Applied Cardiovascular Physiology

 Cardiovascular, Physiology  Comments Off on Applied Cardiovascular Physiology
Jan 012019
 

This book represents the collective efforts of several excellent,clini­ cian-scientists who have devoted many years of their lives and many hours in each day to the application of physiological principles to the bedside care of critically ill patients. The universal challenge of car­ diovascular instability confronts all health care providers who treat patients in an acute care setting. Whether that be in the field or Emergency Department, general ward, operating suite or intensive care unit, all patients carry a common theme of potential life-taking processes which must to identified and treated in a timely fashion or severe morbidity and death rapidly follow. Since the cardiovascular system subserves the body in maintain­ ing metabolic stability through global and regional blood flow at an adequate pressure to insure appropriate autoregulation of blood flow distribution, it would be difficult to describe the mechanisms of cardiovascular instability their diagnosis and treatment without placing them within the context of overall metabolism and tissue vi­ ability. Accordingly, this book has been grouped into four arbitrary subsets. First, we address issues of basic cardiovascular physiology. Classic developments of ventricular pump function and arterial re­ sistance are balanced with newer applications of ventriculo-arterial coupling, right ventricular function, and tissue oxygen delivery.

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Advanced Cardiovascular Exercise Physiology

 Cardiovascular, Physiology  Comments Off on Advanced Cardiovascular Exercise Physiology
Dec 192018
 

Written for students and professionals working within exercise science and related health professions, Advanced Cardiovascular Exercise Physiology systematically details the effect of acute and chronic exercise training on each component of the cardiovascular system: the heart, the vasculature, and the blood (including blood clotting factors).

Readers will gain a comprehensive understanding of the cardiovascular system and learn how to apply this knowledge to their work with athletes, other active individuals, and patients who have cardiovascular risk factors.

Advanced Cardiovascular Exercise Physiology highlights the complex interaction of the components of the cardiovascular system both at rest and during exercise. Using the latest scientific and medical research, this text presents engaging discussion of cardiovascular responses and adaptions to both acute and chronic aerobic and resistance exercise training. In addition, specific attention is paid to the beneficial effects of exercise on the components of the cardiovascular system and the mechanisms through which regular exercise provides cardioprotection.

Each chapter contains a summary to highlight key content, important terms bolded within the text for quick reference, and a key terms section at the end of each chapter defining all the bolded terms. In addition, sidebars within each chapter describe real-world examples and applications. Richly illustrated, Advanced Cardiovascular Exercise Physiology uses extensive figures and graphics to elucidate physiological mechanisms and to depict exercise responses and training adaptations.

This text is divided into two sections, beginning with a concise explanation of the structure and function of each component of the cardiovascular system. In the second section, readers encounter detailed discussion of the acute and chronic effects of aerobic and resistance exercise on cardiac function, vascular function, and hemostatic variables.

Advanced Cardiovascular Exercise Physiology provides a framework for understanding how the components of the cardiovascular system cooperate to support exercise and how those components adapt to and benefit from a systematic program of exercise training. By presenting current research that elucidates the specific effects and benefits of exercise on the cardiovascular system, Advanced Cardiovascular Exercise Physiology also offers readers possible future directions for research.

Human Kinetics’ Advanced Exercise Physiology series offers books for advanced undergraduate and graduate students as well as professionals in exercise science and kinesiology. These books highlight the complex interaction of the various systems both at rest and during exercise. Each text in this series offers a concise explanation of the system and details how each is affected by acute exercise and chronic exercise training. Advanced Cardiovascular Exercise Physiology is the second volume in the series.

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Occupational Physiology

 Physiology  Comments Off on Occupational Physiology
Dec 132018
 

In a clear and accessible presentation, Occupational Physiology focuses on important issues in the modern working world. Exploring major public health problems–such as musculoskeletal disorders and stress–this book explains connections between work, well-being, and health based on up-to-date research in the field.

It provides useful methods for risk assessment and guidelines on arranging a good working life from the perspective of the working individual, the company, and society as a whole.

The book focuses on common, stressful situations in different professions. Reviewing bodily demands and reactions in eight selected common, but contrasting job types, the book explains relevant physiology in a novel way. Rather than being structured according to organs in the body, the book accepts the complex physiology of typical jobs and uses this as an entry. In addition to physiological facts, the book discusses risk factors for disorders and gives ideas on how to organize and design work and tasks so as to optimize health, work ability, and productivity.

Although many books cover physiology, they are based on a traditional anatomical structure (e.g., addressing the physiology of the cardiovascular system, the gastrointestinal system, and so forth) and require readers to synthesize this knowledge into real-life complex applications. Occupational Physiology is, instead, structured around a number of typical jobs and explains their physiologies, as complex as they may be. This approach, while still presenting the physiology needed to understand occupational life, demonstrates how to use this information in situations encountered in practice.

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Women and Exercise: Physiology and Sport Medicine

 Physiology, Sports Medicine  Comments Off on Women and Exercise: Physiology and Sport Medicine
Dec 052018
 

Women and Exercise is an invluable resource for all physicians, from general practitioners to specialists seeking information outside their specialty, who need up-to-date information and expert advice about women and exercise.

