The book provides a comprehensive reference on the neurobiological understanding of behaviour, how behaviour is regulated by the brain, and how such behaviours in turn influence the brain.
The work offers an introduction to neural systems and genetics/epigenetics, followed by detailed study of a wide range of behaviours – temperament and personality, instincts and drives, memory and cognitive function, sex and sexual differentiation, ethology and evolutionary biology, aging, drug abuse and other problematic behaviors, psychophysiology and ultimately the links to biological psychiatry and psychopharmacology. Research findings on the neural basis of social behaviour are integrated across different levels of analysis, from molecular neurobiology and neural systems/behavioural neuroscience to fMRI imaging data on human social behaviour. The content covers research on both normal and abnormal behaviours, as well as developmental aspects.
The target audience includes psychiatrists, neurologists, nurses, psychologists and all researchers and advanced students in behavioural, social and developmental neuroscience, as well as clinical neuroscientists.
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Features contributions from a variety of internationally recognized experts in behavioral medicine and related fields
Includes authors from education, social work, and physical therapy
Addresses foundational issues in behavioral medicine in Volume 1, including concepts, theories, treatments, doctor/patient relationships, common medical problems, behavioral technologies, assessment, and methodologies
Focuses on medical interface in Volume 2, including issues relating to health disorders and specialties; social work, medical sociology, and psychosocial aspects; and topics relating to education and health
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More people get into medical school with a Kaplan MCAT course than all major courses combined. Now the same results are available with Kaplan’s MCAT Behavioral Sciences Review. This book features thorough subject review, more questions than any competitor, and the highest-yield questions available. The commentary and instruction comes directly from Kaplan MCAT experts and includes targeted focus on the most-tested concepts plus more questions than any other guide. Kaplan’s MCAT Behavioral Sciences Review offers: UNPARALLELED MCAT KNOWLEDGE: The Kaplan MCAT team has spent years studying every document related to the MCAT available. In conjunction with our expert psychometricians, the Kaplan team is able to ensure the accuracy and realism of our practice materials. THOROUGH SUBJECT REVIEW: Written by top-rated, award-winning Kaplan instructors. All material has been vetted by editors with advanced science degrees and by a medical doctor. EXPANDED CONTENT THROUGHOUT: While the MCAT has continued to develop, this book has been updated continuously to match the AAMC’s guidelines precisely—no more worrying if your prep is comprehensive! MORE PRACTICE THAN THE COMPETITION: With questions throughout the book and access to one practice test, Kaplan’s MCAT Behavioral Sciences Review has more practice than any other MCAT Behavioral Sciences book on the market. ONLINE COMPANION: Access to online resources to augment content studying, including one practice test. The MCAT is a computer-based test, so practicing in the same format as Test Day is key. TOP-QUALITY IMAGES: With full-color, 3-D illustrations, charts, graphs and diagrams from the pages of Scientific American, Kaplan’s MCAT Behavioral Sciences Review turns even the most intangible, complex science into easy-to-visualize concepts. KAPLAN’S MCAT REPUTATION: Kaplan gets more people into medical school than all other courses, combined. UTILITY: Can be used alone or with other companion books in Kaplan’s MCAT Review series.
This book describes a sleep disorder belonging to the category of parasomnias (i.e. the sleep behavioral and experiential disorders) characterized by abnormal vocal and motor behaviors in the context of vivid dreams and loss of the customary muscle atonia during the stage of sleep called REM sleep. REM-atonia – one of the defining features of REM sleep, along with rapid-eye-movements and a highly activated brain state – serves a protective function, preventing the dreamer from acting-out dreams and becoming injured.
REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) was first described in 1986 by Schenck and colleagues; since then the understanding of the condition has increased exponentially, also pointing out its strong association with the development of neurodegenerative disorders characterized by alpha synuclein deposition, such as Parkinson’s disease, Dementia with Lewy bodies, and Multiple System Atrophy. Furthermore, RBD is now considered one of the earliest markers of ongoing alpha synuclein neurodegeneration, and provides a window of opportunity for testing disease modifying therapies that may slow down or halt the progression of these disorders for which there is currently no cure.
Additionally, RBD is today known to be present in more than 50% of patients with narcolepsy-cataplexy, and can also be triggered by the most commonly prescribed antidepressant medications (e.g. SSRIs, venlafaxine). RBD has been documented as occurring, with variable frequency, with virtually every category of neurologic disease and has also helped expand the field of dream research.
The volume Editors have pioneered scientific and clinical advances in the field and, partnering with leading sleep clinicians and researchers on this book, have produced an invaluable guide to specialists in sleep medicine, neurology, psychiatry and psychology. There are also strong contributions in this book by leading basic science researchers, and so this book should also appeal to neuroscientists. As stated in the book, “RBD is situated at a strategic and busy crossroads of sleep medicine and the neurosciences. RBD offers great breadth and depth of research opportunities, including extensive inter-disciplinary and multinational research opportunities…RBD is an ‘experiment of Nature’ in which knowledge from the study of motor-behavioral dyscontrol during REM sleep, with dream-enactment, has cast a broad and powerful light on a multitude of Central Nervous System disturbances, their evolution, and their comorbidities.”
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That children are capable of pathology―not only such conditions as ADHD and learning disabilities, but also such “adult” disorders as anxiety and depression―stands as a defining moment in psychology’s recent history. Within this recognition is the understanding that the social skills deficits that accompany these disorders must be targeted for assessment and treatment to ensure optimal functioning in school, with peers, and in later transitions to puberty and adulthood.
Social Behavior and Skills in Children cuts across disciplinary lines to clarify the scope of assessment options and interventions for a wide range of disorders. A panel of leading scholars reviews current research, discusses social deficits unique to specific disorders, and identifies evidence-based best practices in one authoritative, approachable reference.
– Discusses theoretical models of social skills as they relate to assessment and treatment.
– Analyzes the etiology of social behavior problems in children and the relation between these problems and psychopathology.
– Reviews 48 norm-referenced measures of social skills in children.
– Examines the range of evidence-based social skills interventions.
– Addresses challenging behaviors, such as aggression and self-injury.
– Focuses on specific conditions, including developmental disabilities, conduct disorders, ADHD, chronic medical illness, depression, anxiety, and severe psychopathology.
Social Behavior and Skills in Children is an essential reference for university libraries as well as a must-have volume for researchers, graduate students, and clinicians in child, and school psychology, special education, and other related fields.
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This authoritative handbook provides an up-to-date, interdisciplinary understanding of behavioral health issues and their management within disability systems. It examines today’s complex mismatches between providers, pinpointing related obstacles to relevant diagnosis, referrals, and care while making a solid case for better coordination and collaboration between primary care physicians and a wide range of disability and mental health specialists. Chapters review current findings on common job-related mental health and psychosocial issues, and guide readers through the tangle of insurance and legal concerns typically associated with disability cases. This elegant framework models more effective case management, leading to enhanced client satisfaction and functioning, and improved individual and system outcomes.
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