This book explores the response of forensic psychiatry and psychology to changes over the last several decades. It presents the disciplines themselves as change agents that have shaped forensic work, public policy, and law. Topics include selected developments in forensic practice, the management and treatment of individuals who have had involvement with law enforcement systems, and the application of administrative principles to the management of forensic entities.
By (author): Melvyn WB Zhang, Cyrus SH Ho, Roger Ho, Ian H Treasaden, Basant K Puri
The MRCPsych examinations, conducted by the Royal College of Psychiatrists are the most important exams for psychiatric trainee to achieve specialist accreditation.
Written by authors with previous exam experience and edited by the distinguished team behind Revision Notes in Psychiatry, Get Through MRCPsych Paper A: Mock Examination Papers provides candidates with the most realistic and up-to-date MCQ and EMIs, closely matched to themes appearing most often in the Paper A exam.
By (author): Kazima Bulayeva, Oleg Bulayev, Stephen Glatt
This book presents a long-term study in genetic isolates of indigenous small ethnics of Dagestan, located in the North-East part of Caucasus in Russia. Dagestan is characterized by extreme cultural and linguistic differences in a small geographic area and contains 26 indigenous ethnic groups. According to archeological data these indigenous highland ethnics have been living in the same area for more than ten thousand years. Our long-term population-genetic study of Dagestan indigenous ethnic groups indicates their close relation to each other and suggests that they evolved from one common ancestral meta-population. Dagestan has an extremely high genetic diversity between ethnic populations and a low genetic diversity within them. Such genetic isolates are exceptional resources for the detection of susceptibility genes for complex diseases because of the reduction in genetic and clinical heterogeneity. The founder effect and gene drift in these primary isolates may have caused aggregation of specific haplotypes with limited numbers of pathogenic alleles and loci in some isolates relative to others. The book presents a study in four ethnically and demographically diverse genetic isolates with aggregation of schizophrenia that we ascertained within our Dagestan Genetic Heritage Research Project. The results obtained support the notion that mapping genes of any complex disease (e.g., schizophrenia) in demographically older genetic isolates may be more time and cost effective due to their high clinical and genetic homogeneity, in comparison with demographically younger isolates, especially with genetically heterogeneous outbred populations.
This innovative monograph introduces a measurement-based framework for effective treatment of patients with mood disorders, personality disorders, and schizophrenia. Rooted firmly in principles of pharmacotherapy and clinical psychometrics, the book’s signature diagram balances rating scale results and patient self-reported progress along three angles: therapeutic effects, adverse effects, and quality of life. The author’s choices of measures are brief, valid, widely used, and easy for clinicians to administer and patients to understand. But rather than being a mechanistic or an impersonal formula, this system is shown as a science-based means of fostering constructive collaboration between patient and therapist, leading to greater patient well-being.
Included in the coverage:
· Negative mental health: the ordinary symptom-orientated mental disorders.
· The basic diagram of personality dimensions.
· Self-reported symptom scales within the basic diagram.
· Clinician-administered symptom scales within the basic diagram.
· The pharmacopsychometric triangle in measurement-based care.
· Diagnostic rating scales.
· A practical outcome evaluation plan.
Offering a medical level of precision to mental health, Measurement-Based Care in Mental Disorders should interest health care providers at all levels, particularly physicians and staff in primary care settings, and in psychiatric in- and outpatient clinics, including psychiatrists, psychologists, nurses, and social workers.
Dr. Joel Paris’s Overdiagnosis in Psychiatry takes a much-needed look at the dangerous epidemic of unnecessary or incorrect treatments. The last 30 years of psychiatry have seen the development of a system of classification aimed at establishing greater scientific credibility. Unfortunately, the current categories are based entirely on signs and symptoms rather than on causes, which remain unknown. This has inevitably made diagnosis imprecise and uncertain. The result is that well-meaning professionals can have problems separating psychopathology from normality, can be unduly influenced by diagnostic fads, and can ultimately wind up prescribing treatments that do more harm than good. Paris examines prominent examples of overused diagnoses including major depressive disorder, ADHD, bipolar-II disorder, autism spectrum disorders, and PTSD.
Praise for Treatment of Depression in Adolescents and Adults
“This outstanding book, written for clinicians, provides a fascinating examination of leading depression treatments supported by cutting-edge scientific evidence. The editors have assembled an impressive list of authors who expertly describe each intervention at a level of detail rarely seen in other books. Clinicians looking for guidance on how to implement evidence-based treatments for depression will find this book indispensable.” —Aaron T. Beck, MD, Professor of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania President Emeritus, Beck Institute for Cognitive Therapy and Research
“This is a much-needed book that can increase accessibility of empirically based treatments to practicing clinicians. The chapters are informative, readable, and peppered with clinical examples that bring the treatments to life. This book is an essential bridge to enhance dissemination of some of our most potent treatments for depression to those on the front lines of treatment delivery.” —Adele M. Hayes, PhD, Associate Professor of Psychology, University of Delaware
Evidence-based interventions for treating depression in adolescents and adults
Part of the Clinician’s Guide to Evidence-Based Practice Series, Treatment of Depression in Adolescents and Adults provides busy mental health practitioners with detailed, step-by-step guidance for implementing clinical interventions that are supported by the latest scientific evidence.
