Craniofacial 3D Imaging: Current Concepts in Orthodontics and Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

 Radiology  Comments Off on Craniofacial 3D Imaging: Current Concepts in Orthodontics and Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Feb 172019
 

This book is designed to serve as an up-to-date reference on the use of cone-beam computed tomography for the purpose of 3D imaging of the craniofacial complex. The focus is in particular on the ways in which craniofacial 3D imaging changes how we think about conventional diagnosis and treatment planning and on its clinical applications within orthodontics and oral and maxillofacial surgery. Emphasis is placed on the value of 3D imaging in visualizing the limits of the alveolar bone, the airways, and the temporomandibular joints and the consequences for treatment planning and execution. The book will equip readers with the knowledge required in order to apply and interpret 3D imaging to the benefit of patients. All of the authors have been carefully selected on the basis of their expertise in the field. In describing current thinking on the merits of 3D craniofacial imaging, they draw both on the available scientific literature and on their own translational research findings.
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Radiation Oncology: A Case-Based Review

 Oncology, Radiology  Comments Off on Radiation Oncology: A Case-Based Review
Feb 172019
 

This book is an evidence-based guide to current use of radiation therapy for the treatment of malignancies at major disease sites. It is designed to meet the needs of residents, fellows, and practicing radiation oncologists and will assist in selection and delineation of tumor volumes/fields and dose prescription for intensity-modulated radiation therapy, including volumetric modulated arc therapy for stereotactic radiosurgery or stereotactic body radiotherapy. Each tumor site-related chapter presents, from the perspective of an academic expert, informative cases at different stages in order to clarify specific clinical concepts. The coverage includes case presentation, a case-related literature review, patient preparation, simulation, contouring, treatment planning, image-guided treatment delivery, follow-up, and toxicity management. The text is accompanied by illustrations ranging from slice-by-slice delineations on planning CT images to finalized plan evaluations based on detailed acceptance criteria. The expert knowledge and evidence contained in this comprehensive book will give readers the confidence to manage common cancers without outside referral and to meet the clinical challenges faced in everyday practice.
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Paediatric Radiology Rapid Reporting for FRCR Part 2B

 Pediatrics, Radiology  Comments Off on Paediatric Radiology Rapid Reporting for FRCR Part 2B
Feb 172019
 

This book provides readers with a comprehensive evaluation of paediatric radiographs in preparation for the demanding Rapid Reporting component of the Fellowship of the Royal College of Radiologists (FRCR) Part 2B examination, where the margin between pass and fail is very narrow. While other resources may include only a handful of paediatric images in a practice reporting packet, this book is dedicated solely to improving paediatric reporting skill and knowledge. It is designed to address an important deficiency identified in the FRCR Part 2B Examiners’ Report, in that “many candidates struggle with interpretation of paediatric imaging – even for common paediatric pathologies”. The ten practice tests presented, each with 30 images, will assist readers not only in passing the examination but also in the real world when they have to report paediatric radiographs independently. The range of cases covered, from neonate to adolescent, delivers a sound knowledge of both common paediatric fracture patterns and patterns which are subtler but require a definitive answer as to whether they are normal or abnormal. Guidance is also provided on how to describe each abnormality.
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Medical Imaging for Health Professionals: Technologies and Clinical Applications

 Radiology  Comments Off on Medical Imaging for Health Professionals: Technologies and Clinical Applications
Feb 162019
 

Describes the most common imaging technologies and their diagnostic applications so that pharmacists and other health professionals, as well as imaging researchers, can understand and interpret medical imaging science

This book guides pharmacists and other health professionals and researchers to understand and interpret medical imaging. Divided into two sections, it covers both fundamental principles and clinical applications. It describes the most common imaging technologies and their use to diagnose diseases. In addition, the authors introduce the emerging role of molecular imaging including PET in the diagnosis of cancer and to assess the effectiveness of cancer treatments. The book features many illustrations and discusses many patient case examples.

Medical Imaging for Health Professionals: Technologies and Clinical Applications offers in-depth chapters explaining the basic principles of: X-Ray, CT, and Mammography Technology; Nuclear Medicine Imaging Technology; Radionuclide Production and Radiopharmaceuticals; Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) Technology; and Ultrasound Imaging Technology. It also provides chapters written by expert radiologists in well-explained terminology discussing clinical applications including: Cardiac Imaging; Lung Imaging; Breast Imaging; Endocrine Gland Imaging; Abdominal Imaging; Genitourinary Tract Imaging; Imaging of the Head, Neck, Spine and Brain; Musculoskeletal Imaging; and Molecular Imaging with Positron Emission Tomography (PET).

