Apr 232017
 

Parental Responsibility in the Context of Neuroscience and Genetics (International Library of Ethics, Law, and the New Medicine)


Should parents aim to make their children as normal as possible to increase their chances to “fit in”? Are neurological and mental health conditions a part of children’s identity and if so, should parents aim to remove or treat these? Should they aim to instill self-control in their children? Should prospective parents take steps to insure that, of all the children they could have, they choose the ones with the best likely start in life?

This volume explores all of these questions and more. Against the background of recent findings and expected advances in neuroscience and genetics, the extent and limits of parental responsibility are increasingly unclear. Awareness of the effects of parental choices on children’s wellbeing, as well as evolving norms about the moral status of children, have further increased expectations from (prospective) parents to take up and act on their changing responsibilities. 

The contributors discuss conceptual issues such as the meaning and sources of moral responsibility, normality, treatment, and identity. They also explore more practical issues such as how responsibility for children is practiced in Yoruba culture in Nigeria or how parents and health professionals in Belgium perceive the dilemmas generated by prenatal diagnosis.

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Apr 232017
 

Genetic Skin Disorders (Oxford Monographs on Medical Genetics)


By (author): Virginia P. Sybert

This fully revised and updated edition of GENETIC SKIN DISORDERS reflects the most current understanding of the diagnosis, treatment, genetic basis, and differential diagnoses of inherited skin disorders. Organized with the needs of busy clinicians in mind, it offers detailed clinical guidance on the signs, symptoms, mode of inheritance, recurrence risk, and diagnosis of over 300 skin disorders, all in an accessible, at-a-glance format. Annotated bibliographies highlight the most relevant and up-to-date medical literature. Newly compiled lists of support groups, both national and international, for patients and their families supplement the ample resources for medical professionals.

Informed by the author’s extensive clinical experience and suffused with a distinctive, witty voice, GENETIC SKIN DISORDERS is an ideal companion in the laboratory, clinic, or consulting room.

FEATURES

· Includes both disease-based chapters and an appendix of skin signs that simplifies differential diagnosis for specialists and general practitioners alike
· More than 800 color photographs illustrate the full spectrum of hair, skin, and nail abnormalities
· Updated to reflect current classification of inherited skin disorders and the molecular underpinnings of these conditions

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Apr 212017
 

Nipple Sparing Mastectomy: Minimally Invasive Video-Assisted Technique


This book describes in detail three different techniques for minimally invasive video-assisted breast surgery: nipple-sparing mastectomy with a hand-held external retractor, with a single-port device, and with robotic assistance. All three techniques can be employed for radical treatment of breast cancer or for risk reduction surgery, and the last two are brand new. The techniques are clearly explained with the aid of numerous high-quality illustrations. All surgical stages are covered in detail, and helpful information is provided on key aspects of surgical anatomy, diagnostic workup, instrumentation, and postoperative management. Nipple Sparing Mastectomy is the first manual to cover these techniques, which are likely to become standard in the field of oncological breast surgery. It will be invaluable for breast surgeons who are skilled in nipple-sparing mastectomy and oncoplastic techniques or are working in breast units that offer genetic counseling to high-risk patients.

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Apr 172017
 

Asymmetric Cell Division in Development, Differentiation and Cancer (Results and Problems in Cell Differentiation)


This book provides readers with an overview of the frequent occurrence of asymmetric cell division. Employing a broad range of examples, it highlights how this mode of cell division constitutes the basis of multicellular organism development and how its misregulation can lead to cancer.

To underline such developmental correlations, readers will for example gain insights into stem cell fate and tumor growth. In turn, subsequent chapters include descriptions of asymmetric cell division from unicellular organisms to humans in both physiological and pathological conditions. The book also illustrates the importance of this process for evolution and our need to understand the background mechanisms, offering a valuable guide not only for students in the field of developmental biology but also for experienced researchers from neighboring fields.

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Apr 072017
 

Immunogenetics of Fungal Diseases


This book provides up-to-date information on immunogenetics of fungal diseases in the context of primary and acquired immunodeficiencies. Different aspects of this emerging field are covered, including epidemiology of fungal diseases, innate and adaptive antifungal immunity, and the role of immunogenetics in defining susceptibility to fungal diseases in primary (CMC, CGD, etc.) immunodeficiencies and hematologic patients. The available information will also be discussed in the scope of new biomarker discovery and development of immunotherapeutic approaches for personalized diagnostics and therapy. The book addresses Professors, researchers and advanced students of Medicine, Immunology, Microbiology and Genetics.
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Apr 052017
 

Translational Bioinformatics and Its Application (Translational Medicine Research)


This book offers a detailed overview of translational bioinformatics together with real-case applications. Translational bioinformatics integrates the areas of basic bioinformatics, clinical informatics, statistical genetics and informatics in order to further our understanding of the molecular basis of diseases. By analyzing voluminous amounts of molecular and clinical data, it also provides clinical information, which can then be applied. Filling the gap between clinic research and informatics, the book is a valuable resource for human geneticists, clinicians, health educators and policy makers, as well as graduate students majoring in biology, biostatistics, and bioinformatics.

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Apr 052017
 

The Gene Machine: How Genetic Technologies Are Changing the Way We Have Kids–and the Kids We Have


Features: Scientific American
By (author): Bonnie Rochman

A sharp-eyed exploration of the promise and peril of having children in an age of genetic tests and interventions

Is screening for disease in an embryo a humane form of family planning or a slippery slope toward eugenics? Should doctors tell you that your infant daughter is genetically predisposed to breast cancer? If tests revealed that your toddler has a genetic mutation whose significance isn’t clear, would you want to know?

