Chronomics and Continuous Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring: Vascular Chronomics

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Apr 262018
 

This fascinating volume applies the concept of chronomics to the medical treatment of hypertension. It starts with the recent updates on chronomics, the analytic techniques, and their application to community-based assessments. The authors advocate the use of 7-day/24-h records of blood pressure, which is effective for finding masked hypertension, masked morning surge, and other rhythm abnormalities. Most organisms, from cyanobacteria to mammals, are known to use the circadian mechanism. However, our body systems also demonstrate circaseptan (roughly weekly), circannual (roughly yearly), and even longer rhythms. Chronomics monitors the physiological data and then analyzes the superimposed rhythms, isolating the cycles mathematically to determine how organisms and their environment interact. It is the study of interactions among time structures (chronomes) in and around us.

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Evidence-based Research Methods for Chinese Medicine

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Apr 262018
 

This book is a practical guide to the evidence-based medicine (EBM) research methods that are applicable to Chinese medicine (CM). It includes 3 parts: clinical research, healthcare data research and laboratory research. In each chapter, it explains how to acquire, analyze and evaluate a specific kind of CM research result. Authors exemplify the most important methods with successful cases in transforming reliable data into new knowledge of CM. This book emphasizes the requirements for CM researchers to design and conduct CM studies by following the best available principles, standards and guidelines.
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Positive Psychology for Overcoming Depression

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Apr 232018
 

One in two people in the developed world will experience depression in their lifetime. This book is aimed at the millions suffering mild-to-moderate depression as well as those who want to protect themselves against persistent low moods.

It explains key strategies to help you not only overcome depression but also reduce the chances of it occurring or recurring. As you practise the simple yet highly-effective exercises that positive psychologist Miriam Akhtar suggests, you will find your mood lifts naturally, your confidence, resilience, positivity and strength grow, and your outlook becomes more optimistic. These strategies come not only from the author’s professional practice as a positive psychologist and coach, but also her background as someone who has suffered from depression herself.

The book begins by explaining the principles of Positive Psychology, which is the scientific study of optimal functioning – what it takes to feel good, function well and flourish. It then goes on to focus on how its simple but profound techniques, from savouring positive events, consciously expressing gratitude for everyday experiences, practising meditation, and working on developing optimism and cultivating resilience in the face of difficulties, can help to prevent depression arising or, if you are already experiencing the blues, reduce your symptoms and allow the sun to shine on your life once more. Throughout the book she brings these concepts to life by providing real-life case studies that show you how you can work her ideas into your daily routine.

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Clinician’s Manual on Restless Legs Syndrome, Second Edition

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Apr 222018
 


Information-packed, pocket-sized guide is ideal for busy physicians and trainees working in a clinical setting
Contains evidence-based overview of treatment options, including recent trials and major drug developments
Full color images and figures enhance and encourage clinical application of vital information presented in the book

Written by renowned expert in the field, this handbook is an clinically relevant introduction to restless legs syndrome. Comprised of evidence-based recommendations for diagnosis, treatment and long-term disease management, this publication is an ideal educational resource for busy medical professionals and trainees who wish to become more familiar with this relatively common condition. International treatment guidelines and recent drug developments are also included in this concise yet comprehensive overview of the management of restless legs syndrome.

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New Horizons in Patient Safety

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Apr 222018
 

This case studies book is an indispensable resource for educators, students, and practitioners of nursing. It is innovative in its application of lessons from the communication sciences to common challenges in the delivery of safe patient care. The authors apply basic tenets of human communication to the context of nursing to provide a foundation for practices that can advance the safety and quality of care. The cases, which describe “”close calls”” and adverse events, are organized along the continuum of healthcare delivery, providing quick access to solutions in commonly encountered care situations. Each case is accompanied by a discussion of how skillful communication can be key to preventing and recovering from errors and adverse events. Thought-provoking discussion questions and references for further reading make this book a valuable reference for nursing educators, students, and practitioners across the world.

Review
This book provides essential insights and experiential learning for practitioners, undergraduate and graduate students of nursing. If adopted broadly in schools of nursing, it can make a huge impact on improving patient safety. –Patricia Benner, R.N., Ph.D., FAAN, Professor, Emerita, Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, University of California, San Francisco clinical practice

About the Author
Annegret F. Hannawa, Lugano, Switzerland Anne Wendt, River Forest, USA.

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Sleep Medicine

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Apr 182018
 

Sleep is an activity that is exhibited by virtually all animal species, but our understanding of its true function remains unclear. What is better understood are the effects on a range of human and animal biological systems when sleep is degraded or curtailed. These effects are observed in the form of sleep loss and sleep disorders.

This textbook describes the basic physiology of sleep and the range of sleep disorders and their consequences. Importantly, an overview of the impact of sleep and its disorders on human functioning across organs, systems, and physiological states is provided. These often prove to be bi-directional interactions that obscure direct cause and effect relationships and challenge our ability to understand the consequences of sleep decrements. Despite an explosion of knowledge and emerging respect for the importance of sleep to human health, much remains to be understood about it and the full effects of its derangements.

Although much of the material presented is internationally applicable, the book is written from an Australasian perspective. Over the last thirty years in particular, significant contributions to sleep medicine have come from Australia and New Zealand; achievements from these countries in physiology, clinical research, and biotechnology, feature prominently. Public health and community prevalence of sleep disorders similarly focus on Australasia, with relevant comparisons to the international setting.

