Nutrition and heart disease: Causation and prevention

 Nutrition  Comments Off on Nutrition and heart disease: Causation and prevention
Jul 252019
 

Heart disease is the primary cause of death and disability in Western countries. Research indicates that nutrition and diet play key roles in both preventing and causing many types of heart damage and dysfunction. By understanding the complex relationship between diet and disease, new prevention measures can be established and millions of lives can be saved.Featuring the most current knowledge from authoritative sources, Diet and Heart Disease: Causation and Prevention reviews the impact of nutrition and diet in the prevention and treatment of heart disease. The book explains how dietary agents such as fats and alcohol can increase as well as reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, discusses the effects of various nutrients, and presents information on special diets that have been known to affect cardiac health in populations around the world. Providing insight into myriad dietary factors related to cardiovascular disease, the text also addresses the ways that nutrition intervention and treatment directly influence heart health. This comprehensive desk reference will benefit nutrition and cardiovascular researchers, primary care physicians, and dietitians in the race to reduce this deadly disease.
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Principles of toxicology

 Toxicology  Comments Off on Principles of toxicology
Jul 252019
 

A fully updated and expanded edition of the bestselling guide on toxicology and its practical applicationThe field of toxicology has grown enormously since Industrial Toxicology: Safety and Health Applications in the Workplace was first published in 1985. And while the original edition was hugely popular among occupational health professionals, the time is ripe to address toxic agents not only in the industrial setting but also in the environment at large. Renamed Principles of Toxicology: Environmental and Industrial Applications, this new edition provides health protection professionals as well as environmental scientists with precise, up-to-date, practical information on how to apply the science of toxicology in both the occupational and environmental setting. Through contributions from leading experts in diverse fields, Principles of Toxicology, Second Edition features:Clear explanations of the fundamentals necessary for an understanding of the effects of chemical hazards on human health and ecosystemsCoverage of occupational medicine and epidemiological issuesThe manifestation of toxic agents such as metals, pesticides, organic solvents, and natural toxinsSpecial emphasis on the evaluation and control of toxic hazardsSpecific case histories on applying risk assessment methods in the modern workplaceAmple figures, references, and a comprehensive glossary of toxicological terms
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Sports nutrition: Vitamins and trace elements

 Nutrition  Comments Off on Sports nutrition: Vitamins and trace elements
Jul 252019
 

In competitive sports where an extra breath or a millisecond quicker neural response can spell the difference between fame and mediocrity, a number of myths have persisted around the impact of what might be considered megadoses of various vitamins and trace elements. We do know that a growing body of research indicates that work capacity, oxygen consumption, and other measures of physical performance are affected by a deficiency or borderline deficiency in specific vitamins or essential trace elements. However, when it comes to providing larger doses, the research is conflictedThe second edition of Sports Nutrition: Vitamins and Trace Elements, edited by two of the most respected experts in sports nutrition, provides an updated critical review of these reports. The latest volume of this highly popular work includes a collection of chapters written by top researchers from several academic disciplines. Applying their expertise in specific vitamin or trace element nutrition as it relates to exercise and sports, they weigh in on the full alphabet of vitamins as well as a variety of trace elements, incorporating the most recent research. This edition adds chapters on choline and iodine. It also emphasizes new findings on vitamin and mineral metabolic reactions and provides in-depth discussion on the overuse of vitamins to toxic levels and its effect on physical performance. Sports nutritionists, sports medicine and fitness professionals, researchers, exercise physiologists, students, health practitioners, as well as those lay-persons interested in optimal nutrition will find this book especially timely and highly helpful in sorting myth from truth.
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Surgery at a Glance, 5th Edition

 Surgery  Comments Off on Surgery at a Glance, 5th Edition
Jul 252019
 

This new edition of Surgery at a Glance provides a concise and visually–orientated summary of a comprehensive lecture course in surgery. Following the easy–to–use at a Glance format, each topic is presented with clear illustrations and key facts encapsulating all that you need to know. The book is coherently divided into clinical presentations followed by major surgical conditions. Exploring core principals and important diseases, it is an accessible companion to any surgery core text, and is ideally placed to support the current curriculum. Surgery at a Glance : • Features brand new chapters on Orthopaedics and updates on the management of surgical conditions • Includes more revision–friendly elements for quick reference • Is fully supported by a resource website at containing both MCQs and short answer questions

