Organism Models of Autism Spectrum Disorders (Neuromethods)

 Neurology/Neurosurgery, Uncategorized  Comments Off on Organism Models of Autism Spectrum Disorders (Neuromethods)
Oct 272019
 

As autism is associated with many rare diseases, this extensive bench book examines how no one single model can be used; multiple organism models are needed, each one corresponding to one of the diseases or to one aspect of a disease. Split into five sections, Organism Models of Autism Spectrum Disorders explores selecting the good species for the specific disease, modeling autism spectrum disorders (ASD) at the brain level, studying communication and social interactions, using vertebrates or invertebrate models of ASD as defined by DSM-5R, as well as pursuing models of diseases associated with an increased incidence of ASDs. Written for the respected Neuromethods series, this detailed volume contains the kind of insight and useful, practical advice that ensures more successful results in the lab.

Comprehensive and handy, Organism Models of Autism Spectrum Disorders will benefit psychiatrists and geneticists, as well as behavioral researchers who, realizing how important it is to improve their knowledge through more molecular approaches, are looking for the most suitable organisms.

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Functional Bladder Reconstruction Following Spinal Cord Injury via Neural Approaches

 Neurology/Neurosurgery  Comments Off on Functional Bladder Reconstruction Following Spinal Cord Injury via Neural Approaches
Oct 252019
 

One of the most common problems for spinal cord injury patients is urinary system dysfunction. The book Functional Bladder Reconstruction Following Spinal Cord Injury via Neural Approaches introduces how to solve this problem using multi-disciplinary approaches. From animal model studies to surgical techniques as well as successful case reports, six kinds of surgery are presented in separate chapters. This up-to-date monograph will be a valuable resource for surgeons, urologists and neurologists caring for spinal cord injury patients. The contributors are a group of surgeons working in the fields of orthopaedics and microsurgery. Editor Chunlin Hou is Professor in Changzheng Hospital, the Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, China.
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Neuroscience of Cognitive Development: The Role of Experience and the Developing Brain

 Neurology/Neurosurgery  Comments Off on Neuroscience of Cognitive Development: The Role of Experience and the Developing Brain
Oct 252019
 

A new understanding of cognitive development from the perspective of neuroscience
This book provides a state-of-the-art understanding of the neural bases of cognitive development. Although the field of developmental cognitive neuroscience is still in its infancy, the authors effectively demonstrate that our understanding of cognitive development is and will be vastly improved as the mechanisms underlying development are elucidated.
The authors begin by establishing the value of considering neuroscience in order to understand child development and then provide an overview of brain development. They include a critical discussion of experience-dependent changes in the brain. The authors explore whether the mechanisms underlying developmental plasticity differ from those underlying adult plasticity, and more fundamentally, what distinguishes plasticity from development.

Having armed the reader with key neuroscience basics, the book begins its examination of the neural bases of cognitive development by examining the methods employed by professionals in developmental cognitive neuroscience. Following a brief historical overview, the authors discuss behavioral, anatomic, metabolic, and electrophysiological methods. Finally, the book explores specific content areas, focusing on those areas where there is a significant body of knowledge on the neural underpinnings of cognitive development, including:
* Declarative and non-declarative memory and learning
* Spatial cognition
* Object recognition
* Social cognition
* Speech and language development
* Attention development

For cognitive and developmental psychologists, as well as students in developmental psychology, neuroscience, and cognitive development, the authors’ view of behavioral development from the perspective of neuroscience sheds new light on the mechanisms that underlie how the brain functions and how a child learns and behaves.

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Invariants of Behavior: Constancy and Variability in Neural Systems

 Neurology/Neurosurgery  Comments Off on Invariants of Behavior: Constancy and Variability in Neural Systems
Oct 232019
 

The study of the brain and behavior is illuminated with the discovery of invariances.
Experimental brain research uncovers constancies amidst variation, with respect to interventions and transformations prescribed by experimental paradigms.
Place cells, mirror neurons, event related potentials and areas differentially active in fMRI, all illustrate the pervasive role of invariances in neural systems in relation to their function.

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Dementia in Clinical Practice: A Neurological Perspective: Pragmatic Studies in the Cognitive Function Clinic Edition 2

 Neurology/Neurosurgery  Comments Off on Dementia in Clinical Practice: A Neurological Perspective: Pragmatic Studies in the Cognitive Function Clinic Edition 2
Oct 232019
 

This concise, pragmatic, pocket-sized book addresses neurological contributions to the diagnosis and management of dementia through a longitudinal examination of the work undertaken in a dedicated neurological dementia clinic.
It covers the use of cognitive and non-cognitive screening instruments and their diagnostic utility and the use of other diagnostic investigations: neuroimaging, neurophysiology and neuropathology. The diagnostic mix is discussed in terms of both neuropsychological syndromes and neurological diagnoses, as is the use of conventional treatments for dementia and the impact of national directives (e.g. NICE, National Dementia Strategy) on day-to-day clinical practice.
Dementia in Clinical Practice: A Neurological Perspective, Second Edition is an illustrated, practical resource for medical professionals involved in the assessment and management of dementia patients. It is of particular benefit to neurologists, psychiatrists, geriatricians, primary care practitioners and those working in the fields of neuropsychology, psychology, occupational therapy, speech and language therapy and nursing.

