Jun 182017
 

Studies in Forensic Biohistory: Anthropological Perspectives (Cambridge Studies in Biological and Evolutionary Anthropology)


Features: CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS

The lives of kings, poets, authors, criminals and celebrities are a perpetual fascination in the media and popular culture, and for decades anthropologists and other scientists have participated in ‘post-mortem dissections’ of the lives of historical figures. In this field of biohistory, researchers have identified and analyzed these figures’ bodies using technologies such as DNA fingerprinting, biochemical assays, and skeletal biology. This book brings together biohistorical case studies for the first time, and considers the role of the anthropologist in the writing of historical narratives surrounding the deceased. Contributors theorize biohistory with respect to the sociology of the body, examining the ethical implications of biohistorical work and the diversity of social theoretical perspectives that researchers’ work may relate to. The volume defines scales of biohistorical engagement, providing readers with a critical sense of scale and the different paths to ‘historical notoriety’ that can emerge with respect to human remains.
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Jun 142017
 

Forensic Alcohol Test Evidence (FATE): A Handbook for Law Enforcement and Accident Investigation


By (author): John Brick

Everyday problems associated with the consequences of alcohol use disorders require answers, and it is for this reason Forensic Alcohol Test Evidence (FATE) was written. Forensic alcohol test evidence focuses on the evaluation, interpretation and application of the effects of alcohol or an alcohol test result to some legal issue such as a crime, accident or consequence of alcohol exposure. In FATE, many of the issues pertinent to a thorough forensic evaluation and trial testimony are discussed, but most importantly is the focus on consistent, unbiased, and comprehensive application of diverse scientific disciplines and research to questions of forensic interest. This requires evaluating behavioral, analytical, physiological, pharmacological and toxicological evidence in the puzzle; determining if the pieces go together; and reaching a conclusion to a reasonable degree of scientific certainty. The first chapter discusses what is forensic alcohol test evidence and why it is studied. Chapter 2 explores forensic alcohol evidence and what are the types of alcohol and quantitative expression of blood alcohol. Chapter 3 examines alcohol pharmacokinetics, alcohol pharmacodynamics site of alcohol action, and basic neurophysiology. Neuropharmacology of alcohol intoxication is also discussed. Chapter 4 covers laboratory and clinical-based tests of impairment. In Chapter 5, DWI high-risk behaviors and injuries are discussed. Chapter 6 defines alcohol and the law: drunk driving, visible intoxication, and aggression, while Chapter 7 covers the DWI investigation and arrest, elements of the DWI report, outside vehicle test, and obtaining blood samples. Chapters 8 and 9 describe alcohol-drug interactions and medical consequences and toxicological considerations. Chapters 10 and 11 pursue alcohol use, tolerance, dependence, and the need for standardization and estimating blood alcohol levels. The remaining two chapters cover accident reconstruction and neuropsychology. This book will be an essential tool and valuable resource for all law enforcement officers and investigators, forensic examiners and other professionals in the evaluation and interpretation of alcohol evidence in crimes and accidents.
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Jun 122017
 

Forensic Science in Healthcare: Caring for Patients, Preserving the Evidence


By (author): Connie Darnell

First responders confronted by forensic cases are forced to consider the competing concerns of administering proper medical treatment while at the same time safeguarding vital evidence. Forensic Science in Healthcare: Caring for Patients, Preserving the Evidence presents precise on-scene protocol designed to ensure that the actions of the response team provide the necessary care and yet maintain the integrity of the evidence for legal purposes.

Following an introduction to forensics, the book explains how to recognize and identify patients with forensic issues, offers guidelines on proper documentation, and provides tips on forensic photography and capturing critical images. It reviews basic principles of evidence collection before moving into specific case scenarios, including domestic violence, sexual assault, child and elder abuse, youth violence, and death investigation. The book also examines occupational concerns for forensic personnel as well as legal issues such as testifying in depositions and in court.

Enhanced with photographs, illustrations, templates for documentation, and case-specific recommendations, this one-stop reference provides first responders with practical understanding of the steps that should be followed to ensure not only patient protection but evidence preservation.

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Apr 212017
 

Current Practice in Forensic Medicine, Volume 2


Forensic medicine is a broad and evolving field with areas of rapid progress embracing both clinical and pathological aspects of practice, in which there may be considerable overlap. This is the second volume in a series that provides a unique, in-depth and critical update on selected topics of direct relevance to those practising in the field of clinical forensic medicine and related areas including lawyers, police, medical practitioners, forensic scientists, and students.

The chapters endeavour to maintain a relevance to an international, multi-professional audience and include chapters on:

  • DNA decontamination,
  • The toxicity of novel psychoactive substances,
  • The relevance of gastric contents in the timing of death,
  • The effects of controlled energy devices,
  • The main risk factors for driving impairment,
  • The risk factors for harm  to health of detainees in short-term custody,
  • Autoerotic deaths,
  • Child maltreatment and neglect, and
  • The investigation of potential non-accidental head injury in children.

Also included are chapters on excited delirium syndrome, automatism and personality disorders. Two topics not generally covered in standard clinical forensic medical textbooks include a forensic anthropological approach to body recovery in potential crimes against humanity and risk management and security issues for the forensic practitioner investigating potential crimes against humanity in a foreign country.

