Tag Archives: Radiology

Chest X-ray Interpretation for Radiographers, Nurses and Allied Health Professionals

Chest x-rays are among the most difficult plain film to report. This helpful book combines a simple introduction to the basics of chest x-ray reporting with a good number of sample cases, including actual radiographs. The book begins with the anatomy of the chest x-ray, as visualised on the posterior anterior and lateral images. This is followed by a short chapter on having a systematic approach when reporting chest x-rays, then the silhouette sign as described by Felson, then chapters on consolidation and collapse, heart failure, tumours, lung nodules, chest trauma, positioning of tubes, lines and pacemakers, chronic chest conditions and tuberculosis. Finally, there is a chapter that includes 60 cases for the reader to review. Today, many different healthcare professionals are involved in reviewing chest x-rays. This book will therefore be useful for advanced nurse practitioners, accident and emergency practitioners, and major trauma practitioners, as well as trainee radiologists, radiographers, trainee reporting radiographers and junior medics. Contents include: The radiographs and anatomy of the chest x-ray A systematic approach to reviewing the chest x-ray Felson s silhouette sign Consolidation and collapse Overview of cardiovascular disorders and heart failure Lung tumours Lung nodules Chest trauma Tubes, lines and pacemakers Chronic chest conditions Tuberculosis 60 cases

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Digital Radiography in Practice

by Quinn B. Carroll (Author)

Medical radiography programs will appreciate having an economical textbook that focuses on the practical aspects of digital radiography. Nearly all textbooks to date claiming the title digital radiography have dealt primarily with the managerial aspects of the topic at the expense of any practical information on how digital imaging works and its clinical implications for the daily practice of radiography. The goal of this book is to provide an accurate and adequate description of all the aspects of digital images and digital equipment, and their implications for radiographic technique and clinical application in a student-friendly way by providing crisp, clear illustrations along with readable text. Many of the lucid illustrations in this textbook are from the author’s comprehensive textbook, Radiography in the Digital Age (Charles C Thomas, 2018), to make digital radiography comprehensible to the student, but in this book the focus is only on digital topics and the facts are stated with such brief explanatory material as each topic will allow. Many digital topics are intimidating, and every attempt is made to reduce these topics to a descriptive, non-mathematical level that can be intuitively understood by the average student. A helpful glossary is included whenever a concise definition is needed for a particular term.

This is a textbook concentrating on digital imaging in a radiography department. As a radiographer I have used and reported both CR and DR images, and have been involved in departments transitioning between the two. The chapters are laid out in a good order, leading from the very basics of understanding the digital machine and how the images are produced, through to post-processing of images, and how they are best displayed, finishing with information about reporting screen quality, quality control for the machines and a final chapter introducing digital fluoroscopy. The information is worth the retail price. The content of each chapter is laid out well, with a good mix of pictures and diagrams breaking up the text. The use of radiography language helps to make it understandable, and walks you through the sometimes complex physics of image acquisition. There is good information on the capabilities and also the limitations of the equipment, and the quizzes at the end of each chapter help to cement the learning from the readings. There is an emphasis on image quality and an understanding that all radiographers should work to the ALARP principle, and how digital equipment can help this. It explains the issues with both under exposure and over exposure on image manipulation and reporting. As an American book it only mentions radiologists, but it is equally important for reporting radiographers to understand image manipulation. The information in the book would be beneficial to student radiographers and also has a place in the modern radiography department switching from CR to DR, or looking to understand the capabilities of their machinery and to get the best out of it. It will help with technical questions that may need to be asked of each manufacturer if new equipment is being sourced. I now understand more about the machinery and the imaging, and the relationship between the exposure index and the deviation index, and the limitation of manipulating the image at source for the reporter. The glossary at the end is a comprehensive list with explanation of all the terminology we should all be aware of and often use, and is a good reference point to help the all-round knowledge needed to understand DR imaging. –Hilary Rose, reporting radiographer, Weston Area Health NHS Trust / RAD Magazine / February 2020

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Radiologic Physics Taught Through Cases

