Jun 252016
 

Clinical Depression – A Medical Dictionary, Bibliography, and Annotated Research Guide to Internet References


This is a 3-in-1 reference book. It gives a complete medical dictionary covering hundreds of terms and expressions relating to clinical depression. It also gives extensive lists of bibliographic citations. Finally, it provides information to users on how to update their knowledge using various Internet resources. The book is designed for physicians, medical students preparing for Board examinations, medical researchers, and patients who want to become familiar with research dedicated to clinical depression. If your time is valuable, this book is for you. First, you will not waste time searching the Internet while missing a lot of relevant information. Second, the book also saves you time indexing and defining entries. Finally, you will not waste time and money printing hundreds of web pages.
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Jun 242016
 

Trauma, Culture, and PTSD


By (author): C. Fred Alford

This book examines the social contexts in which trauma is created by those who study it, whether considering the way in which trauma afflicts groups, cultures, and nations, or the way in which trauma is transmitted down the generations.  As Alford argues, ours has been called an age of trauma.  Yet, neither trauma nor post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are scientific concepts.  Trauma has been around forever, even if it was not called that.  PTSD is the creation of a group of Vietnam veterans and psychiatrists, designed to help explain the veterans’ suffering.  This does not detract from the value of PTSD, but sets its historical and social context.   The author also confronts the attempt to study trauma scientifically, exploring the use of technologies such as magnetic resonance imagining (MRI).  Alford concludes that the scientific study of trauma often reflects a willed ignorance of traumatic experience.  In the end, trauma is about suffering.
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Jun 242016
 

How We Think About Dementia: Personhood, Rights, Ethics, the Arts and What They Mean for Care


By (author): Julian C. Hughes

Exploring concepts of ageing, personhood, capacity, liberty, best interests and the nature and ethics of palliative care, this book will help those in the caring professions to understand and engage with the thoughts and arguments underpinning the experience of dementia and dementia care.

Dementia is associated with ageing: what is the significance of this? People speak about person-centred care, but what is personhood and how can it be maintained? What is capacity, and how is it linked with the way a person with dementia is cared for as a human being? How should we think about the law in relation to the care of older people? Is palliative care the right approach to dementia, and if so what are the consequences of this view? What role can the arts play in ensuring quality of life for people with dementia?

In answering such questions, Julian Hughes brings our attention back to the philosophical and ethical underpinnings of dementia care, shedding new light on the significance and implications for those in the caring professions, academics and researchers, and those living with dementia and their families.

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Jun 232016
 

Alternative Psychotherapies: Evaluating Unconventional Mental Health Treatments


By (author): Jean Mercer

Alternative Psychotherapies: Evaluating Unconventional Mental Health Treatments addresses concerns about current and newly-emerging mental health treatments that are considered “unconventional.” In a parallel to complementary and alternative medical treatments, alternative psychotherapies lack research support, are at odds with established information about human personality and development, and may actually be harmful. Professionals and students in the helping professions may find such treatments confusing and difficult to differentiate from emerging therapies that have not yet established a foundation of evidence; this is especially problematic if clients propose using unconventional therapies they have found on the Internet. Alternative Psychotherapies examines a series of unconventional treatments in terms of the research supporting them, their theoretical and historical backgrounds, and the potential or documented adverse events that may be associated with them. Therapies for both adults and children are included, and topics range from recovered memory therapies to bodywork to treatments for autism and to special education issues. Alternative psychotherapies frequently share certain historical backgrounds, and psychotherapists can use historical insights as well as an understanding of basic research rules and psychological theory to identify unconventional treatments other than the ones discussed. The book concludes with a discussion of the advantages and disadvantages of greater regulation of alternative therapies, as compared to the current situation in which few mental health interventions are banned or limited by law.
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Jun 232016
 

The Psychology of Time Perception


By (author): John Wearden

How do people perceive time? This book presents a wealth of contemporary and classical research, including some of the history and philosophy of time perception. Influential internal clock-based models of time perception receive an in-depth but non-technical introduction and discussion. The role of cognition and emotion in perceiving time is also explored, as well as questions derived from time experience in daily life, such as why time seems to pass more quickly in one situation rather than another. Classical and modern research on timing in children is reviewed, as well as work on time perception and time experience in older people. Leading recent models of animal timing are also discussed in a non-mathematical way. 

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Jun 232016
 

Drugged: The Science and Culture Behind Psychotropic Drugs


By (author): Richard J. Miller

“Morphine,” writes Richard J. Miller, “is the most significant chemical substance mankind has ever encountered.” So ancient that remains of poppies have been found in Neolithic tombs, it is the most effective drug ever discovered for treating pain. “Whatever advances are made in medicine,” Miller adds, “nothing could really be more important than that.” And yet, when it comes to mind-altering substances, morphine is only a cc or two in a vast river that flows through human civilization, ranging LSD to a morning cup of tea.

