Elastic: Flexible Thinking in a Time of Change

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Mar 222018

From the best-selling author of Subliminal and The Drunkard’s Walk comes a groundbreaking look at the psychology and neuroscience of change, and at how tapping into elastic thinking will help us thrive in the modern world.

Drawing on cutting-edge research, Leonard Mlodinow takes us on an illuminating journey through the mechanics of our minds as we navigate the rapidly changing landscapes around us. Out of the exploratory instincts that allowed our ancestors to prosper hundreds of thousands of years ago, humans developed a cognitive style that Mlodinow terms elastic thinking, a unique set of talents that include neophilia (an affinity for novelty), schizotypy (a tendency toward unusual perception), imagination and idea generation, and divergent and integrative thinking. These are the qualities that enabled innovators from MaryShelley to Miles Davis, from the inventor of jumbo-sized popcorn to the creators of Pokémon Go, to effect paradigm shifts in our culture and society. In our age of unprecedented technological innovation and social change, it is more important than ever to encourage these abilities and traits.

How can we train our brains to be more comfortable when confronting change and more adept at innovation? How do our brains generate new ideas, and how can we nurture that process? Why can diversity and even discord be beneficial to our thought process? With his keen acumen and quick wit, Leonard Mlodinow gives us the essential tools to harness the power of elastic thinking in an endlessly dynamic world.






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Community-Based Participatory Research for Health, Third Edition

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Mar 222018

The definitive guide to CBPR concepts and practice, updated and expanded

Community-Based Participatory Research for Health: Advancing Health and Social Equity provides a comprehensive reference for this rapidly growing field in participatory and community-engaged research. Hailed as effective by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, CBPR and CEnR represent the link between researchers and community and lead to improved public health outcomes.

This book provides practitioner-focused guidance on CBPR and CEnR to help public health professionals, students, and practitioners from multiple other clinical, planning, education, social work, and social science fields to successfully work towards social and health equity.

With a majority of new chapters, the book provides a thorough overview of CBPR history, theories of action and participatory research, emerging trends of knowledge democracy, and promising practices. Drawn from a ten-year research effort, this new material is organized around the CBPR Conceptual Model, illustrating the importance of social context, promising partnering practices, and the added value of community and other stakeholder engagement for intervention development and research design. Partnership evaluation, measures, and outcomes are highlighted, with a revised section on policy outcomes, including global health case studies.

For the first time, this updated edition also includes access to the companion website, featuring lecture slides of conceptual and partnership evaluation-focused chapters, with resources from appendices to help bring CBPR concepts and practices directly into the classroom.

Proven effective year after year, CBPR has become a critically important framework for public health, and this book provides clear reference for all aspects of the practice. Readers will:
Examine the latest research on CPBR, and incorporate new insights into practice
Understand the history and theoretical basis of CPBR, and why it has been so effective
Reflect on critical issues of racism, power, and privilege; trust development; ethical practice within and beyond IRBs; and cultural humility
Learn new partnership evaluation and collective reflection strategies, including measures and metrics, to enhance their own practice for improved health and social equity outcomes

“Community Based Participatory Research for Health gives practitioners and researchers the methods, tools, and practical applications to preserve social justice as the ethical foundation of public health.”
— Marshall Kreuter, adjunct professor, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, and former Distinguished Scientist-Fellow, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

“This book is an invaluable resource for the growing number of communities, funders, and researchers interested in collaborative research. It shows readers how to put CBPR into practice.”
— Roz D. Lasker, M.D., director, Center for the Advancement of Collaborative Strategies in Health, The New York Academy of Medicine

“This volume marks a new milestone in the history of participatory research. The editors have created a resource that will be of interest to scholars and practitioners around the world who are seeking to create more democratic, community-driven approaches to research, public policy, and social action.”
— John Gaventa, fellow, Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex

“This intricately constructed book codifies the CBPR approach for public health scientists and practitioners alike.”
— Eugenia Eng, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina

“This book is a very comprehensive resource, for a number of fields, on the theory and practice of community based participatory research. It is a resource for students and practitioners alike.”
— Lorraine Gutierrez, Thurnau Professor, School of Social Work and Department of Psychology, University of Michigan

About the Author
Nina Wallerstein, DrPH, MPH, is a professor of public health in the College of Population Health and the Director of the Center for Participatory Research at the University of New Mexico.

