The Making of a Neuromorphic Visual System

 Neurology/Neurosurgery  Comments Off on The Making of a Neuromorphic Visual System
Mar 222019
 

The reader is presented an approach to the construction of a visual system, which is behaviorally, computationally and neurally motivated. The central goal is to characterize the process of visual categorization and to find a suitable representation format that can successfully deal with the structural variability existent within visual categories. It does not define such representations a priori but attempts to show directions on how to gradually work towards them. The book reviews past and existent theories of visual object and shape recognition in the fields of computer vision, neuroscience and psychology. The entire range of computations is discussed, as for example contour extraction in retinal circuits, orientation determination in cortical networks, position and scale independence of shape, as well as the issue of object and shape representation in a neural substrate. Region-based approaches are discussed and are modeled with wave-propagating networks. It is demonstrated how those networks operate on gray-scale images. A completely novel shape recognition architecture is proposed that can recognize simple shapes under various degraded conditions. It is discussed how such networks can be used for constructing basic-level object representations. It is envisioned how those networks can be implemented using the method of neuromorphic engineering, an analog electronic hardware substrate than can run neural computations in real-time and with little power.
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PET/CT in Brain Disorders

 Neurology/Neurosurgery  Comments Off on PET/CT in Brain Disorders
Mar 212019
 

This well-illustrated pocket book offers up-to-date guidance on the clinical and research applications of PET/CT in the most common neurological and neuro-oncological disorders. The opening chapters cover the pros and cons of widely used radiological imaging techniques, scanners, and radiopharmaceuticals, with emphasis on the state of the art hybrid modalities, primarily PET/CT but also PET/MRI. Helpful information is provided on the clinical and research tracers used in neurodegenerative diseases, movement disorders, epilepsy and brain tumours. These four killers are then discussed in detail, highlighting the role of PET/CT and targeted tracers in their assessment and in radiotherapy planning. In addition, the clinical applications of PET/MRI are considered. Throughout, many images are included to better explain the diseases and the role of hybrid imaging, and the final chapter presents a large sample of teaching cases and files that will assist in daily clinical practice. The book has been compiled under the auspices of the British Nuclear Medicine Society. It will be an excellent asset for nuclear medicine physicians, radiologists, radiographers, neurologists and neurosurgeons.
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Emerging Trends in the Diagnosis and Intervention of Neurodevelopmental Disorders

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Mar 212019
 

by Sanjeev Kumar Gupta (Author, Editor), Srinivasan Venkatesan (Editor), S.P. Goswami (Editor), Rajeev Kumar (Editor)

Neurodevelopmental disorders encompass a group of conditions that can typically manifest during early childhood. These include intellectual disabilities, communication disorders, autism spectrum disorder (ASD), attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), specific learning disorder (SLD), and motor disorders. Early identification and assessment can be a valuable tool in determining diagnosis, prognosis, functional abilities, and formulating clinical intervention for both children and adults with neurodevelopmental disorders.

Emerging Trends in the Diagnosis and Intervention of Neurodevelopmental Disorders is an essential reference source that discusses and disseminates contributions covering recent trends in diagnosis, assessment, and intervention techniques. Featuring research on topics such as clinical linguistics, neural connectivity, and animal-assisted therapy, this book is ideally designed for speech pathologists, social workers, occupational therapists, psychologists, psychiatrists, neurologists, pediatricians, researchers, clinicians, and academicians seeking coverage on neural and developmental disorder identification and strategies for clinician support and therapies

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Computational Neuroendocrinology (Wiley-INF Masterclass in Neuroendocrinology Series)

 Endocrinology/Metabolism/Diabetes Mellitus, Neurology/Neurosurgery  Comments Off on Computational Neuroendocrinology (Wiley-INF Masterclass in Neuroendocrinology Series)
Mar 212019
 

Neuroendocrinology with its well defined functions, inputs, and outputs, is one of the most fertile grounds for computational modeling in neuroscience. But modeling is often seen as something of a dark art. This book aims to display the power of modeling approaches in neuroendocrinology, and to showcase its potential for understanding these complex systems.
A recurring theme in neuroendocrinology is rhythms. How are rhythms generated, and what purpose do they serve? Are these two questions inextricably intertwined?
This book is written for innocents, presuming no math beyond high school or computing beyond calculators. It seeks to lead the curious into the thinking of the modeler, providing the tools to the reader to understand models, and even develop their own, giving life to paper diagrams. The diverse chapters, from ion channels to networks, systems, and hormonal rhythms, each tell the story of a model serving to join the hard won dots of experimentation, mapping a new understanding, and revealing hidden knowledge.

