Breasts: The Owner’s Manual: Every Woman’s Guide to Reducing Cancer Risk, Making Treatment Choices, and Optimizing Outcomes

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May 182018
 

Most women don’t want to hear about breast cancer unless they have it and need to make some decisions, but these days news about breast cancer—the number one killer of women ages twenty to fifty-nine—is everywhere. Hope for a cure abounds. Celebrities have come forward to share their experiences and raise awareness. Chances are you know someone who has had it.

But did you know that you make choices every day that bring you closer to breast cancer—or move you farther away? That in the majority of cases, cancer isn’t up to fate, and there are ways to reduce your risk factors? That many of the things you’ve heard regarding the causes of breast cancer are flat-out false?

There have been few solid guidelines on how to improve your breast health, lower your risk of getting cancer, optimize your outcomes if you’re faced with a diagnosis, and make informed medical choices after treatment. Until now.

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Perineal and Anal Sphincter Trauma: Diagnosis and Clinical Management

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May 182018
 

This book clarifies and explains perineal anatomy and the pathophysiology of anal incontinence as well as applied pharmacology. It also institutes the new recommended classification of perineal tears, and describes anal sphincter repair techniques. The emphasis is on correct post-operative management, management of pregnancy following previous anal sphincter injury, and prevention of anal sphincter tears. The book will interest students, colorectal surgeons, physiotherapists, midwives, continence advisors, labour wards and lawyers.
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HIV & AIDS: A Very Short Introduction, 2nd Edition

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May 182018
 

In 2008 it was believed that HIV/AIDS was without doubt the worst epidemic to hit humankind since the Black Death. The first case was identified in 1981; by 2004 it was estimated that about 40 million people were living with the disease, and about 20 million had died. Yet the outlook today is a little brighter. Although HIV/ AIDS continues to be a pressing public health issue the epidemic has stabilised globally, and it has become evident it is not, nor will it be, a
global issue. The worst affected regions are southern and eastern Africa. Elsewhere, HIV is found in specific, usually, marginalised populations, for example intravenous drug users in Russia.

Although there still remains no cure for HIV, there have been unprecedented breakthroughs in understanding the disease and developing drugs. Access to treatment over the last ten years has turned AIDS into a chronic disease, although it is still a challenge to make antiviral treatment available to all that require it. We also have new evidence that treatment greatly reduces infectivity, and this has led to the movement of ‘Treatment as Prevention’. In this Very Short Introduction Alan Whiteside provides an introduction to AIDS, tackling the science, the international and local politics, the demographics, and the devastating consequences of the disease. He looks at the problems a developing international ‘AIDS fatigue’ poses to funding for sufferers, but also shows how domestic resources are increasingly being mobilised, despite the stabilisation of international funding. Finally Whiteside considers how the need to understand and change our behaviour has caused us to reassess what it means to be human and how we should operate in the globalizing world.

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Hypertension and Organ Damage: A Case-Based Guide to Management

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May 172018
 

Presents cases involving the essential forms of hypertension frequently encountered in clinical practice, rather than rare presentations
Helps in transferring general recommendations from guidelines to daily clinical practice
Aids patient-specific selection of diagnostic approach and treatment

This book is designed to assist physicians in choosing among diagnostic procedures and therapeutic options when caring for patients with hypertension and markers of organ damage. The comprehensive description of practical clinical cases sets this book apart from other publications and will help the reader to transfer general guideline recommendations to the clinical setting. With this purpose, the cases have been selected to reflect situations frequently encountered during clinical routine, rather than hypertensive crises or emergencies or the rare presentations that tend to be addressed in case reports in scientific journals. The scenarios considered include treated hypertension with uncontrolled blood pressure levels in patients with left ventricular hypertrophy, diastolic dysfunction, carotid atherosclerosis, microalbuminuria and renal impairment, proteinuria and renal disease, and abnormal pulse pressure. By representing clinical practice in a “real world” setting, these paradigmatic cases will enable the practitioner to select the diagnostic tools and form of treatment best suited to the individual patient and the particular cardiovascular risk profile, thereby optimizing outcomes

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Alcohol and Aging: Clinical and Public Health Perspectives