Bonnie Duran, DrPH, is a Professor in the School of Social Work at the University of Washington, and is also Director of the Center for Indigenous Health Research at the Indigenous Wellness Research Institute.

John G. Oetzel, PhD, is a Professor in the Department of Management Communication in the Waikato Management School at the University of Waikato in Hamilton, New Zealand.

Meredith Minkler, DrPH, is Professor Emerita of Health and Social Behavior in the School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley.










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Transgenic Ascidians

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Mar 222018

This book comprehensively describes the transgenesis techniques and applied experimental methods in ascidians including enthusiastically developed original devices in addition to concrete examples of developmental biology studies.
Ascidians have been one of the most important model animals in developmental biology for studying molecular and cellular processes underlying formation of the chordate body plan. Transgenic techniques such as microinjection, electropolation, cis-element analysis and application, and TALENs and CRISPR/Cas9 have been developed in ascidians for more than 20 years, and now many applied methods, some of which are unique in ascidians, have been accumulated. Those extensive technological innovations, such as cell isolation, cell labeling, germ-line transformation, marker transgenic lines, and the experimental systems for studying notochord formation and nervous system, are exceptional particularly in marine invertebrates.

This book is useful for ascidian researchers to quickly access the techniques in which they are interested as well as to compare each technology to become familiar with specialized tips, and for biologists of other organisms to learn the unique techniques and ingenious attempts specific to ascidians. Providing detailed and easily understandable descriptions of techniques, the book will inspire ascidian specialists to improve their techniques, encourage anyone wanting to begin studying ascidians, and enable readers to immediately apply the techniques to the organisms they research.








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EMT-Basic Exam Review

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Mar 222018

If you want the highest score possible on the EMT-Basic exam, there’s no better study partner than McGraw-Hill Education’s EMT-Basic Exam Review book. Based on in-the-trenches insights from a seasoned EMT instructor, this streamlined, skill-building study guide helps you think through pre-hospital medicine while covering every must-know topic on the exam. Each chapter begins with a clinical scenario followed by a bulleted overview of key topics and is summarized by retention-enhancing Q&As at the end of every chapter. Also included are valuable exam preparation tips, the do’s and don’ts of answering multiple-choice questions, plenty of clinical pearls, and photographs to help you identify critical instruments and equipment.

Now thoroughly updated and revised, the third edition of McGraw-Hill Education’s EMT-Basic Exam Review comes with an online question bank that allows you to choose your questions by topic and pinpoint your strengths and weaknesses, which is an ideal way to prepare for the exam. McGraw-Hill Education’s EMT-Basic Exam Review is packed with everything you need to boost your confidence—and your score.

High-yield outline format covers content comprehensively and concisely and is bolstered by Q&A, clinical scenarios, and easy-to-remember bulleted content
Up-to-date coverage of recent changes in the core curriculum
Includes a150-question practice exam at the end of the book that prepares you for a computerized test environment, plus an online question bank with over 200 practice questions.






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The Social Determinants of Health in India: Concepts, Processes, and Indicators

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Mar 172018

Drawing from the work of academics and practitioners from ten states across the country, this edited volume showcases and synthesises the diversity and richness of efforts to understand and act on the social determinants of health in India, the conditions in which we are born, grow, live work and age. Such an effort is salient in the current era of Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), which have foregrounded the issue of equity and the need for a comprehensive, multi-sectoral agenda for health and development. In India, particularly in the last decade, there have been myriad efforts to more critically theorise and intervene in areas with bearing on health, like conflict, nutrition or urbanisation, or to address the concerns of vulnerable groups like women, children and the elderly. From these efforts emerge lessons of convergence for academic and policymaking institutions in India who are looking to operationalise and bring life to the SDG agenda in India and other Low and Middle Income Country settings. The book comprises eleven chapters and six short commentaries that appear in conversation with each other, as well as an annexure of validated, ready-to-use indicators for monitoring of social determinants of health.






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Clearing the Smoke: Assessing the Science Base for Tobacco Harm Reduction

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Mar 162018

This volume addresses the problems in evaluating whether such products actually do reduce the health risks of tobacco use. This book looks at the types of products that could reduce harm and reviews the available evidence for their impact on various forms of cancer and other major ailments. It also recommends approaches to governing these products and tracking their public health effects.

Despite overwhelming evidence of tobacco’s harmful effects and pressure from anti-smoking advocates, current surveys show that about one-quarter of all adults in the United States are smokers. This audience is the target for a wave of tobacco products and pharmaceuticals that claim to preserve tobacco pleasure while reducing its toxic effects.

