Handbook on the Neuropsychology of Traumatic Brain Injury

 Neurology/Neurosurgery  Comments Off on Handbook on the Neuropsychology of Traumatic Brain Injury
Sep 282018
 

This book collects and synthesizes the latest thinking on the condition in its variety of cognitive and behavioral presentations, matched by a variety of clinical responses. Acknowledging the continuum of injury and the multi-stage nature of recovery, expert contributors review salient research data and offer clinical guidelines for the neuropsychologist working with TBI patients, detailing key areas of impairment, brief and comprehensive assessment methods and proven rehabilitation strategies. Taken together, these chapters provide a framework for best serving a wide range of TBI patients (including children, elders, and patients in multidisciplinary settings) and model treatment that is evidence-based and relevant. A sample of the topics featured in the Handbook:
– Bedside evaluations in TBI.
– Outcome assessment in TBI.
– Collaborating with family caregivers in the rehabilitation of persons with TBI.
– Behavioral assessment of acute neurobehavioral syndromes to inform treatment.
– Pediatric TBI: assessment, outcomes, intervention.
– Special issues with mild TBI in veterans and active duty service members.
Expanding professional knowledge on a topic that continues to grow in importance, the Handbook on the Neuropsychology of Traumatic Brain Injury is a premier resource, not only for neuropsychologists but also for other professionals in cognitive care, and trainees entering the field.

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Neuroscience in the Courtroom

 Neurology/Neurosurgery  Comments Off on Neuroscience in the Courtroom
Sep 272018
 

In legal cases reading a person’s mind is often attempted. There are many legal and ethical questions surrounding these attempts and the science behind them. Neuroscience in the Courtroom presents the most current research in the neuroscience area as it relates to the legal arena. In this text you will learn about the distinctions between the brain and the mind. You will also be introduced to the most recent research on detecting deception, control of aggression and the brain, cognitive disorders and brain adaptations, ethics and reliability and validation of testing and studies, and more. Actual science and pseudo-science are distinguished. This text discusses the scientific validity of information from this research as it relates to use in the courtroom. The author, William R. Uttal, also compares the results to the standards for scientific evidence presented in trial set by the Frye and Daubert criteria. He also makes recommendations as to whether or not this type of information should be admissible in court at this time. This book is an excellent starting point for any legal professional looking to understand the human mind and how research on it has impacted today’s court proceedings and evidence presented.

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Peripheral Neuropathies: A Practical Approach

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Sep 272018
 

Do you find the evaluation of a patient presenting clinical symptoms of distal extremity numbness and weakness daunting and complex? Are you unsure of the diagnostic processes and best-practices in the treatment of peripheral neuropathy? This invaluable guide presents a practical approach to the diagnosis and successful management of patients with peripheral neuropathies. Starting with a structured series of patient queries for symptoms and examination signs, the diagnostic process emphasizes the role of electrodiagnostic tests in defining the neuropathy. Specific neuropathies are presented with their epidemiology, causative pathology, diagnostic and laboratory factors, alongside advised treatments and overall management strategies. This leading resource will assist non-neuromuscular neurologists, physiatrists, neurology and physiatry residents, and will also be useful to electromyographers, proving an ideal aid for busy clinic schedules.

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Neurocognitive Learning Therapy

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Sep 272018
 

This groundbreaking volume introduces the theoretical base and clinical methods of Neurocognitive Learning Therapy, an integrative framework for client-centered intervention. The model unifies psychology and neuroscience in revisiting the connections between brain and behavior, replacing the cognitive-versus-affective binary traditional to clinical thinking with a scenario of the cognitive and emotional learning processes that work together to shape adaptive and pathological behavior. This foundation in learning theory illuminates the therapeutic relationship, synching how therapists teach with how clients learn, with guidelines for educating to encourage change. The unique flexibility of the NCLT model allows practitioners across clinical orientations the freedom to apply eclectic intervention strategies that fit clients’ learning styles and therapeutic needs. Included in the coverage: Neurocognitive Learning Therapy and Life Course Theory. Reward recognition in Neurocognitive Learning Therapy. Memory reconsolidation and Neurocognitive Learning Therapy. How to be an NCLT therapist. Neurocognitive Learning Therapy clinical procedures. Treating children with Neurocognitive Learning Therapy. Plus practice handouts and forms for therapists and patients.Neuropsychologists, child and school psychologists, and social workers will welcome Neurocognitive Learning Therapy not only as a source of theoretical insight into the brain and behavior, but also as an innovative system for enhancing their capacity for therapeutic teaching and their clients’ capacity for learning.
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Neuro-Urology

 Neurology/Neurosurgery, Urology  Comments Off on Neuro-Urology
Sep 272018
 

This volume is a useful handbook for medical doctors involved in the diagnosis and treatment of neuro-urological problems. The first section reviews the relevant neuro-anatomy and neuro-physiology and provides a practical overview of specific neuro-urological pathologic conditions. The second section discusses the various clinical entities that can be encountered and focuses on the clinical entities neuro-urological consquences. The third section is devoted to the different diagnostic possibilities. Internationally accepted algorithms are presented and put into perspective.
Section 4 deals with the triad of major clinical problems in this area: urinary (incontinence, retention and voiding dysfunction as well as upper urinary tract problems), anorectal (faecal incontinence and constipation) and sexual (erectile dysfunction and ejaculatory failure) dysfunctions. The final section covers the specific management of patients with neuro-urological problems and describes conservative and surgical treatments, providing the most recent information. Throughout, the text is accompanied by numerous illustrated case reports and discussions as well as tips and tricks based on the personal experience of the different authors.