• Written by a team of internationally renowned researchers
• Both print and enhanced e-book versions are available
• Illustrated in full colour throughout
This is the fourth volume in a new Series ‘Masterclass in Neuroendocrinology’ , a co- publication between Wiley and the INF (International Neuroendocrine Federation) that aims to illustrate highest standards and encourage the use of the latest technologies in basic and clinical research and hopes to provide inspiration for further exploration into the exciting field of neuroendocrinology.
Series Editors: John A. Russell, University of Edinburgh, UK and William E. Armstrong, The University of Tennessee, USA

• Written by a team of internationally renowned researchers
• Both print and enhanced e-book versions are available
• Illustrated in full colour throughout
This is the fourth volume in a new Series ‘Masterclass in Neuroendocrinology’ , a co- publication between Wiley and the INF (International Neuroendocrine Federation) that aims to illustrate highest standards and encourage the use of the latest technologies in basic and clinical research and hopes to provide inspiration for further exploration into the exciting field of neuroendocrinology.
Series Editors: John A. Russell, University of Edinburgh, UK and William E. Armstrong, The University of Tennessee, USA

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Neurology and Clinical Neuroanatomy on the Move

 Anatomy, Neurology/Neurosurgery  Comments Off on Neurology and Clinical Neuroanatomy on the Move
Mar 202019
 

The Medicine on the Move series provides fully flexible access to subjects across the curriculum in a unique combination of print and mobile formats ideal for the busy medical student and junior doctor. Neurology and Clinical Neuroanatomy on the Move provides sharply focused content equally suited to those studying the subject for the first time or revisiting it during exam preparation.

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Enabling Novel Treatments for Nervous System Disorders by Improving Methods for Traversing the Blood-Brain Barrier

 Neurology/Neurosurgery  Comments Off on Enabling Novel Treatments for Nervous System Disorders by Improving Methods for Traversing the Blood-Brain Barrier
Mar 192019
 

by Engineering, and Medicine National Academies of Sciences (Author), Health and Medicine Division (Author), Board on Health Sciences Policy (Author), Forum on Neuroscience and Nervous System Disorders (Author), Clare Stroud (Editor), Noam I. Keren (Editor), Lisa Bain (Editor)

Despite substantial advances in developing treatments for the serious illnesses that affect people worldwide, there remains a tremendous unmet need in the treatment of complex neurologic diseases, including neuropsychiatric and neurodegenerative disorders. Chief among the challenges that have hindered the development of therapeutics for central nervous system (CNS) disorders is the blood—brain barrier (BBB). The Forum on Neuroscience and Nervous System Disorders of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened a workshop to explore the challenges associated with the BBB that have thus far stymied development of CNS drugs, examine new technologies that could address these challenges, and highlight potential opportunities for moving the field forward. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop

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Neuropsychopharmacology and Therapeutics

 Neurology/Neurosurgery, Pharmacology  Comments Off on Neuropsychopharmacology and Therapeutics
Mar 182019
 

Neuropsychopharmacology is a relatively new subject area in the neurosciences. It is a field of study that describes the effects of drugs from the molecular to the behavioural level and requires integration and synthesis of knowledge from various disciplines including neuroanatomy, physiology, molecular biology, pharmacology and the behavioural sciences. The principal aims of this book are to provide students with a clear understanding of CNS disorders, and an appreciation of how basic and clinical research findings can be translated into therapeutics.

After an introduction to the subject area, the remaining chapters are focused on reviewing the main psychiatric and neurological disorders that are covered in most courses. They are discussed in terms of their clinical symptoms, epidemiology, pathology, aetiology, underlying neurobiological and neurochemical mechanisms, pharmacotherapy, adjunctive non–pharmacological treatments, and clinical outcomes. Each chapter of the book is a stand–alone chapter and is written in a clear, accessible style.