Within the context of regulating such products, the book explores key questions:
– Does the use of such products decrease exposure to harmful substances in tobacco?
– Is decreased exposure associated with decreased harm to health?
– Are there surrogate indicators of harm that could be measured quickly enough for regulation of these products?
– What are the public health implications?

With an attitude of healthy skepticism, this book will be important to health policy makers, public health officials, medical practitioners, manufacturers and marketers of “reduced-harm” tobacco products, and anyone trying to sort through product claims.



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Biomimetic Prosthetics

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Mar 162018

This volume is dedicated to biomimetic prosthetics – advanced devices that mimic the physical and functional properties of the replaced limb, thus restoring near-natural form and function. This flourishing field of research will continue to play an important role in improving quality of life, independence, and community participation for individuals with disabilities.

This humble compilation showcases a few representative examples of progress in this exciting field.



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Transitioning Toward Sustainability

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Mar 152018



In 1999 the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine released a landmark report, Our Common Journey: A Transition toward Sustainability, which attempted to “reinvigorate the essential strategic connections between scientific research, technological development, and societies’ efforts to achieve environmentally sustainable improvements in human well-being. The report emphasized the need for place-based and systems approaches to sustainability, proposed a research strategy for using scientific and technical knowledge to better inform the field, and highlighted a number of priorities for actions that could contribute to a sustainable future.

The past 15 years have brought significant advances in observational and predictive capabilities for a range of natural and social systems, as well as development of other tools and approaches useful for sustainability planning. In addition, other frameworks for environmental decision making, such as those that focus on climate adaptation or resilience, have become increasingly prominent. A careful consideration of how these other approaches might intersect with sustainability is warranted, particularly in that they may affect similar resources or rely on similar underlying scientific data and models.

To further the discussion on these outstanding issues, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened a workshop on January 14—15, 2016. Participants discussed progress in sustainability science during the last 15 years, potential opportunities for advancing the research and use of scientific knowledge to support a transition toward sustainability, and challenges specifically related to establishing indicators and observations to support sustainability research and practice. This report summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.






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A Practical Guide to Therapeutic Work with Asylum Seekers and Refugees

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Mar 152018

The need to support refugees has never been more urgent, but how can everyone working with them provide consistently effective care? Written for a range of professionals including therapists, teachers, social workers, housing support workers and healthcare professionals, this essential guide offers a holistic, person-centred framework to ensure that all those working with refugees to provide them with excellent support.

Informed by the authors’ direct work with refugees, the book starts with a comprehensive introduction to understanding the underlying issues that lead to the complex needs of an asylum seeking client group. Using an easy-to-follow ‘what?’, ‘why?’ and ‘how?’ structure, within the four key phases of refugee experience. It also shows professionals how to sensitively address trauma, loss and separation with clients who are adjusting to a foreign culture and language using three core principles (therapeutic relationship, bearing witness and psycho-education).

Informed and accessible, this guide will help you create a safe, welcoming environment for asylum seekers in all stages of their journey to improve their psychosocial wellbeing and mental health.

This is a sensitive and compassionately written handbook that places the refugee and asylum seekers’ experience in a very real and human context. It offers insight to help those working with them to avoid falling into the dynamic of victim and expert helper, whilst never ignoring the multiple challenges the client is likely to experience. – Natasha Moskovici, therapeutic caseworker, Refugee Council This handbook will be of particular interest to medical professionals in general practice, as their experience can hinder or facilitate a refugee’s interaction with healthcare. The important insight this book provides not only improves the patient’s outcome and experience, but also the efficiency of the healthcare system. – Dr Florence Mukuna MBCHB, GP trainee East London



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From Protein Structure to Function with Bioinformatics ( 2nd edition)

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Mar 132018

This book is about protein structural bioinformatics and how it can help understand and predict protein function. It covers structure-based methods that can assign and explain protein function based on overall folds, characteristics of protein surfaces, occurrence of small 3D motifs, protein-protein interactions and on dynamic properties. Such methods help extract maximum value from new experimental structures, but can often be applied to protein models. The book also, therefore, provides comprehensive coverage of methods for predicting or inferring protein structure, covering all structural classes from globular proteins and their membrane-resident counterparts to amyloid structures and intrinsically disordered proteins.






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