Epigenetic Epidemiology

 Epidemiology  Comments Off on Epigenetic Epidemiology
Jun 062019
 

The exploding field of epigenetics is challenging the dogma of traditional Mendelian inheritance. Epigenetics plays an important role in shaping who we are and contributes to our prospects of health and disease. While early epigenetic research focused on plant and animal models and in vitro experiments, population-based epidemiologic studies increasingly incorporate epigenetic components. The relevance of epigenetic marks, such as DNA methylation, genomic imprinting, and histone modification for disease causation has yet to be fully explored. This book covers the basic concepts of epigenetic epidemiology, discusses challenges in study design, analysis, and interpretation, epigenetic laboratory techniques, the influence of of age and environmental factors on shaping the epigenome, the role of epigenetics in the developmental origins hypothesis, and provides the state of the art on the epigenetic epidemiology of various health conditions including childhood syndromes, cancer, infectious diseases, inflammation and rheumatoid arthritis, asthma, autism and other neurodevelopmental disorders, psychiatric disorders, diabetes, obesity and metabolic disorders, and atherosclerosis.With contributions from: Peter Jones, Jean-Pierre Issa, Gavin Kelsey, Robert Waterland, and many other experts in epigenetics!
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Essentials of Epidemiology in Public Health, 4th Edition

 Epidemiology  Comments Off on Essentials of Epidemiology in Public Health, 4th Edition
May 192019
 

by Ann Aschengrau (Author), George R. Seage (Author)

Essentials of Epidemiology in Public Health, Fourth Edition combines theory and practice in presenting traditional and new epidemiologic concepts. Broad in scope, the text opens with five chapters covering the basic epidemiologic concepts and data sources. A major emphasis is placed on study design, with separate chapters devoted to each of the three main analytic designs: experimental, cohort, and case-control studies.
Full chapters on bias, confounding, and random error, including the role of statistics in epidemiology, ensure that students are well-equipped with the necessary information to interpret the results of epidemiologic studies. Up-to-date examples from the epidemiologic literature on diseases of public health importance are provided throughout the book.
Key Features:
• New examples and the latest public health statistics throughout
• Coverage of the Ebola outbreak including an in-depth investigation of what happened
• New examples that illustrate epidemiological principles including a greater emphasis on social factors that influence health, such as racism
• Straightforward descriptions of the latest epidemiologic methods including mediation analysis, agent-based modelling, and the use of directed acyclic graphs (DAGs) to assess confounding.
• An expanded glossary and key terms highlighted throughout the text

About the Author
Professor, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts

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Modern Infectious Disease Epidemiology, 3rd Edition

 Epidemiology, Infectious Diseases  Comments Off on Modern Infectious Disease Epidemiology, 3rd Edition
May 122019
 

Highly practical yet authoritative, the new edition of Modern Infectious Disease Epidemiology has been thoroughly updated and revised in line with changing health concerns. This successful book continues to outline the tools available to the infectious disease student or clinician seeking a thorough background in the epidemiology of infectious and communicable diseases. Building on many case studies and practical scenarios included, the book then uses the tools learnt to illustrate the fundamental concepts of the study of infectious diseases, such as infection spread, surveillance and control, infectivity, incubation periods, seroepidemiology, and immunity in populations.

New edition of this popular book, completely revised and updated
Retains the clarity and down-to-earth approach praised in previous editions
Successfully combines epidemiological theory with the principles of infectious disease treatment and control
A highly experienced author brings a personal and unique approach to this important subject
All students of epidemiology, infectious disease medicine and microbiology will find this text invaluable, ensuring its continued popularity

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Liver Transplantation: Clinical Assessment and Management

 Epidemiology  Comments Off on Liver Transplantation: Clinical Assessment and Management
May 122019
 

Liver Transplantation: Clinical Assessment and Management is the perfect tool for all gastroenterologists, hepatologists and transplant surgeons managing patients with liver disease awaiting and undergoing transplantation. Led by James Neuberger, world experts in hepatology and transplantation provide a chronological, step-by-step approach to best clinical management and patient care.

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Emerging Epidemics: Management and Control

 Emergency, Epidemiology  Comments Off on Emerging Epidemics: Management and Control
May 122019
 

A global perspective on the management and prevention of emerging and re-emerging diseases
Emerging infectious diseases are newly identified or otherwise previously unknown infections that cause public health challenges.

Re-emerging infectious diseases are due to both the reappearance of and an increase in the number of infections from a disease that is known, but which had formerly caused so few infections that it was no longer considered a public health problem. The factors that cause the emergence or re-emergence of a disease are diverse.

This book takes a look at the world’s emerging and re-emerging diseases. It covers the diagnosis, therapy, prevention, and control of a variety of individual diseases, and examines the social and behavioral issues that could contribute to epidemics. Each chapter focuses on an individual disease and provides scientific background and social history as well as the current basics of infection, epidemiology, and control.

