Jul 092016
 

Augmenting Cognition (Life Sciences)


By (author): Idan Segev, Henry Markram

The Human brain is only 100,000 years old. Yet, this newly evolved organ endows us with unique creative capabilities beyond all other living creatures, including the gift to understand itself. As our very survival and success in life depends on utilizing our brain’s power, intense efforts have begun worldwide to understand the brain, reverse-engineer it and even augment its capacity. Towards this end we harness every trick in the book of mathematics, physics, chemistry, pharmacology, biology, psychology, as well as computer science, information sciences, and engineering – giving rise to the birth to the new AugCog Era.

The new AugCog research field focuses on the development of scientifically-based rigorous approaches, including brain-computer interfaces and the use of various drugs, for restoring and augmenting cognition. The field includes the study of the relationship between basic operational states of the brain, such as sleep, or daily activities such as dance and their impact on augmenting cognitive capabilities.

This book confronts our entry into the AugCog Era through a series of contributions from the world’s best know experts. The book is divided into two sections, the first of which discusses state-of-the-art methodologies; and the last provide some perspective on the social and ethical issues. These two parts are separated by an interlude in cognition, where a fascinating story of the savant syndrome is told.

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Jul 092016
 

Child Psychotherapist and Problems of Young People (Maresfield Library)


This book aims to strip away many of the misconceptions in the minds of parents, teachers and social workers about child psychotherapy. Sixteen psychotherapists and analysts have collaborated in the preparation of this book, setting out to describe their work in schools, hospitals, clinics, day centres, etc and to discuss their fundamental approach to the treatment of the disturbed child.
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Jul 092016
 

Deaf Young People and their Families: Developing Understanding


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By (author): Susan Gregory, Juliet Bishop, Lesley Sheldon

This is a longitudinal follow-up to the study reported in The Deaf Child and his Family, now republished as Deaf Children and their Families. Eighteen years after the original study, seventy-five percent of the original families have been traced and this new volume provides an account of the subsequent interviews with both the parents and the deaf young people themselves. Participants reflect not only on the consequences of deafness within their own lives, but on the changing context for deaf people. It includes a comparison of the views of parents with those of their sons and daughters and an examination of factors in early life that may relate to later development. In its provision of a unique insight into the deaf young person’s perspective on life, it will be a valuable resource for all those concerned with deafness and special education, including families, deaf people, professionals and academics.
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Jul 092016
 

The Missing Gene: Psychiatry, Heredity, And the Fruitless Search for Genes


By (author): Jay Joseph

What causes psychiatric disorders to appear? Are they primarily the result of people s environments, or of their genes? Increasingly, we are told that research has confirmed the importance of genetic influences on psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, autism, and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
This timely, challenging book provides a much-needed critical appraisal of the evidence cited in support of genetic theories of psychiatric disorders, which hold that these disorders are caused by an inherited genetic predisposition in combination with environmental agents or events. In fact, the field of psychiatric genetics is approaching the crisis stage due to the continuing failure, despite years of concerted worldwide efforts, to identify genes presumed to underlie most mental disorders.

The belief that such genes exist is based on studies of families, twins, and adoptees. However, the author shows that these studies provide little if any scientifically acceptable evidence in support of genetics. In fact, researchers initial “discoveries” are rarely replicated. As this becomes more understood, and as fruitless gene finding efforts continue to pile up, we may well be headed towards a paradigm shift in psychiatry away from genetic and biological explanations of mental disorders, and towards a greater understanding of how family, social, and political environments contribute to human psychological distress. Indeed, Kenneth Kendler, a leading twin researcher and psychiatric geneticist for over two decades, wrote in a 2005 edition of The American Journal of Psychiatry that the “strong, clear, and direct causal relationship implied by the concept of a gene for … does not exist for psychiatric disorders. Although we may wish it to be true, we do not have and are not likely to ever discover genes for psychiatric illness.”
The author devotes individual chapters to ADHD, autism, and bipolar disorder. Looking specifically at autism, despite the near-unanimous opinion that it has an important genetic component, the evidence cited in support of this position is stunningly weak. It consists mainly of family studies, which cannot disentangle the potential influences of genes and environment, and four small methodologically flawed twin studies whose results can be explained by non-genetic factors. Not surprisingly, then, years of efforts to find “autism genes” have come up empty.
This is an important book because theories based on genetic research are having a profound impact on both scientific and public thinking, as well as on social policy decisions. In addition, genetic theories influence the types of clinical treatments received by people diagnosed with psychiatric disorders. Yet, as the author demonstrates, these theories do not stand up to critical examination.