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Microbial inhabitants of humans

 Microbiology  Comments Off on Microbial inhabitants of humans
Jul 252019
 

Microbial communities (normal indigenous microbiota) inhabit those regions of the human body that are exposed to the external environment, including the skin, eyes, oral cavity and the respiratory, urinary, reproductive and gastrointestinal tracts. Consequently, the key anatomical and physiological characteristics of each body site are described throughout this book to reveal why particular organisms are able to colonize an anatomical region. The crucial roles of the indigenous microbiota in protecting against exogenous pathogens, regulating the development of our immune system and mucosae, and providing nutrients are also discussed.
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Neurologic Outcomes of Surgery and Anesthesia

 Anesthesiology, Neurology/Neurosurgery, Surgery  Comments Off on Neurologic Outcomes of Surgery and Anesthesia
Jul 252019
 

Most of the developments in perioperative medicine the 20th century were focused on the establishment of standard monitors, biomarkers, and outcomes measures for the cardiovascular and respiratory systems, with marked improvements in perioperative safety. The fields of anesthesiology and perioperative medicine have now shifted to the consideration of the nervous system. Complications such as delirium, cognitive decline, anesthetic neurotoxicity, stroke and other devastating nervous system events are only now developing significant scientific and clinical attention. Yet there has been no single reference to serve as a guide for the clinician or the investigator in this area.

Neurologic Outcomes of Surgery and Anesthesia fills this gap in perioperative medicine literature and provides a concise yet thorough overview of adverse outcomes involving the brain, spine, and peripheral nerves.

Rather than being organized by type of operation, each chapter in this invaluable resource is devoted to a specific adverse outcome. Every outcome is reviewed in an easy-to-follow format that includes an introduction to the clinical problem, a section on incidence, prevalence, and outcomes, an assessment of risk factors, discussions of preventive strategies, treatment, and current recommendations, a conclusion, and references.

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The Neurofeedback Solution: How to Treat Autism, ADHD, Anxiety, Brain Injury, Stroke, PTSD, and More

 Neurology/Neurosurgery  Comments Off on The Neurofeedback Solution: How to Treat Autism, ADHD, Anxiety, Brain Injury, Stroke, PTSD, and More
Jul 242019
 

A guide to neurofeedback for better physical and mental health as well as greater emotional balance, cognitive agility, and creativity
• Provides easy-to-understand explanations of different neurofeedback methods–from the LENS technique to Z-score training
• Explains the benefits of this therapy for anxiety, depression, autism, ADHD, post-traumatic stress disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, brain injuries, stroke, Alzheimer’s, and many other ailments
• Explores how to combine neurofeedback with breathwork, mindfulness, meditation, and attention-control exercises such as Open Focus
What is neurofeedback? How does it work? And how can it help me or my family?
In this guide to neurofeedback, psychologist and neurofeedback clinician Stephen Larsen examines the countless benefits of neurofeedback for diagnosing and treating many of the most debilitating and now pervasive psychological and neurological ailments, including autism, ADHD, anxiety, depression, stroke, brain injury, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and post-traumatic stress disorder.
Surveying the work of neurofeedback pioneers, Larsen explains the techniques and advantages of different neurofeedback methods–from the LENS technique and HEG to Z-score training and Slow Cortical Potentials. He reveals evidence of neuroplasticity–the brain’s ability to grow new neurons—and shows how neurofeedback can nourish the aging brain and help treat degenerative conditions such as Alzheimer’s and strokes. Examining the different types of brain waves, he shows how to recognize our own dominant brainwave range and thus learn to exercise control over our mental states. He explains how to combine neurofeedback with breathwork, mindfulness, meditation, and attention-control exercises such as Open Focus. Sharing successful and almost miraculous case studies of neurofeedback patients from a broad range of backgrounds, including veterans and neglected children, this book shows how we can nurture our intimate relationship with the brain, improving emotional, cognitive, and creative flexibility as well as mental health.

