Functional Imaging in Oncology: Biophysical Basis and Technical Approaches – Volume 1

 Oncology, Radiology  Comments Off on Functional Imaging in Oncology: Biophysical Basis and Technical Approaches – Volume 1
Feb 102019
 

In the new era of functional and molecular imaging, both currently available imaging biomarkers and biomarkers under development are expected to lead to major changes in the management of oncological patients. This well-illustrated two-volume book is a practical manual on the various imaging techniques capable of delivering functional information on cancer, including preclinical and clinical imaging techniques, based on US, CT, MRI, PET and hybrid modalities. This first volume explains the biophysical basis for these functional imaging techniques and describes the techniques themselves. Detailed information is provided on the imaging of cancer hallmarks, including angiogenesis, tumor metabolism, and hypoxia. The techniques and their roles are then discussed individually, covering the full range of modalities in clinical use as well as new molecular and functional techniques. The value of a multiparametric approach is also carefully considered.
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Medical Image Analysis, Second Edition

 Radiology  Comments Off on Medical Image Analysis, Second Edition
Feb 082019
 

The expanded and revised edition will split Chapter 4 to include more details and examples in FMRI, DTI, and DWI for MR image modalities. The book will also expand ultrasound imaging to 3-D dynamic contrast ultrasound imaging in a separate chapter. A new chapter on Optical Imaging Modalities elaborating microscopy, confocal microscopy, endoscopy, optical coherent tomography, fluorescence and molecular imaging will be added. Another new chapter on Simultaneous Multi-Modality Medical Imaging including CT-SPECT and CT-PET will also be added. In the image analysis part, chapters on image reconstructions and visualizations will be significantly enhanced to include, respectively, 3-D fast statistical estimation based reconstruction methods, and 3-D image fusion and visualization overlaying multi-modality imaging and information. A new chapter on Computer-Aided Diagnosis and image guided surgery, and surgical and therapeutic intervention will also be added. A companion site containing power point slides, author biography, corrections to the first edition and images from the text can be found here: ftp://ftp.wiley.com/public/sci_tech_med/medical_image/ Send an email to: Pressbooks@ieee.org to obtain a solutions manual.  Please include your affiliation in your email.Content: Chapter 1 Introduction (pages 1–22): Chapter 2 Image Formation (pages 23–63): Chapter 3 Interaction of Electromagnetic Radiation with Matter in Medical Imaging (pages 65–78): Chapter 4 Medical Imaging Modalities: X?Ray Imaging (pages 79–97): Chapter 5 Medical Imaging Modalities: Magnetic Resonance Imaging (pages 99–138): Chapter 6 Nuclear Medicine Imaging Modalities (pages 139–155): Chapter 7 Medical Imaging Modalities: Ultrasound Imaging (pages 157–172): Chapter 8 Image Reconstruction (pages 173–197): Chapter 9 Image Processing and Enhancement (pages 199–228): Chapter 10 Image Segmentation (pages 229–264): Chapter 11 Image Representation, Analysis, and Classification (pages 265–309): Chapter 12 Image Registration (pages 311–333): Chapter 13 Image Visualization (pages 335–352): Chapter 14 Current and Future Trends in Medical Imaging and Image Analysis (pages 353–368):
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From X-rays to DNA: How Engineering Drives Biology

 Radiology  Comments Off on From X-rays to DNA: How Engineering Drives Biology
Feb 012019
 

An argument that technology accelerates biological discovery, with case studies ranging from chromosome discovery with early microscopes to how DNA replicates using radioisotope labels.

Engineering has been an essential collaborator in biological research and breakthroughs in biology are often enabled by technological advances. Decoding the double helix structure of DNA, for example, only became possible after significant advances in such technologies as X-ray diffraction and gel electrophoresis. Diagnosis and treatment of tuberculosis improved as new technologies―including the stethoscope, the microscope, and the X-ray―developed. These engineering breakthroughs take place away from the biology lab, and many years may elapse before the technology becomes available to biologists. In this book, David Lee argues for concurrent engineering―the convergence of engineering and biological research―as a means to accelerate the pace of biological discovery and its application to diagnosis and treatment. He presents extensive case studies and introduces a metric to measure the time between technological development and biological discovery.

Investigating a series of major biological discoveries that range from pasteurization to electron microscopy, Lee finds that it took an average of forty years for the necessary technology to become available for laboratory use. Lee calls for new approaches to research and funding to encourage a tighter, more collaborative coupling of engineering and biology. Only then, he argues, will we see the rapid advances in the life sciences that are critically needed for life-saving diagnosis and treatment.