In The Gene Machine, the award-winning journalist Bonnie Rochman deftly explores these hot-button questions, guiding us through the new frontier of gene technology and how it is transforming medicine, bioethics, health care, and the factors that shape a family. Rochman tells the stories of scientists working to unlock the secrets of the human genome; genetic counselors and spiritual advisers guiding mothers and fathers through life-changing choices; and, of course, parents (including Rochman herself) grappling with revelations that are sometimes joyous, sometimes heartbreaking, but always profound. She navigates the dizzying and constantly expanding array of prenatal and postnatal tests, from carrier screening to genome sequencing, while considering how access to more tests is altering perceptions of disability and changing the conversation about what sort of life is worth living and who draws the line. Along the way, she highlights the most urgent ethical quandary: Is this technology a triumph of modern medicine or a Pandora’s box of possibilities?

Propelled by human narratives and meticulously reported, The Gene Machine is both a scientific road map and a meditation on our power to shape the future. It is a book that gets to the very core of what it means to be human.

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Release date February 28, 2017.

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Apr 032017
 

Human Chromosome Variation: Heteromorphism, Polymorphism and Pathogenesis


By (author): Herman E. Wyandt, Golder N. Wilson, Vijay S. Tonk

This new edition now titled “Human Chromosome Variation: Heteromorphism, Polymorphism and Pathogenesis” provides the reader with an up-to-date overview of microarrays, fragile sites, copy number variations and whole genome sequencing. Greatly expanding the discussion of microarray analysis in the previous edition of the book, are new chapters on microarray and genomic analysis, plus comprehensive tables on the subtle microdeletions and microduplications that are found on each chromosome, including 235 recurring copy number variants that are associated with well-established or emerging chromosomal syndromes. The current edition features concise information on cytogenetic methods and applications, extending these discussions to DNA analysis and genome sequencing. Sections on euchromatin, heterochromatin, FISH pattern, fragile site, copy number, and DNA sequence variation are integrated with actual clinical examples from cytogenetic laboratories and from clinical practice. The principles that allow for the distinction between benign chromosome / DNA variation and pathogenic heteromorphisms / polymorphisms are discussed and include references to the latest organizational guidelines and genomic or population databases. 

The two previous incarnations of this book: the ‘Atlas of Human Chromosome Heteromorphism’, and ‘Human Chromosome Variation: Heteromorphism and Polymorphism’ have been standard reference works in most cytogenetic laboratories, used by laboratory directors and clinicians all around the world. While widely used sections from the previous edition on cytogenetic technologies and heteromorphisms are retained intact the present volume adds extensive material on copy number variations (polymorphisms detected by microarray analysis), fragile sites in disease and cancer, and practical views on interpreting emerging technologies, including whole exome sequencing. 

This book should be of interest to clinicians, technicians and students who are or will be exposed to DNA and/or chromosome analysis and the data derived from these continuously developing techniques. This fully updated book volume will bring the reader up to speed on the latest technologies, their applications, benefits and drawbacks and as such, is a must read for anyone with an interest in DNA and chromosome analysis and the distinction between benign variation and pathogenic mistakes.

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Apr 012017
 

Squamous cell Carcinoma: Molecular Therapeutic Targets


This edited volume is about novel targeted therapies for the treatment of advanced neoplasms of the head and neck (HNSCC) with particular reference to oral squamous cell carcinomas and covers specific fields of cancer genetics and genomics for personalized medicine.

The landmark studies from the HNSCC Cancer Genome Anatomy (TCGA) and the cancer Genome Atlas 2015 have revealed the multiplicity and diversity of genetic alterations in HNSCC. This remarkable body of information has elucidated novel druggable targets (eg. EGFR, mTOR, p53, survivin andaberrant microRNA) for therapeutic interventions in head and neck cancer.

Readers will discover the importance of the biology and pathology of squamous cell carcinomas, the role of cancer stem cells and other factors that contribute to resistance to curative therapies such as hypoxia. We present an in-depth analysis of the HNSCC oncogenome describing the distinct molecular alterations in squamous cell carcinomas, which participate in specific molecular pathways whose dysregulation may contribute to most HNSCC cases. Final chapters of the book elucidate how these important cancer-driving molecular events and molecular pathways could be targeted to treat head and neck cancers and  their therapeutic applications for targeted therapies based on clinical trials reported worldwide.

This book is aimed at a broad audience, including scientists, physicians, surgeons, and post graduate students engaged in oncology and provide the readers with an up-to-date, interdisciplinary knowledge and tools to better understand the evolving areas of targeted gene therapy and the key concept of personalized medicine in head and neck cancer.

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Apr 012017
 

Molecular Oncology: Underlying Mechanisms and Translational Advancements


Cancer is a multifaceted and genomically complex disease and data obtained through high throughput technologies has provided near complete resolution of the landscape of how genomic, genetic and epigenetic mutations in cancerous cells effectively influence homeostasis of signaling networks within these cells, between cancerous cells, tumor microenvironment and at the organ level. Increasingly sophisticated information has helped us in developing a better understanding of the underlying mechanisms of cancer, and it is now known that intra-tumor genetic heterogeneity, cellular plasticity, dysregulation of spatio-temporally controlled signaling cascades, and loss of apoptosis are contributory in cancer development, progression and the development of resistance against different therapeutics. It is becoming progressively more understandable that earlier detection of pre-existing or emerging resistance against different therapeutics may prove to be helpful in personalizing the use of targeted cancer therapy. 
Despite the fact that there is a continuously increasing list of books, being guest edited by researchers, books on the subject are often composed of invited reviews without proper sequence and continuity and designed for a particular readership. This book progressively shifts and guides the readers from basic underlying mechanisms to translational approaches to treat cancer.
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