Ambient Assisted Living: Italian Forum 2018

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May 102019
 

This book documents the state of the art in the field of ambient assisted living (AAL), highlighting the impressive potential of novel methodologies and technologies to enhance well-being and promote active ageing. The coverage is wide ranging, with sections on care models and algorithms, enabling technologies and assistive solutions, elderly people monitoring, home rehabilitation, ICT solutions for AAL, living with chronic conditions, robotic assistance for the elderly, sensing technologies for AAL, and smart housing. The book comprises a selection of the best papers presented at the 9th Italian Forum on Ambient Assisted Living (ForitAAL 2018), which was held in Lecce, Italy, in July 2018 and brought together end users, technology teams, and policy makers to develop a consensus on how to improve provision for elderly and impaired people. Readers will find that the expert contributions offer clear insights into the ways in which the most recent exciting advances may be expected to assist in addressing the needs of the elderly and those with chronic conditions.
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Interdisciplinary Approaches to Food Digestion

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May 102019
 


For the first time, this singular and comprehensive text presents a focus on quantitative studies aiming to describe food digestion and the tools that are available for quantification. A case study relevant to real-world applications places this theoretical knowledge in context and demonstrates the different ways digestion studies can be used to develop food products. Interdisciplinary Approaches to Food Digestion undertakes a multidisciplinary approach to food digestion studies, placing them in context and presenting relevant phenomena plus the challenges and limitations of different approaches. This book presents a unique, useful reference work to scientists, students, and researchers in the area of food science, engineering, and nutrition.
Over the last two decades there has been an increasing demand for foods that deliver specific nutritional values. In addition, the dramatic increase of food related diseases such as obesity requires the development of novel food products that control satiety and glycemic response. Overall, digestion studies are gaining increasing attention in recent years, especially as the link between diet and health/well-being becomes more evident. However, digestion is a complex process involving a wide range of disciplines such as medicine, nutrition, chemistry, materials science, and engineering. While a significant body of work exists within each discipline, there is a lack of a multidisciplinary approach on the topic which will provide a holistic view of the process. With Interdisciplinary Approaches to Food Digestion, researchers are finally presented with this much needed approach.

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Prospects of Renewable Bioprocessing in Future Energy Systems

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May 102019
 

This book discusses various renewable energy resources and technologies. Topics covered include recent advances in photobioreactor design; microalgal biomass harvesting, drying, and processing; and technological advances and optimised production systems as prerequisites for achieving a positive energy balance.
It highlights alternative resources that can be used to replace fossil fuels, such as algal biofuels, biodiesel, bioethanol, and biohydrogen. Further, it reviews microbial technologies, discusses an immobilization method, and highlights the efficiency of enzymes as a key factor in biofuel production.
In closing, the book outlines future research directions to increase oil yields in microalgae, which could create new opportunities for lipid-based biofuels, and provides an outlook on the future of global biofuel production.
Given its scope, the book will appeal to all researchers and engineers working in the renewable energy sector.

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Chronic Disease in the Twentieth Century: A History

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Apr 292019
 

Long and recurring illnesses have burdened sick people and their doctors since ancient times, but until recently the concept of “chronic disease” had limited significance. Even lingering diseases like tuberculosis, a leading cause of mortality, did not inspire dedicated public health activities until the later decades of the nineteenth century, when it became understood as a treatable infectious disease. Historian of medicine George Weisz analyzes why the idea of chronic disease assumed critical importance in the twentieth century and how it acquired new meaning as one of the most serious problems facing national healthcare systems.

Chronic Disease in the Twentieth Century challenges the conventional wisdom that the concept of chronic disease emerged because medicine’s ability to cure infectious disease led to changing patterns of disease. Instead, it suggests, the concept was constructed and has evolved to serve a variety of political and social purposes. How and why the concept developed differently in the United States, the United Kingdom, and France are central concerns of this work. In the United States, anxiety about chronic disease spread early in the twentieth century and was transformed in the 1950s and 1960s into a national crisis that helped shape healthcare reform. In the United Kingdom, the concept emerged only after World War II, was associated almost exclusively with proper medical care for the elderly population, and became closely linked to the development of geriatrics as a specialty. In France, the problems of elderly and infirm people were handled as technical and administrative matters until the 1950s and 1960s, when medical treatment of elderly people emerged as a subset of their wider social marginality.

While an international consensus now exists regarding a chronic disease crisis that demands better forms of disease management, the different paths taken by these countries during the twentieth century continue to exert profound influence. This book seeks to explain why, among the innumerable problems faced by societies, some problems in some places become viewed as critical public issues that shape health policy.

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Advanced Therapy for Hepatitis C

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Apr 152019
 


Hepatologists, both researchers and front-line clinicians, now have a comprehensive guide to the treatment of patients with the HCV virus. This book focuses mainly on the efficacy and clinical use of antiviral therapies, including the use of antivirals post liver transplantation and in the presence of the HIV virus.

It also explores the foundations for understanding antiviral therapies in HCV, such as the complex pharmacology and mechanisms of antiviral drugs. A ‘late-breaking information’ chapter contains the most recent trial results on the latest antiviral drugs.

