Minimally invasive surgery has evolved as an alternative to the traditional approaches in orthopedic surgery and has gathered a great deal of attention. Many surgeons are now p- forming all types of procedures through smaller surgical felds. Along with changes in the surgical technique, there have been rapid advances in computer navigation and robotics as tools to enhance the surgeon’s vision in the limited operative felds. With these new techniques and technologies, we must ensure that these procedures are performed safely and effectively with predictable clinical outcomes. This book has been expanded from our previous publi- tions to include spine and foot and ankle surgery, along with updated sections on knee arth- plasty, hip arthroplasty, and upper extremity surgery. The clinical information and surgical techniques, along with tips and pearls, provided by experts in the feld allows the reader to grasp a comprehensive understanding of the nuances of MIS. It is our intention that this text will be a valuable reference for all orthopedic surgeons.
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