A Disease Called Childhood: Why ADHD Became an American Epidemic

 Epidemiology  Comments Off on A Disease Called Childhood: Why ADHD Became an American Epidemic
Jan 242020
 

A family therapist offers a surprising new look at the rise of ADHD in America, arguing for a better paradigm for diagnosing and treating our children.
 
Since 1987, the number of American children diagnosed with ADHD has jumped from 3 to 11 percent. Meanwhile, ADHD rates remain relatively low in other countries such as France, Finland, the UK, and Japan, where the number of children diagnosed with and medicated for ADHD is 1 percent or less. Alarmed by this trend, family therapist Marilyn Wedge set out to understand how ADHD became an American epidemic—and to find out whether there are alternative treatments to powerful prescription drugs.

In A Disease Called Childhood, Wedge examines the factors that have created a generation addicted to stimulant drugs. Instead of focusing only on treating symptoms, she looks at the various potential causes of hyperactivity and inattention in children, and behavioral and environmental—as opposed to strictly biological—treatments that have been proven to help. In the process, Wedge offers a new paradigm for child mental health—and a better, happier, and less medicated future for American children.

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Modern Environments and Human Health: Revisiting the Second Epidemiological Transition

 Epidemiology  Comments Off on Modern Environments and Human Health: Revisiting the Second Epidemiological Transition
Jan 172020
 

Written in an engaging and jargon-free style by a team of international and interdisciplinary experts, Modern Environments and Human Health demonstrates by example how methods, theoretical approaches, and data from a wide range of disciplines can be used to resolve longstanding questions about the second epidemiological transition. The first book to address the subject from a multi-regional, comparative, and interdisciplinary perspective, Modern Environments and Human Health is a valuable resource for students and academics in biological anthropology, economics, history, public health, demography, and epidemiology.

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Epidemiology: Beyond the Basics

 Epidemiology  Comments Off on Epidemiology: Beyond the Basics
Dec 282019
 

Written for those who are familiar with the basic strategies of analytic epidemiology, Epidemiology: Beyond the Basics takes readers through a more rigorous discussion of key epidemiologic concepts and methods such as study design, measures of association, research assessment, and more. With real-life examples throughout, the book avoids complex statistical formulations and is an invaluable resource for intermediate students and practicing epidemiologists who wish to expand their knowledge of epidemiology and its role in the medical and public health sciences.

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Reproductive Epidemiology: Principles And Methods

 Epidemiology  Comments Off on Reproductive Epidemiology: Principles And Methods
Dec 272019
 

 

Reproductive Epidemiology explores the range of methodologies used to collect data and conduct analysis on the distribution and determinants of reproductive-related health states or events in human populations. This unique book explores real-world reproductive health problems and provides readers with a guide on the use of methods appropriate for challenging and sensitive research topics, which include: sexual behavior, abortion, illicit drug use, and sexual abuse. Readers will come away with a clear understanding of the practical applications of epidemiology in the promotion of complete physical, mental, social, spiritual, emotional, and environmental health as they relate to the reproductive health system and its functions and processes. Key Features: Written for the students with minimal training in the biomedical sciences and statistics. Emphasis is placed on the application of the basic principles of epidemiology according to person, place, and time in order to solve current reproductive health problems. Guidance is provided on how to identify and describe reproductive health problems, formulate research hypotheses, select appropriate research study designs, manage and analyze epidemiologic data, interpret study results, and apply the results to preventing and controlling reproductive health problems.

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https://nitroflare.com/view/D1526A4C27CCDC1/0763758698.pdf

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Infectious Disease Epidemiology: Theory and Practice

 Epidemiology, Infectious Diseases  Comments Off on Infectious Disease Epidemiology: Theory and Practice
Dec 272019
 

Now in its third edition, this comprehensive volume is recognized as the most authoritative review of the epidemiology of infectious disease. Divided into five sections that cover methods in infectious disease epidemiology, airborne transmission, diarrheal diseases, blood and body fluid as a reservoir of infectious diseases, vectorborne and parasite disease, the book includes ‘state-of-the-art’ chapters on methodological issues, pathogenesis, and comprehensive reviews of virtually all known infectious diseases.
New to the Third Edition:
1. All chapters updated with significant new information
2. HIV chapter completely updated including results of trials of Male Circumcision, HIV-vaccines, female condoms, Microbicides and new drugs
3. New chapter on Infectious Disease Eradication (e.g. Smallpox, Polio, Measles)
4. New chapter on Pneumococcal Disease (with material on S. pneumonia moved from the ARI and Vaccine chapters)
5. Influenza chapter updated with new material on H1/N1 and control/prevention of Influenza during a pandemic
6. Consolidation of material from the chapters on Outbreaks and Surveillance.
7. Nosocomial Infection chapter is shortened and updated with a new section on nosocomial/community MRSA
8. Malaria chapter updated with new information on bed nets, prophylactic therapy of pregnant women and other high risk populations as well as new detailed examination of the organization, implementation, and accomplishments of the WHO–Roll-Back Malaria program; and a new description of the 5th Human Malaria parasite–P.knowlesi and its Epidemiology.
9. STD chapter is updated with new information on the rapid diagnosis of STDs using urine PCR-methods as well as new information on partner prophylacitic treatment of STDs
10. New information in Chickengunya virus, Enterovirus 71, Nipah and Hendra virus infections to the Emerging infections chapter.
11. Hepatitis chapter is revised with new information on HEV virus
12. New brief chapter discussing the various models of behavioral change that are useful in Infectious Diseases research–e.g. Health Belief model etc.

