An Introduction to Microwave Imaging for Breast Cancer Detection (Biological and Medical Physics, Biomedical Engineering)

 Oncology, Radiology  Comments Off on An Introduction to Microwave Imaging for Breast Cancer Detection (Biological and Medical Physics, Biomedical Engineering)
Mar 092019
 

This book collates past and current research on one of the most promising emerging modalities for breast cancer detection. Readers will discover how, as a standalone technology or in conjunction with another modality, microwave imaging has the potential to provide reliable, safe and comfortable breast exams at low cost. Current breast imaging modalities include X- ray, Ultrasound, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, and Positron Emission Tomography. Each of these methods suffers from limitations, including poor sensitivity or specificity, high cost, patient discomfort, and exposure to potentially harmful ionising radiation. Microwave breast imaging is based on a contrast in the dielectric properties of breast tissue that exists at microwave frequencies.

The book begins by considering the anatomy and dielectric properties of the breast, contrasting historical and recent studies. Next, radar-based breast imaging algorithms are discussed, encompassing both early-stage artefact removal, and data independent and adaptive beamforming algorithms. In a similar fashion, microwave tomographic reconstruction algorithms are reviewed in the following chapter, introducing the reader to both the fundamental and more advanced algorithms. Apart from imaging, the book also reviews research efforts in extracting clinically useful information from the Radar Target Signature of breast tumours, which is used to classify tumours as either benign or malignant. Finally, the book concludes by describing the current state of the art in terms of prototype microwave breast imaging systems, with a particular emphasis on those which have progressed to the clinical evaluation stage.
This work is motivated by the fact that breast cancer is one of the leading causes of death amongst women in Europe and the US, and the second most common cancer in the world today. Such an important area of research will appeal to many scholars and practitioners.p>

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Diagnostic, Prognostic and Predictive Biological Markers in Bladder Cancer – Illumination of a Vision

 Oncology  Comments Off on Diagnostic, Prognostic and Predictive Biological Markers in Bladder Cancer – Illumination of a Vision
Mar 092019
 

This Special Issue has been introduced with the aim of offering the possibility to publish new research results from old and new pioneers in the field of bladder cancer basic research. While editing this Special Issue we learned that an enormous enthusiasm is necessary to go on in bladder cancer research.
In our eyes, bladder cancer is on one hand a very heterogenous malignancy, which is what makes it so difficult to focus on only one bladder cancer marker in bladder cancer diagnostics and follow-up. On the other hand, it is very important to find prognostic and predictive factors for bladder cancer due to its high incidence and its enormous costs, as one of the most expensive malignancies in the world. Finding and developing new bladder cancer markers is still a very dynamic field. Because there are many of these markers, it is impossible to report all of them. This Special Issue attempts to highlight the role of bladder cancer markers in diagnosis, and the most important biomarkers that have been recently studied and reported. This Special Issue highlights some of the most important markers. Further determination of recurrence and progression markers will contribute to establishing better treatments for individual patients. Molecular staging of urological tumors will allow the selection of cases that will require systemic treatment. It is necessary and important to integrate basic and clinical research under the same objectives.

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Epigenetic Advancements in Cancer

 Oncology  Comments Off on Epigenetic Advancements in Cancer
Mar 082019
 

This volume explores the epigenetic alterations and their association with various human cancers. Considering one of human cancer as an example, individual chapters are focused on defining the role of epigenetic regulators and underlying mechanisms in cancer growth and progression. Epigenetic alteration including DNA methylation, histone modification, nucleosome positioning and non-coding RNAs expression are involved in a complex network of regulating expression of oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes and constitute an important event of the multistep process of carcinogenesis. Recent advances in the understanding of the epigenetic regulation and detailed information of these epigenetic changes in various cancers provide new avenues of advancements in diagnostics, prognostics, and therapies of this highly fatal disease.

