Epidemiology of Drug Abuse

 Epidemiology  Comments Off on Epidemiology of Drug Abuse
Apr 212020
 

As the drug abuse epidemic evolves, so do the tools needed to understand and treat it. Accordingly, Epidemiology of Drug Abuse takes the long view, cogently outlining what the book calls “the natural history of drug abuse” and redefining its complex phenomena to reflect our present-day knowledge. Twenty-six eminent contributors discuss the state and future of the field, balancing the practical concerns involved in gathering drug abuse data with the ethics of using the information.
– Current thinking on pathways and etiology, as well as medical, psychological, and social sequelae of drug abuse
– Proven, up-to-date methodologies for assessment
– Challenges of gathering data from high-risk and other user populations
– Sampling and application issues
– Uses, sources, and limitations of treatment data
– Analytical papers applying the methodologies to specific and global studies
– The role of epidemiology studies in developing prevention strategies
With this multifaceted approach to the subject, Epidemiology of Drug Abuse provides researchers and educators with a reference that sheds significant light on infrequently covered areas. In addition, its breadth and accessibility of coverage make it a teaching text suitable to courses in epidemiology, public health, and drug abuse.
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The Opioid Epidemic and the Therapeutic Community Model: An Essential Guide

 Epidemiology  Comments Off on The Opioid Epidemic and the Therapeutic Community Model: An Essential Guide
Mar 192020
 

This book aims to explore the evidence supporting the therapeutic community (TC) modality as a uniquely effective approach to care of individuals living with opioid use disorder and other addictions, and also to identify salient mediators of improved outcome, including long-term treatment and removal from the opioid-associated environment. The book includes multiple international perspectives and is designed for worldwide appeal―for countries that have established some TCs with success, those looking to improve care, and those looking to build them for the first time.
Written by experts in addiction psychiatry and medicine, this book describes the unique role of therapeutic communities in treating substance use disorders, how the model has changed over time and adapted to diverse sociocultural contexts and systems of care, and how the TC model may serve an important population in the context of the current opioid epidemic. The chapters are written so as to be accessible for clinicians across specialties and professions.
The Opioid Epidemic and the Therapeutic Community Model is an excellent resource for all professionals interested in diverse and effective models of care to treat opioid use disorder and other addictions, including addiction medicine specialists, psychiatrists, psychologists, rehabilitation administrators, hospitalists, social workers, public health workers, students, and the interested public

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PDQ Epidemiology, 3rd edition

 Epidemiology  Comments Off on PDQ Epidemiology, 3rd edition
Mar 142020
 

PDQ Epidemiology is an exceptionally clear and highly irreverent review of the important concepts of medical statistics and their impact on public health policy. As the authors note in their preface: “…the role of Epidemiology these days fills the gaping chasm between the scientific wisdom of the wet laboratory and the clinical wisdom of the ward.” By translating the terminology of epidemiology into easy to understand language, the common sense of the methods emerges and makes sense to students. Featuring unique examples, titled Convoluted Reasoning or Anti-intellectual Pomposity Detectors (CRAP Detectors), the text helps the reader identify studies with basic flaws in design or research.
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Applied Longitudinal Data Analysis for Epidemiology: A Practical Guide, 2 edition

 Epidemiology  Comments Off on Applied Longitudinal Data Analysis for Epidemiology: A Practical Guide, 2 edition
Mar 042020
 

This book discusses the most important techniques available for longitudinal data analysis, from simple techniques such as the paired t-test and summary statistics, to more sophisticated ones such as generalized estimating of equations and mixed model analysis. A distinction is made between longitudinal analysis with continuous, dichotomous and categorical outcome variables. The emphasis of the discussion lies in the interpretation and comparison of the results of the different techniques. The second edition includes new chapters on the role of the time variable and presents new features of longitudinal data analysis. Explanations have been clarified where necessary and several chapters have been completely rewritten. The analysis of data from experimental studies and the problem of missing data in longitudinal studies are discussed. Finally, an extensive overview and comparison of different software packages is provided. This practical guide is essential for non-statisticians and researchers working with longitudinal data from epidemiological and clinical studies.

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A Disease Called Childhood: Why ADHD Became an American Epidemic

 Epidemiology  Comments Off on A Disease Called Childhood: Why ADHD Became an American Epidemic
Jan 242020
 

A family therapist offers a surprising new look at the rise of ADHD in America, arguing for a better paradigm for diagnosing and treating our children.
 
Since 1987, the number of American children diagnosed with ADHD has jumped from 3 to 11 percent. Meanwhile, ADHD rates remain relatively low in other countries such as France, Finland, the UK, and Japan, where the number of children diagnosed with and medicated for ADHD is 1 percent or less. Alarmed by this trend, family therapist Marilyn Wedge set out to understand how ADHD became an American epidemic—and to find out whether there are alternative treatments to powerful prescription drugs.

In A Disease Called Childhood, Wedge examines the factors that have created a generation addicted to stimulant drugs. Instead of focusing only on treating symptoms, she looks at the various potential causes of hyperactivity and inattention in children, and behavioral and environmental—as opposed to strictly biological—treatments that have been proven to help. In the process, Wedge offers a new paradigm for child mental health—and a better, happier, and less medicated future for American children.