Teaches pharmacists, health professionals, and researchers the basics of medical imaging technology
Introduces all of the customary imaging tools—X-ray, CT, ultrasound, MRI, SPECT, and PET—and describes their diagnostic applications
Explains how molecular imaging aids in cancer diagnosis and in assessing the effectiveness of cancer treatments
Includes many case examples of imaging applications for diagnosing common diseases
Medical Imaging for Health Professionals: Technologies and Clinical Applications is an important resource for pharmacists, nurses, physiotherapists, respiratory therapists, occupational therapists, radiological or nuclear medicine technologists, health physicists, radiotherapists, as well as researchers in the imaging field.

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Molecular Imaging: An Essential Tool in Preclinical Research, Diagnostic Imaging, and Therapy

 Radiology  Comments Off on Molecular Imaging: An Essential Tool in Preclinical Research, Diagnostic Imaging, and Therapy
Feb 132019
 

The continuous progress in the understanding of molecular processes of disease formation and progression attributes an increasing importance to biomedical molecular imaging methods. The purpose of this workshop was to discuss and overview multiple applications and emerging technologies in the area of diagnostic imaging including its fundamental capabilities in preclinical research, the opportunities for medical care, and the options involving therapeutic concepts. The book provides the reader with state-of-the-art information on the different aspects of diagnostic imaging, illuminating new developments in molecular biology, imaging agents and molecular probe design, and therapeutic techniques.

 

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Absolute Clinical Radiation Oncology Review

 Oncology, Radiology  Comments Off on Absolute Clinical Radiation Oncology Review
Feb 102019
 


This book provides a quick reference guide for clinicians in radiation oncology. It is designed to be an intuitive and easily reviewed study guide for board or maintenance of certification examinations, as well as a quick reference for residents and established radiation oncologists who need a refresher.

The text begins with a general pearls chapter that radiation oncologists should consider in all aspects of their practice, including cancer visibility, dosing, counseling recommendations, and toxicity management. The subsequent chapters then delve into different cancer disease sites, including pediatrics, central nervous system, head and neck, thoracic, breast, gastrointestinal, gynecologic, genitourinary, hematologic, soft tissue, palliative, and radiophysics/radiobiology.

Within each chapter, each disease and its recommended approach is then summarized in only a few pages, allowing a focus on the most essential information. Bullet points, figures, tables, and images make for an intuitive reader experience. Recommendations are taken from the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO), the European Society for Radiation Oncology (ESTRO), and the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN). Planning guides for imaging, diagnosis, and staging offer readers a starting point in approaching each patient based on disease origin, and dosing guidelines then detail consideration for treatment methods. Each chapter additionally includes disease-specific pearls and key points to test the knowledge reviewed in the chapters.

Experts in the disease sites from the United States serve as senior authors on each chapter. The authors include all diseases associated with radiation oncology training to ensure a comprehensive resource for exam studying and clinical care. Residents, trainees, and established radiation oncologists find this an ideal study resource for both board and certification exams, as well as an easily accessible aid during practice.

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Digital Radiography: Physical Principles and Quality Control, 2nd edition

 Radiology  Comments Off on Digital Radiography: Physical Principles and Quality Control, 2nd edition
Feb 102019
 

This is the second edition of a well-received book that enriches the understanding of radiographers and radiologic technologists across the globe, and is designed to meet the needs of courses (units) on radiographic imaging equipment, procedures, production, and exposure. The book also serves as a supplement for courses that address digital imaging techniques, such as radiologic physics, radiographic equipment and quality control. In a broader sense, the purpose of the book is to meet readers’ needs in connection with the change from film-based imaging to film-less or digital imaging; today, all radiographic imaging worldwide is based on digital imaging technologies. The book covers a wide range of topics to address the needs of members of various professional radiologic technology associations, such as the American Society of Radiologic Technologists, the Canadian Association of Medical Radiation Technologists, the College of Radiographers in the UK, and the Australian and New Zealand Societies for Radiographers.
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Functional Imaging in Oncology: Biophysical Basis and Technical Approaches – Volume 1

 Oncology, Radiology  Comments Off on Functional Imaging in Oncology: Biophysical Basis and Technical Approaches – Volume 1
Feb 102019
 