Those seeking a broad understanding of sleep medicine – emerging sleep clinicians, tertiary students in health sciences and psychology – will find the book invaluable. Chapters convey essential concepts and principles without exhaustive detail. Where appropriate, further reading is referenced. In several chapters, an expert overview is provided of more complex areas – neurobiology of sleep, genetics, functions of sleep, and disorders of breathing during sleep – that will challenge those already proficient in sleep medicine.

ABOUT THE AUTHORS:
A/Professor Darren R Mansfield, Deputy Director, Monash Lung and Sleep, head, Monash Health Sleep Unit, Director, Epworth Sleep Centre, Melbourne.
Professor Nick Antic, until his death shortly before publication of this book, Clinical Director, Adelaide Institute for Sleep Health.
Shantha M W Rajaratnam, Professor of Sleep and Circadian Medicine, School of Psychological Sciences, Monash University, Melbourne.
Matthew T Naughton, head, General Respiratory and Sleep Medicine, Alfred Hospital, adjunct professor of medicine, Monash University, Melbourne.

 

 

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Hyperparathyroidism: A Clinical Casebook

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Apr 172018
 

A cased-based, practical guide to the management of hyperparathyroidism (HPT)
Comprised of cases involving primary, secondary and tertiary HPT, including HPT induced by or associated with existing conditions
An excellent resource for practicing clinicians, residents and students alike

Comprised exclusively of clinical cases involving hyperparathyroidism, this concise, practical casebook will provide clinicians in endocrinology with the best real-world strategies to properly diagnose and treat the various forms of the condition they may encounter. Each chapter is a case that opens with a unique clinical presentation, followed by a description of the diagnosis, assessment and management techniques used to treat it, as well as the case outcome and clinical pearls and pitfalls. Cases included illustrate primary, secondary and tertiary forms of hyperparathyroidism, as well as HPT as a comorbid or co-existing condition and as a result of treatment of other conditions. Pragmatic and reader-friendly, Hyperparathyroidism: A Clinical Casebook will be an excellent resource for endocrinologists and family medicine physicians alike.

 

 

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Extracellular Matrix for Tissue Engineering and Biomaterials

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Apr 162018
 

This volume provides a state-of-art-report on the new methodologies in tissue engineering and developments in the biomaterials field based on the extracellular matrix-relevant discovery. Extracellular Matrix for Tissue Engineering and Biomaterials opens with an overview of the latest extracellular matrix research and in Part I, focuses on its biology and its role on cell behavior and cell fate relevant for the design of biomimetic surfaces.
Part II details issues regarding the strategies currently applied in the research of biologically inspired materials and material systems for the replacement, repair and regeneration of tissues and organs. Part III presents the latest development methods applying knowledge from biology towards nanotechnology, to promote the restoration of the functionality of a living tissue. The book ranges from fundamental biology associated with tissue regeneration for the development of biomimetic approaches to controlling tissue formation, cell function, differentiation and angiogenesis using factors involved in normal tissue development and function. With the breadth and depth of the coverage of this topic, this book will serve as a valuable reference for anyone working in tissue engineering or biomaterials – from scientists, chemists and biologists through physicists, bioengineers and clinicians.

 

 

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Metal Allergy: From Dermatitis to Implant and Device Failure

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Apr 162018
 

This volume opens by providing a comprehensive overview of the use and regulation of metals in our society, metal properties, and available testing methodologies. Common and uncommon metal allergens and sources of exposure are then reviewed in depth, detailing allergic responses and paying special consideration to select patient populations. In the general population, the prevalence of metal allergy is high. Environmental sources of metal exposure include jewelry, clothing, electronic devices, coins, leather, diet, and occupational exposure.
Metal allergy may result in allergic contact dermatitis and systemic contact dermatitis, as well as several less common manifestations. Further, metal allergy has been associated with device failure and/or dermatitis following implantation of medical devices and dental implants. As metals are ubiquitous, this book will be indispensable for a wide range of clinicians and investigators. This handy reference will meet the needs of all health professionals and investigators who are interested in metal allergy and its diagnosis and management.

 

 

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The Economics of US Health Care Policy

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Apr 152018
 

In this book, Phelps and Parente explore the US health care system and set out the case for its reform. They trace the foundations of today’s system, and show how distortions in the incentives facing participants in the health care market could be corrected in order to achieve lower costs, a higher quality of care, a higher level of patient safety, and a more efficient allocation of health care resources.

Phelps and Parente propose novel yet economically robust changes to US tax law affecting health insurance coverage and related issues. They also discuss a series of specific improvements to Medicare and Medicaid, and assess potential innovations that affect all of health care, including chronic disease management, fraud and abuse detection, information technology, and other key issues.

The Economics of US Health Care Policy will be illuminating reading for anyone with an interest in health policy, and will be a valuable supplementary text for courses in health economics and health policy, including for students without advanced training in economics

About the Author
Charles E. Phelps was elected to the Institute of Medicine (now the National Academy of Medicine) in 1991. From 1984 to 2010 he was on the faculty of the University of Rochester (NY), in the departments of economics, political science, and public health sciences, and he served for 13 years as Provost (Chief Academic Officer) and is University Professor and Provost Emeritus at the University of Rochester, USA.

Stephen T. Parente is Professor of Finance at Carlson School of Management, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, USA. In Washington DC, he has served as Governing Chair of the Health Care Cost Institute, a US Congressional Budget Office health advisor, a senior health policy advisor to Senator John McCain (R-AZ) and a legislative fellow for Senator John D. Rockefeller IV (D-WV).

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