This thorough, yet practical volume draws on a roster of experts and researchers in the field who have assembled state-of-the-art knowledge into this well-rounded guide. Each chapter serves as a practitioner-focused how-to reference and covers interventions that have the best empirical support for the treatment of depression, including:
Cognitive Behavior Therapy
Cognitive Behavioral Analysis System of Psychotherapy for Chronic Depression
Easy to use and accessible in tone, Treatment of Depression in Adolescents and Adults is indispensable for practitioners who would like to implement evidence-based, culturally competent, effective interventions in their care of clients struggling with depression.
By (author): Sarah Mares, Louise Newman, Beulah Warren
What is mental health in infancy and early childhood? Why is it important? How does the infant-parent relationship influence development, and how do these early experiences shape our lives? How can clinical assessment and intervention focus on these early relationships to improve developmental outcomes for infants, young children, and their families? This thoroughly updated and expanded second edition provides an evidence-based and practical approach to assessment of young children and their families across diverse settings. The impact of attachment issues, prematurity, trauma, parental mental illness, substance abuse, and other adverse circumstances is clearly explained. Additionally, the quality of parenting and the importance of early relationships are addressed. Written for a wide range of professionals – including maternal and child health nurses, general practitioners, psychiatrists, child protection workers, early childhood educators, and community and mental health workers – this edition has two new chapters on intervention and professional issues, such as training, ethics, and advocacy. The growing understanding of factors that influence infant psychological development, and influence the social and emotional well-being of young children and their families, make this book an essential reference for all health care practitioners and early childhood professionals.
The “relational turn” has transformed the field of psychoanalysis, with an impact that cuts across different schools of thought and clinical modalities.
In the six years following publication of Volume 1, Relational Psychoanalysis: The Emergence of a Tradition, relational theorizing has continued to develop, expand, and challenge the parameters of clinical discourse. It has been a period of loss, with the passing of Stephen A. Mitchell and Emmanuel Ghent, but also a period of great promise, marked by the burgeoning publication of relational books and journals and the launching of relational training institutes and professional associations.
Volume 2, Relational Psychoanalysis: Innovation and Expansion, brings together key papers of the recent past that exemplify the continuing growth and refinement of the relational sensibility. In selecting these papers, Editors Lewis Aron and Adrienne Harris have stressed the shared relational dimension of different psychoanalytic traditions, and they have used such commonalities to structure the best recent contributions to the literature. The topics covered in Volume 2 reflect both the evolution of psychoanalysis and the unique pathways that leading relational writers have been pursuing and in some cases establishing.
[There has been an] extraordinary shift in how we understand and treat psychosis, none more so than in the arena of Early Intervention (EI) bringing with it new hope for young people with emerging psychosis and their families. From the introduction to the book
Centred around the Early Psychosis Declaration (EPD), this book explores the declaration’s five themes through contributions from a sizeable number of mental health practitioners, service-users and carers. It is designed to help those working with people experiencing psychosis at an early stage of illness to develop and implement effective early intervention skills, enabling them to examine and refine their practice. Most importantly, the book is a practical guide to delivering early intervention strategies with a unique focus on recovery.
Includes an abundance of case studies to link theory to practice
Edited by an team with a wealth of clinical and research experience
Suitable for qualified practitioners from all disciplines working in the Early Intervention field, including mental health nurses, psychiatrists, social workers, occupational therapists, clinical psychologists and lecturer/practitioners
Psychiatric Expert Testimony: Emerging Applications is for practitioners who need to be at the cutting edge of admissibility in court. The book avoids standard applications, such as the insanity defense and specific capacity assessments, in favor of those that may be controversial or require evidentiary hearings. It is divided into two broad areas: human development and its deviations; and science and technology. In each chapter, the reader will find a discussion of the science behind the testimony and, where applicable, relevant case law. In the human development area, there are discussions of the genesis of moral thinking, how early trauma can affect behavior, how to approach the child witness, and how Autism Spectrum Disorder is regarded in criminal justice. In the technology area, there are diverse discussions, including sleep disorders, fMRI lie detection, the uses of neuroimaging, traumatic encephalopathy, and designer drugs. Dr. Weiss and Dr. Watson provide a framework for understanding why and how the justice system needs expert testimony and the instances where there is resistance to it. Unlike other books, which either treat the subject generally or in a prescriptive manner, Psychiatric Expert Testimony: Emerging Applications provides a foundation for practitioners to use available science and then to fashion their own work product. In this way, the expert is not held to a formula or format. By using the content of Emerging Applications, the practitioner will be better able to fashion expert reports and field questions during evidentiary hearings.