 

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Vitamin C: Current Concepts in Human Physiology

 Physiology  Comments Off on Vitamin C: Current Concepts in Human Physiology
Nov 222018
 

Vitamin C is synthesized by almost all animals. However, for humans, it is a vitamin that needs constant replenishment in the diet. While its role as an anti-oxidant and for preventing scurvy have been known for a long time, novel functions and unrecognized associations continue to be identified for this enigmatic molecule. In the past decade, new details have emerged regarding differences in its uptake by oral and intravenous modes. While vitamin C deficiency remains largely unknown and poorly addressed in many segments of the population, novel pharmacological roles for high-dose, intravenous vitamin C in many disease states have now been postulated and investigated. This has shifted its role in health and disease from the long-perceived notion as merely a vitamin and an anti-oxidant to a pleiotropic molecule with a broad anti-inflammatory, epigenetic, and anti-cancer profile.
This Special Issue comprises original research papers and reviews on vitamin C metabolism and function that relate to the following topics: understanding its role in the modulation of inflammation and immunity, therapeutic applications and safety of pharmacological ascorbate in disease, and the emerging role of vitamin C as a pleiotropic modulator of critical care illness and cancer.

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Lippincott Manual of Nursing Practice Series: Pathophysiology

 Nursing, Pathology, Physiology  Comments Off on Lippincott Manual of Nursing Practice Series: Pathophysiology
Nov 132018
 

This full-color handbook clearly and succinctly explains the how and why behind disease processes and treatments and the most appropriate nursing care throughout the course of each disease. Information is presented in bulleted format, with over 100 full-color illustrations that show disease development and progression and numerous lists, tables, and flowcharts that highlight key facts. Recurring graphic icons include Focus In (illustrations showing detailed mechanisms behind disease development), Disease Block (flowcharts showing points where treatments halt disease progression), Life-Threatening Disorder, and Alert (possible complications, significant changes in clinical appearance, variations in incidence and pathophysiology, and age-related considerations).
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LPN Expert Guides: Pathophysiology

 Pathology, Physiology  Comments Off on LPN Expert Guides: Pathophysiology
Nov 132018
 

This quick-reference pocket guide succinctly explains the pathophysiology of hundreds of diseases and disorders. Richly illustrated with color art showing disease development and progression, the book gives LPNs/LVNs a clear understanding of the why behind each disease and treatment and the most appropriate nursing care. Disorders are covered in a consistent format—pathophysiology, signs and symptoms, diagnostic tests, complications, and treatments. Recurring icons include Red Flag (dangers and complications), Life Stages (age-related variations), Genetic Connection (areas where genes play a major role in disease development), and Teaching Focus (key patient teaching topics).
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Physiology and Pathophysiology of Digestion, Part 3

 Physiology  Comments Off on Physiology and Pathophysiology of Digestion, Part 3
Nov 122018
 

This collaboration of two physiologists and a gastroenterologist provides medical and graduate students, medical and surgical residents, and subspecialty fellows a comprehensive summary of digestive system physiology and addresses the pathophysiological processes that underlie some GI diseases. The textual approach proceeds by organ instead of the traditional organization followed by other GI textbooks. This approach lets the reader track the food bolus as it courses through the GI tract, learning on the way each organ’s physiologic functions as the bolus directly or indirectly contacts it. The book is divided into three parts: 1) Chapters 1-3 include coverage of basic concepts that pertain to all (or most) organs of the digestive system, salivation, chewing, swallowing, and esophageal function, 2) Chapters 4-6 are focused on the major secretory organs (stomach, pancreas, liver) that assist in the assimilation of a meal, and 3) Chapters 7 and 8 address the motor, transport, and digestive functions of the small and large intestines. Each chapter includes its own pathophysiology and clinical correlation section that underscores the importance of the organ’s normal function.
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Histopathology: Methods and Protocols (Methods in Molecular Biology, Book 1180)

 Histology, Physiology  Comments Off on Histopathology: Methods and Protocols (Methods in Molecular Biology, Book 1180)
Nov 092018
 

Histopathology: Methods and Protocols provides a comprehensive guide to the current issues in histopathology. With chapters on organ-based approaches with specific protocols for morphologic, molecular examination and pathological observations governing the therapeutic management of the diseases.

Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls.

Authoritative and practical, Histopathology: Methods and Protocols seeks to be a useful reference for pathologists, pathology residents and fellows as well as to the clinicians and scientists.

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NPH – Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus: Pathophysiology – Diagnosis – Treatment

 Pathology, Physiology  Comments Off on NPH – Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus: Pathophysiology – Diagnosis – Treatment
Nov 082018
 

Often misunderstood and misdiagnosed, normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) is a disease of the elderly that is on the rise as the population ages. Its similarities to Parkinsons disease, dementia and other chronic neurodegenerative conditions make diagnosis challenging, requiring clinicians to be alert to the signs and symptoms that differentiate it.

Here is the first comprehensive book on the topic, written by experts who have researched and taught courses on NPH for years. From clinical characteristics and pathophysiology to signs and symptoms, radiographic findings, diagnostic tests and state-of-the-art treatment techniques, it covers everything practitioners need to know about this multi-faceted condition.

Special Features:
• Describes the classic symptom triad of gait disturbance, urinary incontinence and dementia
• Covers the full sequence of the diagnostic work-up, including imaging studies, non-invasive tests, and invasive procedures such as lumbar infusion and cerebrospinal tap tests
• Explains the risks and benefits of surgical implantation of a ventricular-peritoneal (VP) shunt to relieve symptoms and restore function, including key criteria for evaluating shunt responsiveness
• Provides the first step-by-step account of operative shunt placement by Dr. Michael Fritsch, who has performed the procedure extensively at leading neurosurgical centers throughout the world
Including troubleshooting techniques following shunt surgery, long-term management of patients, prognosis for the condition and future initiatives, this all-inclusive reference makes a major contribution to the field. It is essential for neurosurgeons, neurologists, internists, residents, and other physicians who treat diseases of the elderly in everyday practice.

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