Nervous Laughter

 Neurology/Neurosurgery  Comments Off on Nervous Laughter
Sep 262018
 

Organisational Development in Healthcare introduces the practical ways in which change in health services can be promoted. It includes descriptions of all of the most important approaches to change currently being used in the NHS discussion of when they work best and details of the evidence of their impact. ‘The interest in organisational development reflects a growing realisation that many of our previous managerial methods are inappropriate and that a new set of techniques and approaches are required. As this book points out creating a new set of jargon techniques and alchemy will surely mean that organisational development is as divorced from what clinicians do patients experience and the public expects as previous reform programmes. Change ideas such as case management for long term conditions that should directly appeal to what clinicians want to achieve could become yet another project done by management that will pass when the enthusiasm wanes and which totally alienates those it should most appeal to. This book provides a key guide to leaders trying to engage their staff in changing their organisations by bringing together theory and experience. This is important as too often theory is neglected and there is inadequate reflection on experience’ Nigel Edwards in his Foreword ‘An invaluable addition to every practising health manager’s bookshelf. I hope you gain a great deal from reading this book and I hope it helps in the efforts that are underway to transform our National Health Service.’ David Fillingham in his Foreword
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Lingua ex Machina: Reconciling Darwin and Chomsky with the Human Brain

 Neurology/Neurosurgery  Comments Off on Lingua ex Machina: Reconciling Darwin and Chomsky with the Human Brain
Sep 262018
 

A neuroscientist and a linguist show how evolution could have given rise to structured language.
A machine for language? Certainly, say the neurophysiologists, busy studying the language specializations of the human brain and trying to identify their evolutionary antecedents. Linguists such as Noam Chomsky talk about machinelike “modules” in the brain for syntax, arguing that language is more an instinct (a complex behavior triggered by simple environmental stimuli) than an acquired skill like riding a bicycle.
But structured language presents the same evolutionary problems as feathered forelimbs for flight: you need a lot of specializations to fly even a little bit. How do you get them, if evolution has no foresight and the intermediate stages do not have intermediate payoffs? Some say that the Darwinian scheme for gradual species self-improvement cannot explain our most valued human capability, the one that sets us so far above the apes, language itself.
William Calvin and Derek Bickerton suggest that other evolutionary developments, not directly related to language, allowed language to evolve in a way that eventually promoted a Chomskian syntax. They compare these intermediate behaviors to the curb-cuts originally intended for wheelchair users. Their usefulness was soon discovered by users of strollers, shopping carts, rollerblades, and so on. The authors argue that reciprocal altruism and ballistic movement planning were “curb-cuts” that indirectly promoted the formation of structured language. Written in the form of a dialogue set in Bellagio, Italy, Lingua ex Machina presents an engaging challenge to those who view the human capacity for language as a winner-take-all war between Chomsky and Darwin

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Neurovascular Coupling Methods

 Neurology/Neurosurgery  Comments Off on Neurovascular Coupling Methods
Sep 262018
 

Neurovascular Coupling Methods brings the reader up to date with the current state-of-the-art techniques in measuring blood flow in the brain, with chapters describing different techniques or combinations of techniques, applied to specific species in either healthy or abnormal brains. Opening with a section on techniques in normal somatosensory processing, the detailed volume continues with parts covering techniques in normal visual processing, epilepsy and cerebrovascular diseases, such as ischemia, hemorrhage and spreading depression. As a collection in the popular Neuromethods series, this book contains the kind of thorough description and implementation advice that will lead to successful results in the lab.
Authoritative and practical, Neurovascular Coupling Methods serves as an ideal guide for researchers aiming to further our knowledge of these coupling mechanisms in the hopes of ultimately understanding higher order functions such as language and memory and developing novel brain mapping techniques that can be employed in humans.