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Duus’ Topical Diagnosis in Neurology: Anatomy – Physiology – Signs – Symptoms (Repost)

 Anatomy, Neurology/Neurosurgery  Comments Off on Duus’ Topical Diagnosis in Neurology: Anatomy – Physiology – Signs – Symptoms (Repost)
Oct 222019
 

An expanded format highlights full-color anatomy and cutting-edge science for a new generation of medical professionals
The fifth edition of Duus’ classic title Topical Diagnosis in Neurology continues to provide a clear, integrated presentation of anatomy, function, and disorders of the central nervous system and serves as a quick reference for practitioners and trainees alike. It elucidates the neuroanatomical pathways that lead to specific clinical syndromes and demonstrates how solid anatomical knowledge combined with a thorough neurological examination can help localize a lesion and arrive at a diagnosis.
Features of the Fifth Edition:
– A modern, integrated, and interdisciplinary approach to topical neurologic diagnosis, showing how knowledge of basic neuroanatomy and neurophysiology can be applied in the clinical setting
– An enlarged page design that showcases more than 400 detailed anatomic illustrations including CT and MRI images of the highest quality
– A logical, thematic structure, with useful summaries at the beginning of each chapter and color-coded section headings that enable readers to distinguish between neuroanatomical and clinical material at-a-glance
– A collection of updated case studies, state-of-the-art imaging examples, and a new introduction to the principle components of the nervous system
– A wide range of study aids and clinical correlations that support the emphasis on integrative medicine in the current medical school curriculum
Topical Diagnosis in Neurology, Fifth Edition is an ideal reference for neurologists and neuroscientists who correlate neurologic diseases to anatomic location to complete a diagnosis or understand a clinical syndrome. It is also an essential tool for trainees and advanced students who need a solid grounding in key neurofunctional relationships.

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Deep Brain Stimulation for Neurological Disorders: Theoretical Background and Clinical Application

 Neurology/Neurosurgery  Comments Off on Deep Brain Stimulation for Neurological Disorders: Theoretical Background and Clinical Application
Oct 222019
 


Chronic electrical stimulation of the brain has demonstrated excellent outcomes in patients with Parkinson’s disease and has recently also been applied to various other neurological diseases.

This comprehensive, up-to-date textbook will meet the needs of all who wish to learn more about the application of deep brain stimulation and will provide a sound basis for safe and accurate surgery. The book comprises two main parts, the first of which presents relevant anatomical and functional background information on the basal ganglia, thalamus and other brain structures as well as on the mechanism of brain stimulation. The second part describes clinical studies on deep brain stimulation, covering results in a range of movement disorders and psychiatric diseases and also important aspects of instrumentation and technique. The authors are outstanding scientists and experts in the field from across the world.

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Molecular Pathology of Nervous System Tumors: Biological Stratification and Targeted Therapies

 Neurology/Neurosurgery, Pathology  Comments Off on Molecular Pathology of Nervous System Tumors: Biological Stratification and Targeted Therapies
Oct 212019
 

This book serves as a comprehensive guide to the rapidly evolving field of molecular neuropathology of nervous system tumors, as well as the underlying biology and emerging molecular targeted therapies. Special emphasis is given to already established and emerging molecular diagnostic tests in neuropathology, as well as molecular targeted therapies. The book is organized by clinico-pathologic disease entities, and each chapter is written by a team of experts in their field.

Molecular Pathology of Nervous System Tumors is of great value and utility for physicians and scientists involved with or interested in the up-to-date diagnosis and treatment of patients with brain tumors.

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Brain Imaging in Behavioral Medicine and Clinical Neuroscience

 Neurology/Neurosurgery, Radiology  Comments Off on Brain Imaging in Behavioral Medicine and Clinical Neuroscience
Oct 192019
 

Rapid developments in brain neuroimaging methods have occurred over the past decade. These advances have revolutionized cognitive and behavioral neuroscience, and are likely to have major influence on clinical psychological, psychiatric, and neurological practice over the coming years. There are a number of excellent books that focus on specific neuroimaging methods, such as fMRI. Furthermore, cognitive and neuroscience texts have increasingly incorporated functional brain neuroimaging. Yet, there are few books to date that consider and review emerging research in the application of brain neuroimaging methods for the study and assessment of behavioral and cognitive disorders. This book provides a broad coverage of current research trends in the clinical application of brain neuroimaging methods in the context of behavioral medicine, neuropsychology, and related areas of medical psychology. It uniquely integrates current neuroimaging methods and studies with current behavioral medicine research, and presents knowledge derived from recent developments in the fields of functional and structural brain imaging. By integrating information from experimental behavioral medicine with clinical insights, this book will serve as a source book for neuropsychologists, psychologists, neurologists, psychiatrists, and other professionals in both clinical practice and academic context. This integration results in the reader having a greater understanding of how the brain controls behavior, the disturbances of behavior that may occur with different disorders, and what clinicians should consider when assessing or working with patients with behavioral problems.

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Sleep Deprivation and Disease: Effects on the Body, Brain and Behavior

 Neurology/Neurosurgery  Comments Off on Sleep Deprivation and Disease: Effects on the Body, Brain and Behavior
Oct 182019
 

The cognitive and behavioral implications of sleep deprivation have been noted in the medical literature for many years. In addition, emerging research continues to demonstrate the contribution of sleep deprivation to some of the most common and costly health conditions today.
Sleep Deprivation and Disease provides clinically relevant scientific information to help clinicians, public health professionals, and researchers recognize the ramifications of sleep deprivation across a broad spectrum of health topics. This timely reference covers sleep physiology, experimental approaches to sleep deprivation and measurement of its consequences, as well as health and operational consequences of sleep deprivation. Clinical challenges and areas of uncertainty are also presented in order to encourage future advancements in sleep medicine and help patients avoid the outcomes associated with the myriad causes of sleep deprivation.

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