High-yield, image-rich study guide presents complex physics concepts in reader-friendly format Physics is a key component of the American Board of Radiology core and certifying exams, therefore it is an essential area of study for radiology residents and young radiologists prepping for these exams. Radiology residents gather their medical physics knowledge from many sources, often beginning with their first encounter of a radiologic image. As such, Radiologic Physics Taught Through Cases by Jonathon A. Nye and esteemed contributors incorporates an image-rich, case-based layout conducive to learning challenging physics concepts. The book encompasses physical diagnostic radiology scenarios commonly encountered during residency in a format that fosters learning and is perfect for board preparation. Seven technology-specific chapters cover fluoroscopy, mammography, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, nuclear medicine, ultrasound imaging, and image processing. Each chapter features 10 succinct case-based topics intended to quickly convey information. Key Highlights Every chapter starts with a general introduction, followed by case background, images, findings, and a brief explanation of the physical factors underlying the image’s creation and displayed contrast Schematics detail important radiation safety topics, such as potential occupational or patient hazards related to fluoroscopic-guided procedures End-of-chapter references provide inspiration for further study Review questions with correct answers at the end of each chapter reinforce key concepts This is a must-have resource for residents prepping for the radiology core exam review and early-career radiologists looking for a robust study guide for radiology certification exam review. This book includes complimentary access to a digital copy on https://medone.thieme.com.



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On Call Radiology

On-Call Radiology presents case discussions on the most common and important clinical emergencies and their corresponding imaging findings encountered on-call. Cases are divided into thoracic, gastrointestinal and genitourinary, neurological and non-traumatic spinal, paediatric, trauma, interventional and vascular imaging. Iatrogenic complications are also discussed.



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General Radiography

With chapters from globally recognized academics, General Radiography shows the multifaceted approach to general radiography and how it enhances healthcare delivery. Potentially influential to how healthcare delivery is offered, it begins with the pertinent chapters examining image acquisition and dose optimization in diagnostic radiography. Next, chapters reflect and critically discuss aspects central to patient care, and imaging within trauma, critical care and pediatric situations. The final section of this book then explores the learning, teaching and education in the field of diagnostic radiography, with novel strategies illustrated.



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Fast Quantitative Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Among medical imaging modalities, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) stands out for its excellent soft-tissue contrast, anatomical detail, and high sensitivity for disease detection. However, as proven by the continuous and vast effort to develop new MRI techniques, limitations and open challenges remain. The primary source of contrast in MRI images are the various relaxation parameters associated with the nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) phenomena upon which MRI is based. Although it is possible to quantify these relaxation parameters (qMRI) they are rarely used in the clinic, and radiological interpretation of images is primarily based upon images that are relaxation time weighted. The clinical adoption of qMRI is mainly limited by the long acquisition times required to quantify each relaxation parameter as well as questions around their accuracy and reliability. More specifically, the main limitations of qMRI methods have been the difficulty in dealing with the high inter-parameter correlations and a high sensitivity to MRI system imperfections.

Recently, new methods for rapid qMRI have been proposed. The multi-parametric models at the heart of these techniques have the main advantage of accounting for the correlations between the parameters of interest as well as system imperfections. This holistic view on the MR signal makes it possible to regress many individual parameters at once, potentially with a higher accuracy. Novel, accurate techniques promise a fast estimation of relevant MRI quantities, including but not limited to longitudinal (T1) and transverse (T2) relaxation times. Among these emerging methods, MR Fingerprinting (MRF), synthetic MR (syMRI or MAGIC), and T1-T2 Shuffling are making their way into the clinical world at a very fast pace. However, the main underlying assumptions and algorithms used are sometimes different from those found in the conventional MRI literature, and can be elusive at times. In this book, we take the opportunity to study and describe the main assumptions, theoretical background, and methods that are the basis of these emerging techniques.

Quantitative transient state imaging provides an incredible, transformative opportunity for MRI. There is huge potential to further extend the physics, in conjunction with the underlying physiology, toward a better theoretical description of the underlying models, their application, and evaluation to improve the assessment of disease and treatment efficacy.



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Basic Radiology, Second Edition

Basic Radiology is the easiest and most effective way for medical students, residents, and clinicians not specializing in radiologic imaging to learn the essentials of diagnostic test selection, application, and interpretation. This trusted guide is unmatched in its ability to teach you how to select and request the most appropriate imaging modality for a patient’s presenting symptoms and familiarize yourself with the most common diseases that current radiologic imaging can best evaluate.