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Carcinoma of the Larynx and Hypopharynx

 Oncology  Comments Off on Carcinoma of the Larynx and Hypopharynx
Mar 072019
 

Carcinomas of the larynx and hypopharynx present unique challenges when it comes to their assessment and management. Management involves the essential dilemma of optimizing cure rates while also ensuring that potential disability due to compromised airway, voice and swallowing is minimized. Treatment decisions involve careful disease assessment, judicious multispecialty decision-making, and subsequent meticulous implementation of the selected treatment modalities.

The critical nature of each of these steps has led to dramatic advances in assessment techniques (radiology, endoscopy and photography, stroboscopy, narrow band imaging, contact endoscopy) and also in treatment methods (radiation therapy, combined concurrent chemo-radiation, combined sequential chemo-radiation, trans-oral CO2 laser and robotic surgery, partial laryngectomy, total laryngectomy, extended total laryngectomy). As such, treatment decisions have become increasingly complex with the twin objectives of maximizing cure as well as function preservation and are based on tumor stage, tumor location, systemic co-morbidities, nutritional status, patient priorities, and social and economic factors.

This multidisciplinary book has been written by a team of editors with considerable experience and expertise in these critical areas and a deep understanding of teamwork and the strengths and limitations of individual technologies and treatments. It presents a homogeneous and unbiased view that is applicable to all specialties involved in the care of larynx and hypopharynx cancers.

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Radiation Therapy Techniques for Gynecological Cancers: A Comprehensive Practical Guide

 Ob/Gynae, Oncology  Comments Off on Radiation Therapy Techniques for Gynecological Cancers: A Comprehensive Practical Guide
Mar 072019
 

This book is a practical guide to the use of modern radiation therapy techniques in women with gynecological cancers. Step-by-step instruction is provided on simulation, contouring, and treatment planning and delivery for cancers of the cervix, endometrium, vagina, and vulva. Beyond external beam radiation delivery, full details are presented on three-dimensional brachytherapy at all sites for which it is applicable. Moreover, in-depth guidance is offered on the various advanced techniques of radiation delivery, including intensity-modulated radiation therapy, image guidance for external beam and brachytherapy, and stereotactic body radiotherapy.

Radiation therapy is a critical component of the multidisciplinary management of gynecological tumors. With modern technology, both external beam radiation and brachytherapy can be delivered in a highly conformal way. This requires precise contouring and accurate planning techniques. In clearly describing the indications for and the delivery of quality radiation therapy for gynecological tumors, this book will benefit radiation oncologists, medical physicists, medical dosimetrists, radiation therapists, and radiotherapy residents.

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Counseling About Cancer: Strategies for Genetic Counseling, 3rd Edition

 Oncology  Comments Off on Counseling About Cancer: Strategies for Genetic Counseling, 3rd Edition
Feb 272019
 

Important scientific discoveries and ever-changing guidelines for how to identify and manage patients with hereditary cancer syndromes are constantly evolving. This Third Edition of Counseling About Cancer is completely updated and expanded to feature five entirely new chapters on breast cancer, colon cancer, other solid tumors, clients and families, and genetic test results and follow-up. This is the only reference and clinical book on the market for cancer genetics counselors and other healthcare providers who must quickly assimilate complex and ever-changing data on the hereditary risk for cancer.

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Cancer and its Management, 6 edition

 Oncology  Comments Off on Cancer and its Management, 6 edition
Feb 272019
 

Now in its sixth edition, this highly-regarded book is designed as an introductory text on the principles of diagnosis, staging and treatment of tumours. The new edition: Includes up-to-date information on the most recent techniques and therapies available Emphasises the importance of multidisciplinary teamwork in the care of cancer patients Highlights frequent dilemmas and difficulties encountered during cancer management Features the important contributions of a new author Professor Daniel Hochhauser Contains a brand-new two-colour design As with previous editions, the first part of the book is devoted to the mechanisms of tumour development and cancer treatment. This is followed by a systematic account of the current management of individual major cancers. For each tumour there are details of the pathology, mode of spread, clinical presentation, staging and treatment with radiotherapy and chemotherapy. This accessible and practical resource will be invaluable to trainees in oncology, palliative care and general medicine, as well as specialist nurses, general practitioners, medical students, and professions allied to medicine.