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Plants that Fight Cancer, Second Edition

 Oncology  Comments Off on Plants that Fight Cancer, Second Edition
Jul 242019
 

An increasing amount of cancer research is being directed towards the investigation of plant-derived anticancer compounds, many of which have been used in traditional herbal treatments for centuries. Plants that Fight Cancer is an up-to-date, extensive review of plant genera and species with documented anti-tumor and anti-leukaemic properties. Following an overview of the disease and the diverse methods of therapy and clinical testing, the book provides a detailed examination of the plants whose compounds are currently used in conventional cancer treatment, the species which show the greatest potential as future candidates, and other species with established anticancer properties. The third section explores each of more than 150 terrestrial plant genera and species, with a review of their traditional uses, mythology, botany, active ingredients, and product applications, along with photographs and illustrations and an analysis of expected results and risks. The text closes with a discussion of algal extracts and isolated metabolites with anticancer activity, a summary of published research for each species, and chemical structures of the most important compounds.
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Biochemical Pharmacology

 Pharmacology  Comments Off on Biochemical Pharmacology
Jul 242019
 

An integrated approach to the study of drug action mechanisms
Biochemical Pharmacology is a concise and contemporary textbook on the principles of drug action. It discusses representative drugs by example to explore the range of biochemical targets and mechanisms. The book explains some of the experiments that tell us how drugs work, and it outlines the physiological and pathological context that make those action mechanisms therapeutically useful.

Biochemical Pharmacology is intended primarily for students in biology and biochemistry at the advanced undergraduate or graduate levels. For classroom use, the illustrations from the book are separately available as PowerPoint slides. It is written in a conversational, vivid style that readily encourages students to explore this important area of medical science. Biochemical Pharmacology can also serve as an introduction for professionals in biosciences, as well as in pharmaceutical and health sciences.

Complete with numerous figures throughout the text, which are also available separately as PowerPoint slides, Biochemical Pharmacology:

Explains the role of pharmacodynamics, pharmacokinetics, and drug metabolism in drug action
Provides representative examples from the pharmacology of cell excitation, hormones, nitric oxide, chemotherapy, and others
Examines emerging applications of ribonucleic acids as drugs and drug targets
Discusses what researchers need to know about the problems of drug distribution, elimination, and toxicity
Biochemical Pharmacology is an important resource for anyone wishing to gain an in–depth understanding of drug action mechanisms and extremely useful for researchers wishing to explore some of the unanswered questions .

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Karch’s Pathology of Drug Abuse, Fifth Edition

 Pathology  Comments Off on Karch’s Pathology of Drug Abuse, Fifth Edition
Jul 242019
 

Written in the same accessible manner as previous editions, the fifth edition of Karch’s Pathology of Drug Abuse is an essential guide to the pathology, toxicology, and pharmacology of commonly abused drugs. The book focuses on the investigation of drug-related deaths, practical approaches to the detection of drug abuse, and discussions of medical complications associated with each of the abused drugs.

The Fifth Edition Now Features:
Completely revised with hundreds of pages of wholly new coverage Extensive discussion of new synthetic cannabinoids and cathinone derivatives Expanded coverage of the functional and molecular pharmacology of cocaine and myocardial remodeling Expanded discussion of deaths related to prescription medications Detailed suggestions on the interpretation of postmortem drug measurements Many new high resolution full-color photomicrographs Additional, helpful new appendices on standard reference values
Separate chapters are devoted to cocaine, naturally occurring stimulants, synthetic stimulants, hallucinogens, narcotics, anabolic steroids, disassociative anesthetics, solvent abuse, and marijuana. The book also offers detailed information on the origins, history, and production techniques used to make many of these drugs. Updated, revised, and newly illustrated, Karch’s Pathology of Drug Abuse, Fifth Edition is a must-have reference for research and practice related to drug abuse.

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