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Jul 082016
 

Being Alive: Building on the Work of Anne Alvarez


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By (author): Judith Edwards

This book is a celebration of the work of Anne Alvarez, an enormously influential psychoanalytic psychotherapist whose work on autism and severe personality disorders in children has been important internationally. This book:
* brings together assessment of the influence of Alvarez’s work across a range of child psychotherapy and related areas
* evaluates how her ideas affect the most current developments in these areas
* includes contributions from renowned psychoanalysts and psychotherapists from around the world.
It will be of great interest to child and adolescent psychotherapists in training and practice, and also to clinical psychologists, psychoanalysts and psychiatrists working with autistic/severely disturbed children.
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Jul 042016
 

The Palgrave Handbook of Adult Mental Health


This Handbook gathers together empirical and theoretical chapters from leading scholars and clinicians to examine the broad issue of adult mental health. The contributors draw upon data from a variety of contexts to illustrate the multiple ways in which language as action can assist us in better understanding the discursive practices that surround adult mental health. Conversation and discourse analysis are useful, related approaches for the study of mental health conditions, particularly when underpinned by a social constructionist framework. In the field of mental health, the use of these two approaches is growing, with emergent implications for adults with mental health conditions, their practitioners, and/or their families.

Divided into four parts; Reconceptualising Mental Health and Illness; Naming, Labelling and Diagnosing; The Discursive Practice of Psychiatry; and Therapy and Interventions; this Handbook provides a comprehensive overview of current debates regarding adult mental health.

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Jul 012016
 

On-Call Geriatric Psychiatry: Handbook of Principles and Practice


This text covers basic principles and practice of on-call psychiatric care in the geriatric patient in various medical settings. It compiles the most likely complaints and provides assessment and management tools for each situation. Written and edited by expert geriatric psychiatrists, emergency psychiatrists, consultation/liaison psychiatrists, geriatricians, and other multidisciplinary specialists, this is the first handbook devoted to on-call geriatric psychiatry. Chapters contain an important summary of key points for managing clinical situations, case studies, and reflective questions.  This text brings together relevant principles of on-call geriatric psychiatry provided in clinical settings such as emergency, acute and subacute inpatient, outpatient, residential, correctional, and consultation/liaison. It includes clinical topics such as psychopharmacology, psychotherapy, substance abuse, and includes coverage of medical ethics and the law, utilization of contemporary technology, and administrative and public health policy.

 
On-Call Geriatric Psychiatry is the first practical guide to knit together evidence-based medicine and geriatric psychiatric principles and practice guidelines and is a valuable resource for trainees, psychiatrists, geriatricians, emergency departments, nursing home physicians, and other health professionals working with older adult patients.
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Jun 302016
 

Cultural Considerations in Asian and Pacific Islander American Mental Health


In America’s increasingly diverse society, it is imperative that mental health providers prioritize the development of their cultural competence to assure that they are equipped to meet the needs of their clients.

Cultural Considerations in Asian and Pacific Islander American Mental Health offers a broad array of perspectives from clinicians and researchers actively working with racially/ethnically diverse populations. This book addresses psychosocial cultural issues that impact the mental health of the growing Asian American population. The book opens with the concept of what and who is an Asian American, as well as the myriad distinctions and differences among various Asian groups. Covered chapter topics include a historical overview of the diverse populations among Asian and Pacific Islander Americans; a discussion of the tensions and similarities between empirically supported treatments and cultural competence; Asian and Pacific Islander American elders and depression; and a psychodynamic perspective regarding the treatment of dual diagnosis with an Asian American client. This book is a must-read for mental health clinicians, students, community workers, school counselors, and nurses who work with diverse populations.

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Jun 252016
 

Clinical Depression – A Medical Dictionary, Bibliography, and Annotated Research Guide to Internet References


This is a 3-in-1 reference book. It gives a complete medical dictionary covering hundreds of terms and expressions relating to clinical depression. It also gives extensive lists of bibliographic citations. Finally, it provides information to users on how to update their knowledge using various Internet resources. The book is designed for physicians, medical students preparing for Board examinations, medical researchers, and patients who want to become familiar with research dedicated to clinical depression. If your time is valuable, this book is for you. First, you will not waste time searching the Internet while missing a lot of relevant information. Second, the book also saves you time indexing and defining entries. Finally, you will not waste time and money printing hundreds of web pages.
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Jun 242016
 

Trauma, Culture, and PTSD


By (author): C. Fred Alford

This book examines the social contexts in which trauma is created by those who study it, whether considering the way in which trauma afflicts groups, cultures, and nations, or the way in which trauma is transmitted down the generations.  As Alford argues, ours has been called an age of trauma.  Yet, neither trauma nor post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are scientific concepts.  Trauma has been around forever, even if it was not called that.  PTSD is the creation of a group of Vietnam veterans and psychiatrists, designed to help explain the veterans’ suffering.  This does not detract from the value of PTSD, but sets its historical and social context.   The author also confronts the attempt to study trauma scientifically, exploring the use of technologies such as magnetic resonance imagining (MRI).  Alford concludes that the scientific study of trauma often reflects a willed ignorance of traumatic experience.  In the end, trauma is about suffering.
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