Principles Of Radiation Interaction In Matter And Detection

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Aug 262019
 

This book, like its first edition, addresses the fundamental principles of interaction between radiation and matter and the principle of particle detectors in a wide scope of fields, from low to high energy, including space physics and the medical environment. It provides abundant information about the processes of electromagnetic and hadronic energy deposition in matter, detecting systems, and performance and optimization of detectors. In this second edition, new sections dedicated to the following topics are included: space and high-energy physics radiation environment, non-ionizing energy loss (NIEL), displacement damage in silicon devices and detectors, single event effects, detection of slow and fast neutrons with silicon detectors, solar cells, pixel detectors, and additional material for dark matter detectors. This book will benefit graduate students and final-year undergraduates as a reference and supplement for courses in particle, astroparticle, and space physics and instrumentation. A part of it is directed toward courses in medical physics. The book can also be used by researchers in experimental particle physics at low, medium, and high energy who are dealing with instrumentation. Contents: Electromagnetic Interaction of Radiation in Matter; Nuclear Interactions in Matter; Radiation Environments and Damage in Silicon Semiconductors; Scintillating Media and Scintillator Detectors; Solid State Detectors; Displacement Damage and Particle Interactions in Silicon Devices; Ionization Chambers; Principles of Particle Energy Determination; Superheated Droplet (Bubble) Detectors and CDM Search; Medical Physics Applications.
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Radiology in Global Health: Strategies, Implementation, and Applications, Second Edition

 Radiology  Comments Off on Radiology in Global Health: Strategies, Implementation, and Applications, Second Edition
Aug 242019
 

Exploring the question as to why more than half the world continues to have little or no access to medical imaging and radiology, this important second edition, fully revised and expanded, offers not only answers but practical solutions, providing new tools, ideas, and strategies for bringing vital radiology to low-resource areas.
Based on RAD-AID’s ten years of work (2008-2018) serving indigent communities around the world, the book’s interdisciplinary approach offers the synthesis of business management, government policy formulation, clinical methods, and engineering in order to integrate economic development, technology innovation, clinical model planning, educational strategies, and public health measures. The gold-standard title in the field, Radiology in Global Health, 2nd Edition is intended for a broad audience, including physicians (especially radiologists and radiology residents), radiology technologists, radiology nurses, sonographers, hardware/software engineers, policy-makers, business leaders, researchers, and public health specialists at all levels who use or implement health care services for underserved populations. In addition, as health care providers use radiology in the process of clinical decision-making, this title is also designed for clinical physicians, nurses, nurse-practitioners, physician assistants, and paramedical personnel. Administrators and public health personnel will also be interested, as the planning of radiology services for health care systems at both the facility level and at the population level requires a clear understanding of the technological challenges and management opportunities.

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Biomedical Image Analysis Recipes in MATLAB: For Life Scientists and Engineers

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Aug 212019
 

As its title suggests, this innovative book has been written for life scientists needing to analyse their data sets, and programmers, wanting a better understanding of the types of experimental images life scientists investigate on a regular basis. Each chapter presents one self-contained biomedical experiment to be analysed. Part I of the book presents its two basic ingredients: essential concepts of image analysis and Matlab. In Part II, algorithms and techniques are shown as series of “recipes” or solved examples that show how specific techniques are applied to a biomedical experiments like Western Blots, Histology, Scratch Wound Assays and Fluoresence. Each recipe begins with simple techniques that gradually advance in complexity. Part III presents some advanced techniques for the generation of publication quality figures. The book does not assume any computational or mathematical expertise.
A practical, clearly-written introduction to biomedical image analysis that provides the tools for life scientists and engineers to use when solving problems in their own laboratories.
Presents the basic concepts of MATLAB software and uses it throughout to show how it can execute flexible and powerful image analysis programs tailored to the specific needs of the problem.
Within the context of four biomedical cases, it shows algorithms and techniques as series of “recipes”, or solved examples that show how a particular technique is applied in a specific experiment.
Companion website containing example datasets, MATLAB files and figures from the book.