Emerging Epidemics: Management and Control offers five topics of coverage:

FUNDAMENTALS
• Epidemics fundamentals
• Disasters and epidemics
• Biosafety
RE-EMERGING EPIDEMICS
• Tuberculosis
• Plague
NEWLY EMERGING EPIDEMICS
• Leptospirosis
• Dengue
• Japanese Encephalitis
• Chikungunya Fever
• West Nile Virus
• Chandipura Virus Encephalitis
• Kyasanur Forest Disease
• Hantavirus
• Human, Avian, and Swine Influenza
• Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome
• Nipah Virus
• Paragonimiasis
• Melioidosis
POTENTIAL EPIDEMICS
• Biowarfare and bioterrorism
• Food contamination and food terrorism
• Antimicrobial resistance
VECTOR CONTROL METHODS
• Mosquito control
• Other disease vectors and their control
Offering an integrated, worldwide overview of the complexity of the epidemiology of infections, Emerging Epidemics will be a valuable resource for students, physicians, and scientists working in veterinary, medical, and the pharmaceutical sciences.

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Pharmacoepidemiology

 Epidemiology, Pharmacology  Comments Off on Pharmacoepidemiology
Apr 142019
 

Now in its fifth edition, Pharmacoepidemiology defines the discipline and provides the most comprehensive guidance of any book on the topic. Written by world renowned experts in the field, this valuable text surveys the research designs and sources of data available for pharmacoepidemiologic research, and provides descriptions of various automated data systems, along with the advantages and disadvantages of each.
Incorporating perspectives from academia, industry and regulatory agencies, this book provides detailed insights into all aspects of pharmacoepidemiology.

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Anticholinesterase Pesticides: Metabolism, Neurotoxicity, and Epidemiology

 Endocrinology/Metabolism/Diabetes Mellitus, Epidemiology, Neurology/Neurosurgery  Comments Off on Anticholinesterase Pesticides: Metabolism, Neurotoxicity, and Epidemiology
Apr 132019
 

This book offers an important reference source about the most common classes of pesticides for researchers engaged in the area of neurotoxicology, metabolism, and epidemiology.
The book presents details about thorough characterization of target and non-target enzymes and proteins involved in toxicity and metabolism; and epidemiology of poisonings and fatalities in people from short- and long- term exposures to these pesticides in different occupational settings on an individual country basis as well as on a global basis. The early portion of the book deals with metabolism, mechanisms and biomonitoring of anticholinesterase pesticides, while the later part deals with epidemiological studies, regulatory issues, and therapeutic intervention.

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The Epidemiology of Diabetes Mellitus: An International Perspective

 Endocrinology/Metabolism/Diabetes Mellitus, Epidemiology  Comments Off on The Epidemiology of Diabetes Mellitus: An International Perspective
Apr 032019
 

This seminal work brings together, for the first time, information on international trends and data for diabetes mellitus. Diabetes is on the increase throughout both the developed and developing world. Currently there are approximately 150 million people with diabetes worldwide, mainly Type 2 diabetes, and it is possible that as many as half of the cases have not been diagnosed. These numbers are likely to increase over the next 25 years. This text takes an international look at the epidemiology of diabetes, focusing primarily on geographical aspects of the disease. Topics covered include:

Etiological factors and time trends Definitions and evidence for prevention Caucasian populations Non-Caucasian populations Associated risk factors and complications Implications The Epidemiology of Diabetes Mellitus: An International Perspective is essential reading for every diabetologist, clinical endocrinologist, epidemiologist and all the members of the diabetes specialist team.

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Oxford Handbook of Epidemiology for Clinicians

 Epidemiology  Comments Off on Oxford Handbook of Epidemiology for Clinicians
Apr 022019
 

The Oxford Handbook of Epidemiology for Clinicians provides all the information required by students and junior doctors who need to understand and translate key epidemiological concepts into medical practice. Unlike standard textbooks in this area, the focus throughout is on clinical applications of epidemiological knowledge.
Divided into four sections, the handbook begins with the basics of epidemiology in the clinic, moving on to the theories behind evidence-based practice, discussions of optimum methods and studies, and then ends by looking at the epidemiology of common diseases. The material is presented in a logical manner, from problems to the most appropriate solutions or tools to be applied. Interesting topics such as controversies in prevention intervention encourage discussion and thought, and the authors pose sensible and important questions throughout. This handbook is a must for all junior doctors, medical students, and clinicians who need to apply epidemiological concepts to day-to-day practice.

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Epidemiology and Geography: Principles, Methods and Tools of Spatial Analysis

 Epidemiology  Comments Off on Epidemiology and Geography: Principles, Methods and Tools of Spatial Analysis
Mar 312019
 

Localization is involved everywhere in epidemiology: health phenomena often involve spatial relationships among individuals and risk factors related to geography and environment. Therefore, the use of localization in the analysis and comprehension of health phenomena is essential. This book describes the objectives, principles, methods and tools of spatial analysis and geographic information systems applied to the field of health, and more specifically to the study of the spatial distribution of disease and health–environment relationships. It is a practical introduction to spatial and spatio-temporal analysis for epidemiology and health geography, and takes an educational approach illustrated with real-world examples.

Epidemiology and Geography presents a complete and straightforward overview of the use of spatial analysis in epidemiology for students, public health professionals, epidemiologists, health geographers and specialists in health–environment studies.

Contents

1. Methodological Context.
2. Spatial Analysis of Health Phenomena: General Principles.
3. Spatial Data in Health.
4. Cartographic Representations and Synthesis Tools.
5. Spatial Distribution Analysis.
6. Spatial Analysis of Risk.
7. Space–time Analyses and Modeling.

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