In the new era of functional and molecular imaging, both currently available imaging biomarkers and biomarkers under development are expected to lead to major changes in the management of oncological patients. This well-illustrated two-volume book is a practical manual on the various imaging techniques capable of delivering functional information on cancer, including preclinical and clinical imaging techniques, based on US, CT, MRI, PET and hybrid modalities. This first volume explains the biophysical basis for these functional imaging techniques and describes the techniques themselves. Detailed information is provided on the imaging of cancer hallmarks, including angiogenesis, tumor metabolism, and hypoxia. The techniques and their roles are then discussed individually, covering the full range of modalities in clinical use as well as new molecular and functional techniques. The value of a multiparametric approach is also carefully considered.
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Medical Image Analysis, Second Edition

 Radiology  Comments Off on Medical Image Analysis, Second Edition
Feb 082019
 

The expanded and revised edition will split Chapter 4 to include more details and examples in FMRI, DTI, and DWI for MR image modalities. The book will also expand ultrasound imaging to 3-D dynamic contrast ultrasound imaging in a separate chapter. A new chapter on Optical Imaging Modalities elaborating microscopy, confocal microscopy, endoscopy, optical coherent tomography, fluorescence and molecular imaging will be added. Another new chapter on Simultaneous Multi-Modality Medical Imaging including CT-SPECT and CT-PET will also be added. In the image analysis part, chapters on image reconstructions and visualizations will be significantly enhanced to include, respectively, 3-D fast statistical estimation based reconstruction methods, and 3-D image fusion and visualization overlaying multi-modality imaging and information. A new chapter on Computer-Aided Diagnosis and image guided surgery, and surgical and therapeutic intervention will also be added. A companion site containing power point slides, author biography, corrections to the first edition and images from the text can be found here: ftp://ftp.wiley.com/public/sci_tech_med/medical_image/ Send an email to: Pressbooks@ieee.org to obtain a solutions manual.  Please include your affiliation in your email.Content: Chapter 1 Introduction (pages 1–22): Chapter 2 Image Formation (pages 23–63): Chapter 3 Interaction of Electromagnetic Radiation with Matter in Medical Imaging (pages 65–78): Chapter 4 Medical Imaging Modalities: X?Ray Imaging (pages 79–97): Chapter 5 Medical Imaging Modalities: Magnetic Resonance Imaging (pages 99–138): Chapter 6 Nuclear Medicine Imaging Modalities (pages 139–155): Chapter 7 Medical Imaging Modalities: Ultrasound Imaging (pages 157–172): Chapter 8 Image Reconstruction (pages 173–197): Chapter 9 Image Processing and Enhancement (pages 199–228): Chapter 10 Image Segmentation (pages 229–264): Chapter 11 Image Representation, Analysis, and Classification (pages 265–309): Chapter 12 Image Registration (pages 311–333): Chapter 13 Image Visualization (pages 335–352): Chapter 14 Current and Future Trends in Medical Imaging and Image Analysis (pages 353–368):
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From X-rays to DNA: How Engineering Drives Biology

 Radiology  Comments Off on From X-rays to DNA: How Engineering Drives Biology
Feb 012019
 

An argument that technology accelerates biological discovery, with case studies ranging from chromosome discovery with early microscopes to how DNA replicates using radioisotope labels.

Engineering has been an essential collaborator in biological research and breakthroughs in biology are often enabled by technological advances. Decoding the double helix structure of DNA, for example, only became possible after significant advances in such technologies as X-ray diffraction and gel electrophoresis. Diagnosis and treatment of tuberculosis improved as new technologies―including the stethoscope, the microscope, and the X-ray―developed. These engineering breakthroughs take place away from the biology lab, and many years may elapse before the technology becomes available to biologists. In this book, David Lee argues for concurrent engineering―the convergence of engineering and biological research―as a means to accelerate the pace of biological discovery and its application to diagnosis and treatment. He presents extensive case studies and introduces a metric to measure the time between technological development and biological discovery.

Investigating a series of major biological discoveries that range from pasteurization to electron microscopy, Lee finds that it took an average of forty years for the necessary technology to become available for laboratory use. Lee calls for new approaches to research and funding to encourage a tighter, more collaborative coupling of engineering and biology. Only then, he argues, will we see the rapid advances in the life sciences that are critically needed for life-saving diagnosis and treatment.

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