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Diagnostic and Therapeutic Applications of Breast Imaging

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Aug 212019
 

This book presents the established and currently researched diagnostic and therapeutic imaging techniques used for breast cancer. Section I is a review of the principles, applications, and recent advances of breast imaging modalities. Section II focuses on breast pathologies and presents the use of breast cancer subgross morphology parameters. Section III covers mammography. Section IV focuses on CAD techniques used in breast cancer detection. Section V is dedicated to breast ultrasound, and Section VI discusses the role of magnetic resonance imaging in breast imaging. Thermal imaging in breast cancer is the theme of Section VII, and Section VIII concludes with chapters on breast cancer treatment.

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New Developments on Computational Methods and Imaging in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering

 Radiology  Comments Off on New Developments on Computational Methods and Imaging in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
Aug 192019
 

This book gathers selected, extended and revised contributions to the 15th International Symposium on Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering (CMBBE2018), and the 3rd Conference on Imaging and Visualization, which took place on 26-29 March, 2018, in Lisbon, Portugal. The respective chapters highlight cutting-edge methods, e.g. new algorithms, image analysis techniques, and multibody modeling methods; and new findings obtained by applying them in biological and/or medical contexts. Original numerical studies, Monte Carlo simulations, FEM analyses and reaction-diffusion models are described in detail, together with intriguing new applications.
The book offers a timely source of information for biologists, engineers, applied mathematicians and clinical researchers working on multidisciplinary projects, and is also intended to foster closer collaboration between these groups.

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Radiation Cytogenetics: Methods and Protocols

 Radiology  Comments Off on Radiation Cytogenetics: Methods and Protocols
Aug 162019
 

This book comprises a collection of chapters describing topics from traditional radiation cytogenetic analysis methods to the modern fluorescence based-analysis and high throughput automatic analysis methods. Cytogenetic analysis is important not only in order to understand radiation-induced DNA damage in cells, but it is also a standard biological method to estimate human radiation exposure in the radiation accidents.
Therefore, we prepared a series of chapters not only covering biological aspects but also exploring radiation physics and radiation protection. Written for the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and equipment, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls.
Authoritative and practical, Radiation Cytogenetics: Methods and Protocols serves both novices working on their first experiments as well as experienced researchers searching for tried-and-true techniques to adapt for their own laboratory.

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Ultrasound-Guided Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine, 2nd edition

 Anesthesiology, Radiology  Comments Off on Ultrasound-Guided Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine, 2nd edition
Aug 152019
 

Get up-to-date on all of the techniques that are rapidly becoming today’s standard of care with Ultrasound-Guided Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine, 2nd Edition. With this extensively revised edition, you’ll see how the increased use of ultrasound for diagnosis and treatment of chronic pain and other medical conditions can transform your patient care. Noted authorities discuss the techniques you need to know for upper and lower extremity blocks, truncal blocks, pain blocks, trauma and critical care, and more.

Key Features:
Quickly grasp the salient features of each block, including indications, relevant anatomy, the transducer type, needle, local anesthetic, technique, tips, and references for further study.Learn from global experts on topics such as recent ultrasound-guided musculoskeletal blocks and the uses of ultrasound in the treatment of shock and trauma.Get up to speed on new techniques, thanks to 48 new chapters covering transforaminal cervical injections, cervical facet injections, insertion of peripheral nerve stimulators using ultrasound guidance, genital femoral nerve injections, suprascapular nerve injection, ultrasound guidance to fill implanted pain reservoir, sacroiliac injections, and much more.Care for your young patients more effectively with a separate section devoted to pediatric regional anesthesia. See exactly how to perform the techniques with high-quality ultrasound images and depictions of relevant anatomy.Now with the print edition, enjoy the bundled interactive eBook edition, offering tablet, smartphone, or online access to:Videos of selected procedures.Complete content with enhanced navigation.Powerful search tools and smart navigation cross-links that pull results from content in the book, your notes, and even the web.Cross-linked pages, references, and more for easy navigation.Highlighting tool for easier reference of key content throughout the text.Ability to take and share notes with friends and colleagues.Quick reference tabbing to save your favorite content for future use.