Written by an author with many years teaching and research experience, this textbook will prove invaluable for students of pharmacology, pharmacy and the medical sciences needing a truly integrated introduction to this exciting field.

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Absolute Epilepsy and EEG Rotation Review: Essentials for Trainees

 Neurology/Neurosurgery  Comments Off on Absolute Epilepsy and EEG Rotation Review: Essentials for Trainees
Mar 172019
 

This book contains the most essential information needed for an epilepsy/ EEG rotation. Chapters are formatted with bullet points and feature clinical pearls. Concise and easy-to-read, this quick reference provides neurology residents, clinical neurophysiology and epilepsy fellows, and other clinicians with the most critical information in epilepsy and EEG in a simplified, yet comprehensive format. Divided into two sections, the book first covers the diagnosis, characteristics, and treatment of epilepsy. The second section focuses on EEG placement, procedures, and patterns in various neurological disorders.
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Case-Based Brain Imaging (2nd edition)

 Neurology/Neurosurgery, Radiology  Comments Off on Case-Based Brain Imaging (2nd edition)
Mar 172019
 

Thieme congratulates Pina C. Sanelli on being chosen by New York magazine for its prestigious Best Doctors 2014 list. In a market full of case reviews, this one stands out because it provides more information, more detailed discussions of differential diagnoses, and more companion cases than its competitors, while still maintaining a good breadth of coverage. The cases represent a significant and timely upgrade from the first edition. Doody Enterprises, Inc. Case-Based Brain Imaging, Second Edition, an update of the highly regarded Teaching Atlas of Brain Imaging, has full coverage of the latest technological advancements in brain imaging. It contains more than 150 cases that provide detailed discussion of the pathology, treatment, and prognosis of common and rare brain diseases, congenital/developmental malformations, cranial nerves, and more. This comprehensive case-based review of brain imaging will help radiologists, neurologists, and neurosurgeons in their training and daily practice. Key Features: * More than 1,000 updated high-resolution images created on state-of-the-art equipment* Advanced CT and MR imaging introduces readers to current imaging modalities* Pathological descriptions of radiologic diagnoses help clarify the pathophysiology of the disease* Pearls and pitfalls of imaging interpretation for quick reference* Authors are world-renowned brain imaging experts Radiology residents, neuroradiology fellows preparing for board exams, and beginning practitioners will find this book an invaluable tool in learning how to correctly diagnose common and rare pathologies of the brain.
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Principles and Practice of Keyhole Brain Surgery

 Neurology/Neurosurgery, Surgery  Comments Off on Principles and Practice of Keyhole Brain Surgery
Mar 152019
 

Developed 20 years ago by leading innovators in the field, the keyhole concept of brain surgery has become an integral part of the practice of neurosurgery. This timely and comprehensive book covers the thinking, philosophy, and techniques of modern keyhole brain surgery, including a realistic assessment of its benefits and limitations. Written by expert practitioners and highlighted by vivid surgical illustrations and procedural videos, Principles and Practice of Keyhole Brain Surgery functions as an experienced mentor working side by side with neurosurgeons as they master the techniques. Special Features: * Introduces the basic principles of the keyhole approach, including the practical, technical, and logistical aspects of planning procedures and operating through small openings * Beautifully illustrated with nearly 900 endoscopic images, diagrams, surgical drawings, and operative photographs, many showing step-by-step procedures* Details the pivotal role of the endoscope in keyhole brain surgery and its ability to provide multiple angles of visualization, including a useful catalog of clinical situations where the endoscope has proven most effective* Demonstrates contemporary keyhole approaches (e.g. the eyebrow/sub-frontal approach) in procedures for supratentorial intra-axial brain tumors, tumors of the cribriform plate and orbit, parasellar masses, craniopharyngiomas, tumors of the middle fossa and cavernous sinus and many other conditions in the cranial base* Offers more than 100 procedural videos on the Thieme’s MediaCenter, narrated by the authors and aligned to chapters in the book for an unparalleled learning resource Providing all the information necessary to achieve surgical goals through well placed, smaller openingswith the added benefits of shorter procedures, fewer wound complications and better patient outcomesPrinciples and Practice of Keyhole Brain Surgery is essential for every neurosurgeon in practice today.
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