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Modern Environments and Human Health: Revisiting the Second Epidemiological Transition

 Epidemiology  Comments Off on Modern Environments and Human Health: Revisiting the Second Epidemiological Transition
Jan 172020
 

Written in an engaging and jargon-free style by a team of international and interdisciplinary experts, Modern Environments and Human Health demonstrates by example how methods, theoretical approaches, and data from a wide range of disciplines can be used to resolve longstanding questions about the second epidemiological transition. The first book to address the subject from a multi-regional, comparative, and interdisciplinary perspective, Modern Environments and Human Health is a valuable resource for students and academics in biological anthropology, economics, history, public health, demography, and epidemiology.

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Epidemiology: Beyond the Basics

 Epidemiology  Comments Off on Epidemiology: Beyond the Basics
Dec 282019
 

Written for those who are familiar with the basic strategies of analytic epidemiology, Epidemiology: Beyond the Basics takes readers through a more rigorous discussion of key epidemiologic concepts and methods such as study design, measures of association, research assessment, and more. With real-life examples throughout, the book avoids complex statistical formulations and is an invaluable resource for intermediate students and practicing epidemiologists who wish to expand their knowledge of epidemiology and its role in the medical and public health sciences.

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Reproductive Epidemiology: Principles And Methods

 Epidemiology  Comments Off on Reproductive Epidemiology: Principles And Methods
Dec 272019
 

 

Reproductive Epidemiology explores the range of methodologies used to collect data and conduct analysis on the distribution and determinants of reproductive-related health states or events in human populations. This unique book explores real-world reproductive health problems and provides readers with a guide on the use of methods appropriate for challenging and sensitive research topics, which include: sexual behavior, abortion, illicit drug use, and sexual abuse. Readers will come away with a clear understanding of the practical applications of epidemiology in the promotion of complete physical, mental, social, spiritual, emotional, and environmental health as they relate to the reproductive health system and its functions and processes. Key Features: Written for the students with minimal training in the biomedical sciences and statistics. Emphasis is placed on the application of the basic principles of epidemiology according to person, place, and time in order to solve current reproductive health problems. Guidance is provided on how to identify and describe reproductive health problems, formulate research hypotheses, select appropriate research study designs, manage and analyze epidemiologic data, interpret study results, and apply the results to preventing and controlling reproductive health problems.

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Infectious Disease Epidemiology: Theory and Practice

 Epidemiology, Infectious Diseases  Comments Off on Infectious Disease Epidemiology: Theory and Practice
Dec 272019
 

Now in its third edition, this comprehensive volume is recognized as the most authoritative review of the epidemiology of infectious disease. Divided into five sections that cover methods in infectious disease epidemiology, airborne transmission, diarrheal diseases, blood and body fluid as a reservoir of infectious diseases, vectorborne and parasite disease, the book includes ‘state-of-the-art’ chapters on methodological issues, pathogenesis, and comprehensive reviews of virtually all known infectious diseases.
New to the Third Edition:
1. All chapters updated with significant new information
2. HIV chapter completely updated including results of trials of Male Circumcision, HIV-vaccines, female condoms, Microbicides and new drugs
3. New chapter on Infectious Disease Eradication (e.g. Smallpox, Polio, Measles)
4. New chapter on Pneumococcal Disease (with material on S. pneumonia moved from the ARI and Vaccine chapters)
5. Influenza chapter updated with new material on H1/N1 and control/prevention of Influenza during a pandemic
6. Consolidation of material from the chapters on Outbreaks and Surveillance.
7. Nosocomial Infection chapter is shortened and updated with a new section on nosocomial/community MRSA
8. Malaria chapter updated with new information on bed nets, prophylactic therapy of pregnant women and other high risk populations as well as new detailed examination of the organization, implementation, and accomplishments of the WHO–Roll-Back Malaria program; and a new description of the 5th Human Malaria parasite–P.knowlesi and its Epidemiology.
9. STD chapter is updated with new information on the rapid diagnosis of STDs using urine PCR-methods as well as new information on partner prophylacitic treatment of STDs
10. New information in Chickengunya virus, Enterovirus 71, Nipah and Hendra virus infections to the Emerging infections chapter.
11. Hepatitis chapter is revised with new information on HEV virus
12. New brief chapter discussing the various models of behavioral change that are useful in Infectious Diseases research–e.g. Health Belief model etc.

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Epidemiology of Pediatric Sports Injuries: Individual Sports (MEDICINE AND SPORT SCIENCE SERIES)

 Epidemiology, Pediatrics, Sports Medicine  Comments Off on Epidemiology of Pediatric Sports Injuries: Individual Sports (MEDICINE AND SPORT SCIENCE SERIES)
Dec 102019
 

Epidemiology of Pediatric Sport Injuries reviews integratively the existing data on distribution and determinants of injury rates in a variety of sports, and suggests injury prevention measures and guidelines for further research. This volume focuses on individual sports, as the next volume will discuss team sports. Together the two volumes provide the first comprehensive compilation and critical analysis of epidemiological data over a wide range of childrens and youth sports. In this volume, the reader will find information on individual sports such as Equestrian, Gymnastics, Martial Arts, Skiing and Snowboarding, Tennis, Wrestling as well as Track and Field injuries. All the sports-specific chapters are laid out with the same basic headings, so that it is easy to find common information across chapters. The section headings include: incidence of injury; injury characteristics; injury severity; injury risk factors and suggestions for injury prevention and further research. Spor

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