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Principles and Practice of Travel Medicine

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Apr 142019
 

This second edition of Principles and Practice of Travel Medicine has been extensively updated to provide a comprehensive description of travel medicine and is an invaluable reference resource to support the clinical practice of travel medicine.

This new edition covers the many recent advances in the field, including the development of new and combined vaccines; malaria prophylaxis; emerging new infections; new hazards resulting from travel to long haul destinations; health tourism; and population movements. The chapter on vaccine-preventable diseases includes new developments in licensed vaccines, as well as continent-based recommendations for their administration.

There are chapters on the travel health management of high risk travellers, including the diabetic traveller, the immuno-compromised, those with cardiovascular, renal, neurological, gastrointestinal, malignant and other disorders, psychological and psychiatric illnesses, pregnant women, children and the elderly.

With increasing numbers of ever more adventurous travellers, there is discussion of travel medicine within extreme environments, whilst the chapter on space tourism may well be considered the future in travel medicine.

Principles and Practice of Travel Medicine is an invaluable resource for health care professionals providing advice and clinical care to the traveller.

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Practical Colonoscopy

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Apr 122019
 

Colonoscopy: Tips and Tricks is a practical guide to the fundamentals of this very common medical procedure. Specialists will also find it a useful refresher tool and trainees in gastroenterology and practicing endoscopist doctors will find it an indispensable resource.

Simply split into four sections, Pre-procedure, Basic Procedure, Operative Procedures and Post-procedure, the reader will be taken through the basics of performing colonoscopy in a step-by-step fashion, with full attention given to setting up the colonoscopy setting and preparing the patient as well as the fundamentals behind the different procedures themselves. Authored by one the world’s leading expert in colonoscopy, Jerry Waye, along with an up and coming GI fellow at Mount Sinai. Complete with a companion website featuring approximately 40 video clips of colonoscopy procedures being performed by leading experts

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Biosensors and Molecular Technologies for Cancer Diagnostics

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Apr 112019
 

Bridging the gap between research and clinical application, Biosensors and Molecular Technologies for Cancer Diagnostics explores the use of biosensors as effective alternatives to the current standard methods in cancer diagnosis and detection.

It describes the major aspects involved in detecting and diagnosing cancer as well as the basic elements of biosensors and their applications in detection and diagnostics.

The book addresses cancer molecular diagnostics, including genomic and proteomic approaches, from the perspective of biosensors and biodetection. It explains how to measure and understand molecular markers using biosensors and discusses the medical advantages of rapid and accurate cancer diagnostics. It also describes optical, electrochemical, and optomechanical biosensor technologies, with a focus on cancer analysis and the clinical utility of these technologies for cancer detection, diagnostics, prognostics, and treatment.

Making biosensor technology more accessible to molecular biologists, oncologists, pathologists, and engineers, this volume advances the integration of this technology into mainstream clinical practice. Through its in-depth coverage of a range of biosensors, the book shows how they can play instrumental roles in the early molecular diagnosis of cancer.

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PDE and Level Sets: Algorithmic Approaches to Static and Motion Imagery

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Mar 252019
 

PDE & Level Sets: Algorithmic Approaches to Static & Motion Imagery is specially dedicated to the segmentation of complex shapes from the field of imaging sciences using level sets and PDEs. It covers the fundamentals of level sets, different kinds of concepts of both geodesic curvature flows and planar flows, as well as the power of incorporation of regional-statistics in level set framework. In covering this material, this book presents segmentation of object-in-motion imagery based on level sets in eigen analysis framework, while also presenting classical problems of boundary completion in cognitive images, like the pop-up of subjective contours in the famous triangle of Kanizsa using surface evolution framework, or the mean curvature evolution of a graph with respect to the Riemannian metric induced by the image. All results are presented for modal completion of cognitive objects with missing boundaries.
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Ethics of Innovation in Neurosurgery

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Mar 092019
 

This book covers all ethical aspects of introducing novel implants and procedures in neurosurgery in a structured way, addressing the current knowledge gap concerning ethical innovations in neurosurgery. Initially it explores the difficulties involved in defining when a procedure should be considered innovation, research, or care. To this end, it presents not only an overview of current literature, but also data from a recent survey among neurosurgeons in Europe.

The book subsequently discusses the ethical issues related to innovation. These include: informed consent (what should a surgeon tell the patient and how should he/she do so), oversight (can any surgeon simply implant a novel spinal device?), the learning curve (when should a surgeon be allowed to perform a novel procedure?), vulnerable patients (how to innovate in the pediatric population or in an emergency setting), and conflicts of interest, as well as the ethics of paying for innovative treatments.

In turn, the closing chapters focus on the evaluation of neurosurgical research and innovation. Are cultural changes necessary and how could innovation benefit from (international) collaborations? Given the range of topics addressed, the book offers neurosurgeons, residents, scientists, companies and hospital administrations a valuable guide to introducing novel implants and techniques in neurosurgery.

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