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An Illustrated Terminologia Neuroanatomica: A Concise Encyclopedia of Human Neuroanatomy

 Anatomy, Neurology/Neurosurgery  Comments Off on An Illustrated Terminologia Neuroanatomica: A Concise Encyclopedia of Human Neuroanatomy
Sep 262018
 

This book is unique in that it provides the reader with the most up-to-date terminology used to describe the human nervous system (central and peripheral) and the related sensory organs, i.e., the Terminologia Neuroanatomica (TNA), the official terminology of the IFAA (International Federation of Associations of Anatomists). The book provides a succinct but detailed review of the neuroanatomical structures of the human body and will greatly benefit not only various specialists such as (neuro)anatomists, neurologists and neuroscientists, but also students taking neuroanatomy and neuroscience courses.

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Nervous Laughter

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Sep 262018
 

Organisational Development in Healthcare introduces the practical ways in which change in health services can be promoted. It includes descriptions of all of the most important approaches to change currently being used in the NHS discussion of when they work best and details of the evidence of their impact. ‘The interest in organisational development reflects a growing realisation that many of our previous managerial methods are inappropriate and that a new set of techniques and approaches are required. As this book points out creating a new set of jargon techniques and alchemy will surely mean that organisational development is as divorced from what clinicians do patients experience and the public expects as previous reform programmes. Change ideas such as case management for long term conditions that should directly appeal to what clinicians want to achieve could become yet another project done by management that will pass when the enthusiasm wanes and which totally alienates those it should most appeal to. This book provides a key guide to leaders trying to engage their staff in changing their organisations by bringing together theory and experience. This is important as too often theory is neglected and there is inadequate reflection on experience’ Nigel Edwards in his Foreword ‘An invaluable addition to every practising health manager’s bookshelf. I hope you gain a great deal from reading this book and I hope it helps in the efforts that are underway to transform our National Health Service.’ David Fillingham in his Foreword
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Lingua ex Machina: Reconciling Darwin and Chomsky with the Human Brain

 Neurology/Neurosurgery  Comments Off on Lingua ex Machina: Reconciling Darwin and Chomsky with the Human Brain
Sep 262018
 

A neuroscientist and a linguist show how evolution could have given rise to structured language.
A machine for language? Certainly, say the neurophysiologists, busy studying the language specializations of the human brain and trying to identify their evolutionary antecedents. Linguists such as Noam Chomsky talk about machinelike “modules” in the brain for syntax, arguing that language is more an instinct (a complex behavior triggered by simple environmental stimuli) than an acquired skill like riding a bicycle.
But structured language presents the same evolutionary problems as feathered forelimbs for flight: you need a lot of specializations to fly even a little bit. How do you get them, if evolution has no foresight and the intermediate stages do not have intermediate payoffs? Some say that the Darwinian scheme for gradual species self-improvement cannot explain our most valued human capability, the one that sets us so far above the apes, language itself.
William Calvin and Derek Bickerton suggest that other evolutionary developments, not directly related to language, allowed language to evolve in a way that eventually promoted a Chomskian syntax. They compare these intermediate behaviors to the curb-cuts originally intended for wheelchair users. Their usefulness was soon discovered by users of strollers, shopping carts, rollerblades, and so on. The authors argue that reciprocal altruism and ballistic movement planning were “curb-cuts” that indirectly promoted the formation of structured language. Written in the form of a dialogue set in Bellagio, Italy, Lingua ex Machina presents an engaging challenge to those who view the human capacity for language as a winner-take-all war between Chomsky and Darwin

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Neurovascular Coupling Methods

 Neurology/Neurosurgery  Comments Off on Neurovascular Coupling Methods
Sep 262018
 

Neurovascular Coupling Methods brings the reader up to date with the current state-of-the-art techniques in measuring blood flow in the brain, with chapters describing different techniques or combinations of techniques, applied to specific species in either healthy or abnormal brains. Opening with a section on techniques in normal somatosensory processing, the detailed volume continues with parts covering techniques in normal visual processing, epilepsy and cerebrovascular diseases, such as ischemia, hemorrhage and spreading depression. As a collection in the popular Neuromethods series, this book contains the kind of thorough description and implementation advice that will lead to successful results in the lab.
Authoritative and practical, Neurovascular Coupling Methods serves as an ideal guide for researchers aiming to further our knowledge of these coupling mechanisms in the hopes of ultimately understanding higher order functions such as language and memory and developing novel brain mapping techniques that can be employed in humans.

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Theoretical Neuroscience: Computational and Mathematical Modeling of Neural Systems

 Neurology/Neurosurgery  Comments Off on Theoretical Neuroscience: Computational and Mathematical Modeling of Neural Systems
Sep 262018
 

Theoretical neuroscience provides a quantitative basis for describing what nervous systems do, determining how they function, and uncovering the general principles by which they operate. This text introduces the basic mathematical and computational methods of theoretical neuroscience and presents applications in a variety of areas including vision, sensory-motor integration, development, learning, and memory.

The book is divided into three parts. Part I discusses the relationship between sensory stimuli and neural responses, focusing on the representation of information by the spiking activity of neurons. Part II discusses the modeling of neurons and neural circuits on the basis of cellular and synaptic biophysics. Part III analyzes the role of plasticity in development and learning. An appendix covers the mathematical methods used, and exercises are available on the book’s Web site.

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