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Theoretical Neuroscience: Computational and Mathematical Modeling of Neural Systems

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Sep 262018
 

Theoretical neuroscience provides a quantitative basis for describing what nervous systems do, determining how they function, and uncovering the general principles by which they operate. This text introduces the basic mathematical and computational methods of theoretical neuroscience and presents applications in a variety of areas including vision, sensory-motor integration, development, learning, and memory.

The book is divided into three parts. Part I discusses the relationship between sensory stimuli and neural responses, focusing on the representation of information by the spiking activity of neurons. Part II discusses the modeling of neurons and neural circuits on the basis of cellular and synaptic biophysics. Part III analyzes the role of plasticity in development and learning. An appendix covers the mathematical methods used, and exercises are available on the book’s Web site.

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Handbook of Dystonia, 2nd edition

 Neurology/Neurosurgery  Comments Off on Handbook of Dystonia, 2nd edition
Sep 252018
 

As many as 250,000 people in the United States have dystonia, making it the third most common movement disorder following essential tremor and Parkinson’s disease.

Authoritative and reader-friendly, Handbook of Dystonia, Second Edition provides a wide-ranging overview of the latest research and developments regarding the pathogenesis, evaluation, and management of the disease. The book offers detailed coverage of every available treatment option for dystonia and includes four categorized sections on medical management, botulinum toxin injections, phenol and neurolytic therapy, and surgical intervention.

The book reviews the genetic factors of dystonia and supplies in-depth coverage of the neuroanatomy, neurophysiology, and neuropathology of the disease. It covers secondary causes of dystonia, including drug-induced and psychogenic presentations. It also examines non-motor symptoms relating to movement disorders and analyzes innovative approaches for treatment including deep brain stimulation.

New to the Second Edition:

Four new chapters dedicated to the discussion of individual botulinum toxins recently approved to treat dystonia: Botox, Myobloc, Disport, and Xeomin
Dystonic symptoms associated with Parkinson’s disorders
The use of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) as a treatment option for dystonia
Spasticity and its pathogenesis, evaluation, and treatment with toxins, other injectables and surgical therapies
Summarizing what is known about the disorder, the book dramatically improves the recognition and understanding of this debilitating disease.

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Neuroanatomy for Speech Language Pathology and Audiology

 Anatomy, Neurology/Neurosurgery, Physiology  Comments Off on Neuroanatomy for Speech Language Pathology and Audiology
Sep 252018
 

This neuroanatomy text is specifically tailored to the needs of students in Communication Sciences and Disorders. It includes foundational knowledge of general neuroanatomy with a focus on neuroanatomy that is relevant to speech language pathology and audiology. This accessible text introduces students to neuroanatomy with excellent organization of important topics such as, key information on the neurology of: language, speech, hearing, swallowing, cognition, and emotion. The chapter on emotion will be especially relevant to those working with clients with autism spectrum disorders. Neuroanatomy for Speech Language Pathology and Audiology will help students meet ASHA’s Knowledge and Skills Acquisition learning outcome IIIB, which states: ‘Student will demonstrate knowledge of basic human communication and swallowing processes, including their biological, neurological, acoustical, cultural, and developmental bases.”

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Absolute Pediatric Neurology: Essential Questions and Answers

 Neurology/Neurosurgery, Pediatrics  Comments Off on Absolute Pediatric Neurology: Essential Questions and Answers
Sep 232018
 

This practical book features more than 1000 questions and answers with illustrations for pediatric neurologists, adult neurologists, general pediatricians and students taking their initial board examination and maintenance of certification. All questions are in multiple choice format and followed by the correct answer with a full explanation and appropriate references. Chapters are sectioned by different topics in pediatric neurology, including Epilepsy, Metabolic Disorders and Movement Disorders and other topics. Timely and thorough, this is a handy and succinct resource.