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Thoracic Imaging: Basic to Advanced

 Radiology  Comments Off on Thoracic Imaging: Basic to Advanced
Feb 012019
 

This book covers the imaging of thoracic structures with a focus on evaluation of the lungs. Pulmonary conditions are the most common global cause of mortality and morbidity, with lung cancer and tuberculosis being prevalent diseases in the developed and developing world, respectively. In the last few years there have been rapid changes in the imaging interpretation of lung diseases, particularly imaging of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. However, updated literature is not available yet. Filling this gap, the book provides radiologists with up-to-date, handy information on reading chest scans. This book uses standard terms and lexicons to describe the imaging findings. It consists of 14 chapters, and includes more than 1200 illustrations covering both commonly and rarely encountered conditions. The first chapter discusses imaging patterns and signs in thoracic imaging, while the chapter on interstitial lung diseases describes the hallmarks that are useful in the diagnostic pathway of these diseases. This chapter also incorporates the latest diagnostic categories of UIP based on CT patterns, and provides pictorial examples. Written by experts in the field, the book highlights imaging features and relevant clinical findings that may help in reaching diagnosis, and wherever possible, it presents the imaging features in tables for ease of memorizing.
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Medical Devices: Surgical and Image-Guided Technologies

 Radiology, Surgery  Comments Off on Medical Devices: Surgical and Image-Guided Technologies
Jan 282019
 

Addressing the exploding interest in bioengineering for healthcare applications, this book provides readers with detailed yet easy-to-understand guidance on biomedical device engineering. Written by prominent physicians and engineers, Medical Devices: Surgical and Image-Guided Technologies is organized into stand-alone chapters covering devices and systems in diagnostic, surgical, and implant procedures.
Assuming only basic background in math and science, the authors clearly explain the fundamentals for different systems along with such topics as engineering considerations, therapeutic techniques and applications, future trends, and more. After describing how to manage a design project for medical devices, the book examines the following:
• Instruments for laparoscopic and ophthalmic surgery, plus surgical robotics
• Catheters in vascular therapy and energy-based hemostatic surgical devices
• Tissue ablation systems and the varied uses of lasers in medicine
• Vascular and cardiovascular devices, plus circulatory support devices
• Ultrasound transducers, X-ray imaging, and neuronavigation
An absolute must for biomedical engineers, Medical Devices: Surgical and Image-Guided Technologies is also an invaluable guide for students in all engineering majors and pre-med programs interested in exploring this fascinating field.

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Synchrotron Radiation and Structural Proteomics

 Radiology  Comments Off on Synchrotron Radiation and Structural Proteomics
Jan 262019
 

This book presents an overview of the current state of research in both synchrotron radiation and structural proteomics from different laboratories worldwide. The book presents recent research results in the most advanced methods of synchrotron radiation analysis, protein micro- and nano crystallography, X-ray scattering and X-ray optics, coherent X-Ray diffraction, and laser cutting and contactless sample manipulation are described in details. The book focuses on biological applications and highlights important aspects such as radiation damage and molecular modeling.
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Pocket Atlas of Dental Radiology

 Dentistry, Radiology  Comments Off on Pocket Atlas of Dental Radiology
Jan 262019
 

Examination of the teeth and their supporting structures is today unthinkable without the use of radiological methods. This book provides numerous problem-solving tips covering the basics of obtaining X-rays of the teeth, quality control, image processing, radiological anatomy, and radiological diagnosis. Quick access to information, easy learning, and efficient acquisition of knowledge make this book a very practical tool for day-to-day work. Didactic concept: The classic Thieme Flexi format, with concise text on the left and excellent illustrations on the right hand page of more than 150 double page spreads. Emphasis is placed on: – examination techniques, radiation safety, quality control – conventional and digital imaging modalities – radiological anatomy, solving problems of localization – adjunct examinations with CT, MR imaging, and others.

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Manual of Head and Neck Imaging

 Radiology  Comments Off on Manual of Head and Neck Imaging
Jan 252019
 

This book is designed as an easily readable manual that will be of great practical value for radiology and otolaryngology residents during their clinical rotations. Key facts on head and neck imaging are presented in short chapters written in an easily readable style. Line drawings are used to illustrate key concepts, and tables, checklists, and algorithms will enable the readers to arrive at a quick diagnosis. In addition, emphasis is placed on clinical pearls that will assist them in preparing suitable reports. The Manual of Head and Neck Imaging is sized to allow residents to read it completely within a matter of days, and it will also serve as an ideal quick reference guide as different clinical situations arise.
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Manual of Head and Neck Imaging

 Radiology  Comments Off on Manual of Head and Neck Imaging
Jan 252019
 

This book is designed as an easily readable manual that will be of great practical value for radiology and otolaryngology residents during their clinical rotations. Key facts on head and neck imaging are presented in short chapters written in an easily readable style. Line drawings are used to illustrate key concepts, and tables, checklists, and algorithms will enable the readers to arrive at a quick diagnosis. In addition, emphasis is placed on clinical pearls that will assist them in preparing suitable reports. The Manual of Head and Neck Imaging is sized to allow residents to read it completely within a matter of days, and it will also serve as an ideal quick reference guide as different clinical situations arise.
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Microperimetry and Multimodal Retinal Imaging

 Radiology  Comments Off on Microperimetry and Multimodal Retinal Imaging
Jan 252019
 

Microperimetry allows precise functional examination of the retina and optic nerve and is especially valuable for evaluation of the macular area. This fully up-to-date textbook on microperimetry, written by leading experts in the field, will also serve as an atlas and diagnostic reference. It is designed for use by both ophthalmologists and optometrists in daily clinical practice and clinical research, and the contents thus range from basic technical information to the most advanced clinical applications. Past and current microperimetry techniques are reviewed, and the role of microperimetry in the context of multimodal imaging scenario is explained. The full range of clinical applications is then discussed, including age-related macular degeneration, diabetes, myopia, retinal dystrophies, disorders of the vitreoretinal interface, inflammatory chorioretinal diseases, toxic retinopathies, glaucoma, and low vision.
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