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Epidemiology of Pediatric Sports Injuries: Individual Sports (MEDICINE AND SPORT SCIENCE SERIES)

 Epidemiology, Pediatrics, Sports Medicine  Comments Off on Epidemiology of Pediatric Sports Injuries: Individual Sports (MEDICINE AND SPORT SCIENCE SERIES)
Dec 102019
 

Epidemiology of Pediatric Sport Injuries reviews integratively the existing data on distribution and determinants of injury rates in a variety of sports, and suggests injury prevention measures and guidelines for further research. This volume focuses on individual sports, as the next volume will discuss team sports. Together the two volumes provide the first comprehensive compilation and critical analysis of epidemiological data over a wide range of childrens and youth sports. In this volume, the reader will find information on individual sports such as Equestrian, Gymnastics, Martial Arts, Skiing and Snowboarding, Tennis, Wrestling as well as Track and Field injuries. All the sports-specific chapters are laid out with the same basic headings, so that it is easy to find common information across chapters. The section headings include: incidence of injury; injury characteristics; injury severity; injury risk factors and suggestions for injury prevention and further research. Spor

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The Metabolic Syndrome:: Epidemiology, Clinical Treatment, and Underlying Mechanisms

 Endocrinology/Metabolism/Diabetes Mellitus, Epidemiology  Comments Off on The Metabolic Syndrome:: Epidemiology, Clinical Treatment, and Underlying Mechanisms
Dec 102019
 

This book covers the most important clinical and bench science aspects of metabolic syndrome. It will be of value to all of those seeking a comprehensive update on the metabolic syndrome. Furthermore, it will provide a broad basis for advancing research in the multiple intersecting disciplines encompassed by the metabolic syndrome.
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Clinical Epidemiology: Practice and Methods (Methods in Molecular Biology)

 Epidemiology  Comments Off on Clinical Epidemiology: Practice and Methods (Methods in Molecular Biology)
Dec 072019
 

Focusing on improving the diagnosis, prognosis, and management of human disease, this book takes on the issues of research design, measurement, and evaluation which are critical to clinical epidemiology. This second edition of Clinical Epidemiology: Practice and Methods opens with how best to frame a clinical research question, the ethics associated with doing a research project in humans, and the definition of various biases that occur in clinical research. From there, it continues by examining issues of design, measurement, and analysis associated with various research designs, including determination of risk in longitudinal studies, assessment of therapy in randomized controlled clinical trials, and evaluation of diagnostic tests, and then delves into the more specialized area of clinical genetic research, before concluding with basic methods used in evidence-based decision making including critical appraisal, aggregation of multiple studies using meta-analysis, health technology assessment, clinical practice guidelines, development of health policy, translational research, how to utilize administrative databases, and knowledge translation. Written for the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series, chapters include the kind of detail and practical advice to ensure real world success.
Comprehensive and authoritative, Clinical Epidemiology: Practice and Methods, Second Edition is intended to educate researchers on how to undertake clinical research and should be helpful not only to medical practitioners but also to basic scientists who want to extend their work to humans, to allied health professionals interested in scientific evaluation, and to trainees in clinical epidemiology.

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Diseases of Poverty: Epidemiology, Infectious Diseases, and Modern Plagues

 Epidemiology, Infectious Diseases  Comments Off on Diseases of Poverty: Epidemiology, Infectious Diseases, and Modern Plagues
Dec 072019
 

Only a few decades ago, we were ready to declare victory over infectious diseases. Today, infectious diseases are responsible for significant morbidity and mortality throughout the world.

This book examines the epidemiology and social impact of past and present infectious disease epidemics in the developing and developed world. In the introduction, the authors define global health as a discipline, justify its critical importance in the modern era, and introduce the Millennium Development Goals, which have become critical targets for most of the developing world. The first half of the volume provides an epidemiological overview, exploring early and contemporary perspectives on disease and disease control. An analysis of nutrition, water, and sanitation anchors the discussion of basic human needs. Specific diseases representing both “loud” and “silent” emergencies are investigated within broader structures of ecological and biological health such as economics, education, state infrastructure, culture, and personal liberty. The authors also examine antibiotic resistance, AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis, and pandemic influenza, and offer an epilogue on diseases of affluence, which now threaten citizens of countries both rich and poor.

A readable guide to specific diseases, richly contextualized in environment and geography, this book will be used by health professionals in all disciplines interested in global health and its history and as a textbook in university courses on global health.

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Human Genome Epidemiology, 2nd Edition

 Epidemiology  Comments Off on Human Genome Epidemiology, 2nd Edition
Dec 032019
 

The first edition of Human Genome Epidemiology, published in 2004, discussed how the epidemiologic approach provides an important scientific foundation for studying the continuum from gene discovery to the development, applications and evaluation of human genome information in improving health and preventing disease. Since that time, advances in human genomics have continued to occur at a breathtaking pace. With contributions from leaders in the field from around the world, this new edition is a fully updated look at the ways in which genetic factors in common diseases are studied. Methodologic developments in collection, analysis and synthesis of data, as well as issues surrounding specific applications of human genomic information for medicine and public health are all discussed. In addition, the book focuses on practical applications of human genome variation in clinical practice and disease prevention. Students, clinicians, public health professionals and policy makers will find the book a useful tool for understanding the rapidly evolving methods of the discovery and use of genetic information in medicine and public health in the 21st century.
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