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The MASCC Textbook of Cancer Supportive Care and Survivorship

 Oncology  Comments Off on The MASCC Textbook of Cancer Supportive Care and Survivorship
Feb 262019
 

Addressing physical and psychosocial matters of survivorship prior to, during, and after anticancer treatment is central to a patient’s wellbeing. The MASCC Textbook of Cancer Supportive Care and Survivorship explores not only the diagnosis and treatment but also the increasingly recognized complex and ongoing symptoms experienced by long term cancer survivors. Significant advances have been made, designing strategies to manage the side effects and symptoms of treatment and to prevent them from occurring, maximizing the person’s ability to pursue daily activities. The MASCC Textbook of Cancer Supportive Care and Survivorship assembles international, multidisciplinary experts who focus on a comprehensive range of symptoms and side effects associated with cancer and its treatment. Intended for health professionals involved with cancer care, medical oncologists, radiation oncologists, surgeons, general practitioners, nurses and allied health workers, this textbook provides current information on the management and prevention of cancer related side effects, referring to up-to-date sources that are useful for conducting further research.
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The Tumor Microenvironment of High Grade Serous Ovarian Cancer

 Oncology  Comments Off on The Tumor Microenvironment of High Grade Serous Ovarian Cancer
Feb 252019
 

The Special Issue on high grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSOC) and the contribution of the tumor microenviroment (TME) consists of reviews contributed by leaders in the OC field. As HGSOC metastases have a highly complex TME, there is an urgent need to better understand the TME in general, its distinct components in particular, and the role of the TME in the context of disease recurrence and development of chemoresistance.
The Special Issue incorporates the current understanding of the different parts of thd TME components, including the cancer cells themselves, the cells surrounding the cancer cells or stromal cells, and the cells of the immune system, which are attracted to the site of metastases. In addition to these cells of the TME, the role of various cellular factors made by the cells of the TME are also the subject of the reviews. In addition, reviews in this Special Issue cover the complex relationships between the molecular mechanisms of HGSOC progression, including genomic, epigenomic and transcriptomic changes and changes in the immune cell landscape, as these may provide attractive new molecular targets for HGSOC therapy.

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Principles of Clinical Cancer Research

 Oncology  Comments Off on Principles of Clinical Cancer Research
Feb 242019
 

Principles of Clinical Cancer Research provides comprehensive coverage of the fundamentals of clinical cancer research, including the full spectrum of methodologies used in the field. For those involved in research or considering research careers, this book offers a mix of practical advice and analytical tools for effective training in theoretical principles as well as specific, usable teaching examples. The clinical oncologist or trainee will find a high-yield, practical guide to the interpretation of the oncology literature and the application of data to real-world settings. Valuable for both researchers and clinicians who wish to sharpen their skills, this book contains all of the cornerstones and explanations needed to produce and recognize quality clinical science in oncology.

Written from the physician-scientist’s perspective, the book lays a strong foundation in preclinical sciences that is highly relevant to careers in translational oncology research along with coverage of population and outcomes research and clinical trials. It brings together fundamental principles in oncology with the statistical concepts one needs to know to design and interpret studies successfully. With each chapter including perspectives of both clinicians and scientists or biostatisticians, Principles of Clinical Cancer Research provides balanced, instructive, and high-quality topic overviews and applications that are accessible and thorough for anyone in the field.

KEY FEATURES:

Gives real-world examples and rationales behind which research methods to use when and why
Includes numerous tables featuring key statistical methods and programming commands used in everyday clinical research
Contains illustrative practical examples and figures in each chapter to help the reader master concepts
Provides tips and pointers for structuring a career, avoiding pitfalls, and achieving success in the field of clinical cancer research
Access to fully downloadable eBook

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