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Neurofeedback in the Treatment of Developmental Trauma: Calming the Fear-Driven Brain

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Sep 222018
 

Neurofeedback, a type of “brain training” that allows us to see and change the patterns of our brain, has existed for over 40 years with applications as wide-ranging as the treatment of epilepsy, migraines, and chronic pain to performance enhancement in sports. Today, leading brain researchers and clinicians, interested in what the brain can tell us about mental health and well being, are also taking notice. Indeed, the brain’s circuitry-its very frequencies and rhythmic oscillations-reveals much about its role in our emotional stability and resilience. Neurofeedback allows clinicians to guide their, clients as they learn to transform brain-wave patterns, providing a new window into how we view and treat mental illness. In this cutting-edge book, experienced clinician Sebern Fisher keenly demonstrates neurofeedback’s profound ability to help treat one of the most intractable mental health concerns of our time: severe childhood abuse, neglect, or abandonment, otherwise known as developmental trauma. When an attachment rupture occurs between a child and her or his primary caregiver, a tangle of complicated symptoms can set in: severe emotional dysregulation, chronic dissociation, self-destructive behaviors, social isolation, rage, and fear. Until now, few reliable therapies existed to combat developmental trauma. But as the author so eloquently presents in this book, by focusing on a client’s brain-wave patterns and “training” them to operate at different frequencies, the rhythms of the brain, body, and mind are normalized, attention stabilizes, fear subsides, and, with persistent, dedicated training, regulation sets in. A mix of fundamental theory and nuts-and-bolts practice, the book delivers a carefully articulated and accessible look at the mind and brain in developmental trauma, what a “trauma identity” looks like, and how neurofeedback can be used to retrain the brain, thereby fostering a healthier, more stable state of mind. Essential clinical skills are also fully covered, including how to introduce the idea of neurofeedback to clients, how to combine it with traditional psychotherapy, and how to perform assessments. In his foreword to the book, internationally recognized trauma expert Bessel van der Kolk, MD, praises Fisher as “an immensely experienced neurofeedback practitioner [and] the right person to teach us how to integrate it into clinical practice.” Filled with illuminating client stories, powerful clinical insights, and plenty of clinical “how to,” she accomplishes just that, offering readers a compelling look at exactly how this innovative model can be used to engage the brain to find peace and to heal.
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Neuroprotective Therapy for Stroke and Ischemic Disease

 Neurology/Neurosurgery  Comments Off on Neuroprotective Therapy for Stroke and Ischemic Disease
Sep 202018
 

A critical and comprehensive look at current state-of-the-art scientific and translational research being conducted internationally, in academia and industry, to address new ways to provide effective treatment to victims of ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke and other ischemic diseases. Currently stroke can be successfully treated through the administration of a thrombolytic, but the therapeutic window is short and many patients are not able to receive treatment. Only about 30% of patients are “cured” by available treatments. In 5 sections, the proposed volume will explore historical and novel neuroprotection mechanisms and targets, new and combination therapies, as well as clinical trial design for some of the recent bench-side research.

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Cerebrovascular and Endovascular Neurosurgery: Complication Avoidance and Management

 Neurology/Neurosurgery  Comments Off on Cerebrovascular and Endovascular Neurosurgery: Complication Avoidance and Management
Sep 182018
 

This book is an up-to-date, well-referenced practical resource that offers detailed guidance on the avoidance and management of complications in patients treated for cerebrovascular and spinal vascular disease. All complication avoidance and management techniques currently available to the endovascular/cerebrovascular surgeon are reviewed by pioneers and leaders in the field to provide the clinician with an advanced single point of reference on the subject.
The book is divided into four sections. It opens by discussing general issues, such as definition of complications, medicolegal aspects, the role of resident training, and checklists. The subsequent three sections address the avoidance and management of complications when performing surgical, endovascular, and radiosurgical procedures, covering the full ran

ge of indications and potential adverse events. All chapters have a standardized format, simplifying the search for information on a specific disease process. Numerous intraoperative images are included, and, when appropriate, algorithms for the avoidance, early recognition, and management of complications are presented. Each chapter concludes with a checklist of preparatory steps and “emergency procedures” that each member of the team must perform in order to ensure the best possible outcomes.

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