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Apr 112017
 

Forensic Microbiology (Forensic Science in Focus)


Forensic Microbiology focuses on newly emerging areas of microbiology relevant to medicolegal and criminal investigations: postmortem changes, establishing cause of death, estimating postmortem interval, and trace evidence analysis. Recent developments in sequencing technology allow researchers, and potentially practitioners, to examine microbial communities at unprecedented resolution and in multidisciplinary contexts. This detailed study of microbes facilitates the development of new forensic tools that use the structure and function of microbial communities as physical evidence.  

Chapters cover:

  • Experiment design
  • Data analysis
  • Sample preservation
  • The influence of microbes on results from autopsy, toxicology, and histology
  • Decomposition ecology
  • Trace evidence

This diverse, rapidly evolving field of study has the potential to provide high quality microbial evidence which can be replicated across laboratories, providing spatial and temporal evidence which could be crucial in a broad range of investigative contexts.  This book is intended as a resource for students, microbiologists, investigators, pathologists, and other forensic science professionals. 

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Apr 062017
 

Essentials of Autopsy Practice: Reviews, Updates, and Advances


This book covers topical subjects within the field of death investigation, where changes in practice have recently occurred. As the area of dating of wounds has changed since the subject was addressed in a previous volume, this subject is revisited for the first time. The remaining subjects covered in this volume embrace the multi-disciplinary approach required for death investigation, and address advances in the field of forensic radiology imaging, pathology, and toxicology. There is also a chapter on cardiopulmonary resuscitation which explains clinical processes and procedures that may occur to an individual immediately before death that may have a bearing on the subsequent autopsy findings.

Essentials of Autopsy Practice: Reviews, Updates and Advances is an educational and practical resource aimed at trainees and consultants, generalists and specialists, and the new multi-disciplinary team alike.

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Oct 132016
 

Forensic Chemistry (Facts on File Science Dictionary)


Features: Used Book in Good Condition
By (author): PH D David E Newton

From the study of explosives and bodily fluids to drug analysis and fingerprints, chemical methods have played a major role in crime investigation in the last few decades. Forensic Chemistry examines the many ways these scientific techniques have infiltrated crime investigation in today’s world.This accessible volume examines the chemical characteristics of fuels and explosives, as well as arson-related methods; other ways of identifying criminals through chemical processes, including blood and bodily fluid analyses, the chemical characteristics found in fibers and hair, and latent and DNA fingerprinting; and the chemical properties of drug analysis. Biographical information on important researchers in the field is also included. This volume is an excellent resource for students interested in the chemical methods used behind the crime scene.
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Oct 072016
 

Death Investigation: An Introduction to Forensic Pathology for the Nonscientist


By (author): Ann Bucholtz

Death Investigation: An Introduction to Forensic Pathology for the Nonscientist provides students and law enforcement professionals with an accurate, clear overview of forensic pathology. It presents death investigation at the scene and autopsy, providing readers with a broad understanding of forensic pathology and giving them a clear picture of what happens after the examination of the scene. Readers learn what first responders should (and should not) do at the scene, and get a forensic pathologist’s perspective on the importance of preserving evidence. Death Investigation methodically explains what happens during autopsy to determine cause and manner of death ? including particulars of blunt force trauma, sharp force injuries, asphyxia, and gunshot wounds ? and how findings are presented in court. Written for a criminal justice audience by a practicing forensic pathologist and educator, Death Investigation makes challenging forensics concepts accessible to nonscientists.
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Oct 032016
 

Encyclopedia of Forensic Science (Facts on File Science Library)


By (author): Suzanne Bell PH.D.

Gathering the core topics of forensic science and providing an overview, this encyclopedia provides more than 12 essays that describe how forensic science relates to areas such as drug testing in sports, privacy concerns, misconceptions about forensic science, and the interface of forensic engineering and forensic science.
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Aug 112016
 

Practical Forensic Microscopy: A Laboratory Manual


By (author): Barbara Wheeler, Lori J. Wilson

Forensic Microscopy: A Laboratory Manual will provide the student with a practical overview and understanding of the various microscopes and microscopic techniques employed within the field of forensic science. Each laboratory experiment has been carefully designed to cover the variety of evidence disciplines within the forensic science field with carefully set out objectives, explanations of each topic and worksheets to help students compile and analyse their results.

The emphasis is placed on the practical aspects of the analysis to enrich student understanding through hands on experience. The experiments move from basic through to specialised and have been developed to cover a variety of evidence disciplines within forensic science field. The emphasis is placed on techniques currently used by trace examiners.

This unique, forensic focused, microscopy laboratory manual provides objectives for each topic covered with experiments designed to reinforce what has been learnt along with end of chapter questions, report requirements and numerous references for further reading. Impression evidence such as fingerprints, shoe tread patterns, tool marks and firearms will be analysed using simple stereomicroscopic techniques. Body fluids drug and trace evidence (e.g. paint glass hair fibre) will be covered by a variety of microscopes and specialized microscopic techniques.

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