In DRUGGED, Miller takes readers on an eye-opening tour of psychotropic drugs, describing the various kinds, how they were discovered and developed, and how they have played multiple roles in virtually every culture. The vast scope of chemicals that cross the blood-brain barrier boggle the very brain they reach: cannabis and cocaine, antipsychotics and antidepressants, alcohol, amphetamines, and Ecstasy-and much more. Literate and wide-ranging, Miller weaves together science and history, telling the story of the undercover theft of 20,000 tea plants from China by a British spy, for example, the European discovery of coffee and chocolate, and how James Wolfgang von Goethe, the famous man of letters, first isolated the alkaloid we now know as caffeine. Miller explains what scientists know-and don’t-about the impact of each drug on the brain, down to the details of neurotransmitters and their receptors. He clarifies the differences between morphine and heroin, mescaline and LSD, and other similar substances. Drugged brims with surprises, revealing the fact that antidepressant drugs evolved from the rocket fuel that shot V2 rockets into London during World War II, highlighting the role of hallucinogens in the history of religion, and asking whether Prozac can help depressed cats.

Entertaining and authoritative, Drugged is a truly fascinating book.

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Jun 212016
 

Beyond Assessment of Quality of Life in Schizophrenia


This book fills a significant research gap in how to integrate quality of life data into relevant clinical care plans, and to broaden its applicability to pharmacoeconomic studies of antipsychotic medications and health policy decision-making. It also presents an argument for reformulating the concept of health-related quality of life in schizophrenia as a bio-psycho-social construct, which provides an opportunity to better explore the many factors underpinning the concept itself. 
Internationally renowned experts from different scientific backgrounds and scopes of expertise each make arguments for the need to invigorate quality of life as a concept in schizophrenia, by broadening its usefulness for clinical and research efforts. The book represents an important addition to the extensive contributions of its editors, Dr. A. George Awad and Dr. Lakshmi N.P. Voruganti, to the field of quality of life.
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Jun 192016
 

Brain Organization and Memory: Cells, Systems, and Circuits


This edited volume summarizes recent findings of leading researchers investigating the brain systems that underlie memory. The book reviews recent progress in understanding forms of memory in animals and humans and the interaction of cortical and subcortical systems in the regulation of memory. Special emphasis is given to the development of neural network models that attempt to link cells to systems in the representation of memory. The book will be an invaluable source for cognitive psychologists, neuroscientists, and students interested in this active and exciting area of research.
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Jun 162016
 

Psychotherapy Process: Current Issues and Future Directions


Whatever else it may be, psychotherapy offers a clear form of human com­ passion channeled through myriad assumptions about the causes and solu­ tions of human distress. There has, of course, been a longstanding debate about whether the psychotherapist is best described (and trained) as an artisan or a scientist. Volumes of scholarly argument have also addressed such themes as the essential ingredients of psychotherapy, the role of tech­ nique, the importance of client characteristics, and the significance of the therapist’s personality. Experts have defended a wide range of opinions on these issues and have mustered evidence to support their individual claims. The purpose of the present volume is neither to defend nor to expand any specific claim about psychotherapy. Rather, it is intended to be a heuristic compendium of contemporary views on this humane endeavor. At the most basic level of analysis, the field of psychotherapy research now faces three fundamental questions: 1. Is psychotherapy effective? 2. When and why is it effective? 3. How should psychotherapists be trained? The latter two questions obviously presume that the first can be answered affirmatively. Although I would hardly defend the generalization that all forms of psychotherapy are effective for all clients, it is equally clear that there is now ample warrant for the contention that some of the things we do in our fifty-minute hours seem to have positive effects.
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Jun 162016
 

Empathy in Health Professions Education and Patient Care


By (author): Mohammadreza Hojat

This welcome updated and expanded edition offers new findings and insights into this cornerstone of practice as well as effective tools for its clinical use. Spanning psychodynamic theory to neuroscience and evolution to medicine, the book defines empathy in the context of patient care, and both in its critical role as a human attribute and in its necessity in promoting change and healing. Theory and data link practitioner empathy with patients’ positive outcomes in areas such as provider trust, treatment adherence, clinical improvements, and quality of life. Author also provide convincing evidence in support of validity and reliability of the Jefferson Scale of Empathy for measuring the empathy of practitioners and students in the healing professions, and detail obstacles to developing and strategies for enhancing empathy among care providers. 

Among the topics covered:

• Definition of empathy in patient care.

• Conceptualization and consequences of empathy and sympathy in patient care.

• An evolutionary perspective, sociophysiology, and heritability of empathy.

• Measurement of empathy in the general population and in health professions-in-training, and in-practice.

• Interpersonal dynamics in clinician-patient relationships.

• Ten approaches to enhance empathy in Health professions education and patient care.

• Exploration of neurological underpinnings of empathy.

• Plus in-depth discussion of development, psychometrics, and correlates of the Jefferson Scale of Empathy.

An essential text in theory and applications, Empathy in Health Professions Education and Patient Care enhances the work of health professions students, faculty, and practitioners in a variety of disciplines such as medicine, nursing, dentistry, psychology, clinical social work, and other health professions.

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