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Pediatric Radiology: Practical Imaging Evaluation of Infants and Children

Your accessible guide to the essentials of pediatric diagnostic imaging! Pediatric Radiology: Practical Imaging Evaluation of Infants and Children provides vital insights on how to diagnose both common and rare, congenital and acquired disorders in infants and children using the best imaging approaches available today. And, it does so in a highly concise, practical manner that makes this information easy to understand and apply. Contributions from a host of respected international authorities put the most relevant, expert information from around the world at your fingertips.Key Features
Diagnose essential pediatric disorders with comprehensive sections on pediatric neuroradiology, pediatric thoracic imaging, pediatric abdominopelvic radiology, and pediatric musculoskeletal radiology.
Compare your imaging findings to abundant representative examples of all appropriate modalities.
Find all the guidance you need on any topic through discussions of practical imaging techniques, normal anatomy and variants, imaging findings, and selected pathological features of congenital and acquired pediatric disorders in each chapter.
Review the clinical features and imaging findings for each disorder ; pathological correlations, when applicable; up-to-date management information; and, when relevant, differential diagnostic considerations and differentiating features, both clinical and radiological, between disorders that produce the similar imaging findings.
See how practical radiology principles apply to current practice through a collection of illuminating case studies.
Your book purchase includes a complimentary download of the enhanced eBook for iOS, Android, PC & Mac. Take advantage of these practical features that will improve your eBook experience:
The ability to download the eBook on multiple devices at one time — providing a seamless reading experience online or offline
Powerful search tools and smart navigation cross-links that allow you to search within this book, or across your entire library of VitalSource eBooks
Multiple viewing options that enable you to scale images and text to any size without losing page clarity as well as responsive design
The ability to highlight text and add notes with one click
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Women’s Imaging: MRI with Multimodality Correlation

The first complete reference dedicated to the full spectrum of women’s imaging topics

“Women’s imaging” refers to the use of imaging modalities (X-ray, ultrasound, CT scan, and MRI) available for aiding in the diagnosis and care of such female-centric diseases as cancer of the breast, uterus, and ovaries. Currently, there is no single reference source that provides adequate discussions of MRI and its important role in the diagnosis of patients with women’s health issues.

Thoroughly illustrated with the highest-quality radiographic images available, Women’s Imaging: MRI with Multimodality Correlation provides a concise overview of the topic and emphasizes practical image interpretation. It makes clear use of tables and diagrams, and offers careful examination of differential diagnosis with special notes on key learning points. Placing great emphasis on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), while providing correlations to other important imaging modalities, the comprehensive book features the latest guidelines on imaging screening and includes in-depth chapter coverage of:

-Pelvis MRI: Introduction and Technique
-Imaging the Vagina and Urethra
-Pelvic Floor Imaging
-Imaging the Uterus
-Imaging the Adnexa
-Imaging Maternal Conditions in Pregnancy
-Fetal Imaging
-Breast MRI: Introduction and Technique
-ACR Breast MRI Lexicon and Interpretation
-Preoperative Breast Cancer Evaluation and Advanced Breast Cancer Imaging
-Postsurgical Breast and Implant Imaging
-MR-Guided Breast Interventions
Providing up-to-date information on many of the health issues that affect women across the globe, Women’s Imaging will appeal to all general radiologists – especially those specializing in body imaging, breast imaging, and women’s imaging – as well as gynaecologists and obstetricians, breast surgeons, oncologists, radiation oncologists, and MRI technologists.

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Radiotherapy in Practice – Imaging

Imaging is a critical component in the delivery of radiotherapy to patients with malignancy, and this book teaches the principles and practice of imaging specific to radiotherapy. Introductory chapters outline the basic principles of the available imaging modalities including x-rays, ultrasound, CT, MR, nuclear medicine, and PET. Site specific chapters then cover the main tumor sites, reviewing optimal imaging techniques for diagnosis, staging, radiotherapy planning, and follow-up for each site. Chapters are co-authored by oncologists and radiologists specializing in a specific area to provide an authoritative view on the role of imaging in the patient’s journey and examples of relevant images are provided throughout. The important areas of radiation protection, exposure justification, and risks, are also comprehensively covered, exploring issues such as balancing radiation exposure with long-term risks of radiation effects, such as second cancer induction.

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