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Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology: A Diagnostic Approach

 Radiology  Comments Off on Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology: A Diagnostic Approach
Aug 152019
 

To the dentist or maxillofacial practitioner, radiology is an essential diagnostic discipline and a valuable tool for treatment planning. Now more than ever, dentists are often the first to encounter lesions of the face and jaws and are frequently held liable for recognizing pathologies and other sites of concern. Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology: A Diagnostic Approach provides clinicians of varied disciplines and skill levels a practical and systematic approach to diagnosing lesions affecting the face and jaws. Firmly grounded in evidence-based research, the book presents a clear understanding of the clinical impact of each lesion within a prospective diagnosis. Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology is logically organized, beginning with the basics of radiological diagnosis before discussing each of the advanced imaging modalities in turn. Modalities discussed include helical and cone-beam computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, positron emission tomography, and ultrasonography. Later chapters cover radiological pathologies of the jaw, and also those of the head and neck immediately outside the oral and maxillofacial region. Written by a recognized expert in the field, Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology contains a multitude of clinical images, practical examples, and flowcharts to facilitate differential diagnosis.

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Chest Imaging Case Atlas Edition 2

 Radiology  Comments Off on Chest Imaging Case Atlas Edition 2
Aug 102019
 

A comprehensive atlas covering the breadth and depth of chest imaging
Written by renowned experts in chest imaging, Chest Imaging Case Atlas, Second Edition enables radiology residents, fellows, and practitioners to hone their diagnostic skills by teaching them how to interpret a large number of radiologic cases. This atlas contains over 200 cases on conditions ranging from Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma to Wegener Granulomatosis. Each case is supported by a discussion of the disease, its underlying pathology, typical and unusual imaging findings, management, and prognosis, providing a comprehensive overview of each disorder.
Special Features of the Second Edition:
Over 1500 high-quality images demonstrating normal and pathologic findings and their variations
More multiplanar, CT angiographic (CTA), MRI, and 3D imaging is incorporated into the text, helping readers stay current with this rapidly changing technology
40 new cases and updated images in cases from the previous edition
A new post-thoracotomy chest section addresses normal post-operative findings and complications associated with common thoracic interventional procedures
The neoplastic diseases section includes the new TNM staging system for lung cancer
The adult cardiovascular disease section now contains a discussion on univentricular and biventricular or end-stage heart failure including various ventricular assist devices and the Total Artificial Heart, their imaging features, and complications associated with their use
The diffuse lung disease section has been expanded to include an approach to HRCT interpretation
Case discussions are based on up-to-datereviews of current literature as well as classic landmark articles
Pearls are provided to describe the features that may strongly support a specific diagnosis, enabling readers to sharpen their clinical diagnostic skills
This book is an invaluable illustrated reference that all physicians in radiology and chest imaging in particular, including pulmonary medicine physicians and thoracic surgeons, should have on their bookshelf.

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Abdominal Ultrasound: Step by Step Edition 2

 Radiology  Comments Off on Abdominal Ultrasound: Step by Step Edition 2
Aug 102019
 


Fully master the basic principles and applications of abdominal ultrasound

Praise for this book:

This book appears to be a useful tool for different levels of users –
not just physicians. The topics provide information on best approaches for
beginners while the illustrations better define acquisition data and may be
helpful to individuals with more experience. The book would be useful for
students and technologists in all disciplines and specialties to help understand
sonographic imaging. – Kathleen Drotar, Radiologic
Technology, July/August, 2012

Designed to be kept close at hand during an actual
ultrasound examination, Abdominal Ultrasound: Step by Step, Second
Edition
, provides the tools, techniques and training to increase your knowledge and
confidence in interpreting ultrasound findings. Its clear, systematic approach
shows you how to recognize all important ultrasound phenomena (especially
misleading artifacts), locate and delineate the upper abdominal organs, explain
suspicious findings, apply clinical correlations, and easily distinguish between
normal and abnormal images.

This second edition includes the new Sono Consultant, a systematic, two-part framework for helping the examiner evaluate specific ultrasound findings and make an informed differential diagnosis. In the first part, Ultrasound Findings, the examiner notes an abnormality at ultrasound, lists all findings, and suggests possible interpretations. In the second section, Clinical Presentation, the examiner starts off with a possible diagnosis (e.g. heart failure, splenomegaly) and then extracts the maximum possible information available on ultrasound to confirm, support, or differentiate the diagnosis.

Features:

More than 670 ultrasound images and 240 drawings that
enhance the text

3-D diagrams that depict complex anatomical structures
and spatial relationships

Clear and concise learning units for easy mastery of
material
Providing a logical, structured foundation for performing a successful
ultrasound examination, this practice-oriented teaching guide is essential for
all students and residents building their skills in ultrasonography.

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