus Cooper OBE DL FMedSci is Professor of Rheumatology and Director of the MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit, Vice-Dean of the Faculty of Medicine at the University of Southampton and Professor of Musculoskeletal Science at the Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal Sciences, University of Oxford.

He leads an internationally competitive programme of research into the epidemiology of musculoskeletal disorders, most notably osteoporosis. His key research contributions have been discovery of the developmental influences which contribute to the risk of osteoporosis and hip fracture in late adulthood, demonstration that maternal vitamin D insufficiency is associated with suboptimal bone mineral accrual in childhood, characterisation of the definition and incidence rates of vertebral fractures and leadership of large pragmatic randomised controlled trials of calcium and vitamin D supplementation in the elderly as immediate preventative strategies against hip fracture.

He is President of the International Osteoporosis Foundation, Chair of the BHF Project Grants Committee, an emeritus NIHR Senior Investigator and Associate Editor of Osteoporosis International. He has previously served as Chairman of the Scientific Advisors Committee, International Osteoporosis Foundation; Chairman, MRC Population Health Sciences Research Network; Chairman of the National Osteoporosis Society of Great Britain; and past-President of the Bone Research Society of Great Britain. He has worked on numerous Department of Health, European Community and World Health Organisation committees and working groups and has published extensively (over 900 research papers; h-index=119) on osteoporosis and rheumatic disorders and has pioneered clinical studies on the developmental origins of peak bone mass. In 2015, he was awarded an OBE for services to medical research.

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Epidemiology and Biostatistics: An Introduction to Clinical Research, Second Edition

 Epidemiology  Comments Off on Epidemiology and Biostatistics: An Introduction to Clinical Research, Second Edition
Nov 092018
 

This is a concise introduction to epidemiology and biostatistics written specifically for medical students and first-time learners of clinical research methods. It presents the core concepts of epidemiology and of biostatistics and illustrates them with extensive examples from the clinical literature. It is the only book on the market written to speak directly to medical students and first-time biomedical researchers by using language and examples that are easy to understand.
This newly updated second edition is extensively rewritten to provide the clearest explanations and examples. There is also a sister-text, a 150-problem workbook of practice problems that can be purchased alongside this textbook. The author continues to provide a text that is attractively fast-paced and concise for use in condensed courses, such as those taught in medical school.

The book is an excellent review for the epidemiology section of the United States Medical Licensing Examination Part I which all medical students must take at the end of the second year.

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Dictionary of Epidemiology

 Epidemiology  Comments Off on Dictionary of Epidemiology
Oct 222018
 

The new, completely revised, and updated edition of this classic text –sponsored by the International Epidemiological Association (IEA) and previously edited by John Last– remains the definitive dictionary in epidemiology worldwide. In fact, with contributions from over 220 epidemiologists and other users of epidemiology from around the globe, it is more than a dictionary: it includes explanations and comments on both core epidemiologic terms and on other scientific terms relevant to all professionals in clinical medicine and public health, as well as to professionals in the other health, life, and social sciences. Anyone seeking clarity on epidemiologic and methodological definitions important to human health will find it here. On the eve of a field trip to a foreign land, a health scientist remarked that if he had to limit his professional library to one volume on epidemiology, this would be the book he would choose.

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Obesity Epidemiology: Methods and Applications

 Epidemiology  Comments Off on Obesity Epidemiology: Methods and Applications
Oct 202018
 

During the past twenty years there has been a dramatic increase in obesity in the United States. An estimated thirty percent of adults in the US are obese; in 1980, only fifteen percent were. The issue is gaining greater attention with the CDC and with the public health world in general.

This book will offer practical information about the methodology of epidemiologic studies of obesity, suitable for graduate students and researchers in epidemiology, and public health practitioners with an interest in the issue.

The book will be structured in four main sections, with the majority of chapters authored by Dr. Hu, and some authored by specialists in specific areas. The first section will consider issues surrounding the definition of obesity, measurement techniques, and the designs of epidemiologic studies. The second section will address the consequences of obesity, looking at epidemiologic studies that focus on cardio-vascular disease, diabetes, and cancer The third section will look at determinants obesity, reviewing a wide range of risk factors for obesity including diet, physical activity and sedentary behaviors, sleep disorders, psychosocial factors, physical environment, biochemical and genetic predictors, and intrauterine exposures. In the final section, the author will discuss the analytical issues and challenges for epidemiologic studies of obesity.

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Practical Healthcare Epidemiology, 4th Edition

 Epidemiology  Comments Off on Practical Healthcare Epidemiology, 4th Edition
Oct 182018
 

Practical Healthcare Epidemiology takes a hands-on approach to infection prevention for physicians, healthcare epidemiologists, infection preventionists, microbiologists, nurses, and other healthcare professionals. Increased regulatory requirements and patient knowledge and involvement has elevated patient safety, healthcare-associated infections, antibiotic stewardship and quality-of-care to healthcare wide issues. This fully updated new edition brings together the expertise of leaders in healthcare epidemiology to provide best practice expert guidance on infection prevention for adult and pediatric patients in all types of healthcare facilities, from community hospitals and academic institutions, to long-term care and resource limited settings. Written in clear, straightforward terms to address prevention planning and immediate responses to specific situations, this is the go-to resource for any practitioners in medicine or public health involved in infection prevention, regardless of their current expertise in the field.
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Pediatric Epidemiology

 Epidemiology, Pediatrics  Comments Off on Pediatric Epidemiology
Oct 142018
 

Pediatric epidemiology differs substantially from general epidemiology especially when it comes to ethical, developmental and societal aspects. This unique book addresses biological considerations and ethical and legal questions in dealing with pediatric and adolescent populations. Classic topics, such as how to recruit representative samples, how to deal with confounding variables, and how to work with genetic information are the core areas of the book are also in focus. Last but not the least, this volume adds to the current understanding of global trends in occurrence, transmission, and control of epidemic pediatric diseases. This book not only serves as a textbook for epidemiologists, pediatricians, geneticists, and child and public health specialists but is also a key reference for those embarking on pediatric cohort studies and epidemiological studies involving the pediatric population

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All About Pandemics (Epidemic of Infectious Disease)

 Epidemiology, Infectious Diseases  Comments Off on All About Pandemics (Epidemic of Infectious Disease)
Oct 052018
 


This is a Complete Book to Know All About Pandemics (Epidemic of Infectious Disease).

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 – Introduction to Pandemic
Chapter 2 – 2009 Flu Pandemic
Chapter 3 – AIDS Pandemic
Chapter 4 – Cholera Pandemics
Chapter 5 – Influenza Pandemic
Chapter 6 – Third Pandemic
Chapter 7 – Viral Hemorrhagic Fever & Antibiotic Resistance

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