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May 172018
 

This book provides a current perspective on alcohol and aging to better understand the trends, costs, benefits, and clinical and community evidenced-based strategies. This book embraces not only the physical, cognitive, psychological, and social health benefits of moderate drinking in the elderly, it also delves into the risks of excessive drinking, including physical and psychiatric morbidity, neurodegeneration, medication complications, and accidents and injuries, and loss of independence. Written by experts in the field, this book is the only current text that includes the most current scientific, research, empirical, and practice information alongside a comprehensive review of the status of the field that will help guide alcohol use management and stimulate future research.
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Applications of Intelligent Optimization in Biology and Medicine: Current Trends and Open Problems

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May 172018
 

This volume provides updated, in-depth material on the application of intelligent optimization in biology and medicine. The aim of the book is to present solutions to the challenges and problems facing biology and medicine applications. This Volume comprises of 13 chapters, including an overview chapter, providing an up-to-date and state-of-the research on the application of intelligent optimization for bioinformatics applications, DNA based Steganography, a modified Particle Swarm Optimization Algorithm for Solving Capacitated Maximal Covering Location Problem in Healthcare Systems, Optimization Methods for Medical Image Super Resolution Reconstruction and breast cancer classification. Moreover, some chapters that describe several bio-inspired approaches in MEDLINE Text Mining, DNA-Binding Proteins and Classes, Optimized Tumor Breast Cancer Classification using Combining Random Subspace and Static Classifiers Selection Paradigms, and Dental Image Registration. The book will be a useful compendium for a broad range of readers―from students of undergraduate to postgraduate levels and also for researchers, professionals, etc.―who wish to enrich their knowledge on Intelligent Optimization in Biology and Medicine and applications with one single book.

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Muscles, Nerves, and Pain: A Guide to Diagnosis, Pain Concepts and Therapy

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May 172018
 

Many patients suffer from problems in their muscles or nerves in combination with pain. This book is about the complex interplay between the causes of these problems and the puzzle they pose.

Pain is the subjective experience of a psychophysical phenomenon arising from a defined area in the body. It is a cry for help and challenges the physician to ask the right questions and to carry out the right examinations. If they succeed in doing so, the patient’s signs and symptoms will be translated into the present knowledge of pain concepts to initiate appropriate therapy. With this goal in mind, this book summarizes the latest scientific information on pain states and their mechanisms. It provides a deeper understanding of the different pain conditions and allows physicians to form strategies for better pain therapy. The second edition includes more graphs, tables, and illustrations. It is updated with the current and dynamically expanding knowledge on the therapy of several disease states and explains in more detail the processing of pain in the central nervous system.

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Evaluating Investments in Health Care Systems: Health Technology Assessment

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May 172018
 

This book focuses on the innovative and more critical management approach adopted in the PA (Public Administration) in order to identify and describe the main models and instruments to economically evaluate the decision making process in accordance to the specific conditions such as efficiency, effectiveness, cost and equity. The manuscript pays special attention to this sector by identifying, investigating and applying the main evaluation models (logic and methods) of the decision making process, in particular in terms of investment decisions. In the recent decades, with reference to PA, several managerial approaches have been developed from a business management perspective. These managerial approaches differ in terms of variables analyzed, such as the role of governance or the specific logics and mechanisms applied, but all of them have a common goal, which is the improvement of efficiency, effectiveness, economic and equitable decision making and operations in the PA. This book investigates the different mentioned frameworks adopting a wider and integrated analysis perspective on the evaluation of investments in the health care system.

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Assessment of Population Health Risks of Policies

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May 172018
 

Assessment of Population Health Risks of Policies
Gabriel Guliš, Odile Mekel, Balázs Ádám, and Liliana Cori, editors

Public health continues to evolve as professionals work not only to prevent disease and promote well-being but also to reduce health disparities and protect the environment. To a greater extent, policy is intimately linked to this process, a reality that is gaining traction in the public health sector.

With this understanding in mind, Assessment of Population Health Risks of Policies introduces an international set of guidelines, Risk Assessment from Policies to Impact Dimension (RAPID). In keeping with widely recognized models of public health operations, this innovative methodology factors in social, environmental, and economic health determinants to predict adverse outcomes to populations arising from large-scale policy decisions. Case studies from across the European Union illustrate both the intricacies of risk quantification and other components of assessment and possible relationships between policy and health outcomes. And contributors suggest how international health standards may be implemented despite significant cultural and political differences among nations. Included in the coverage:

– Public health, policy analysis, risk assessment and impact assessment
– Risk assessment, impact assessment and evaluation
– Top-down versus bottom-up policy risk assessment
– Quantification of health risks
– Application of RAPID guidance on an international policy
– Use of policy risk assessment results in political decision making

Assessment of Population Health Risks of Policies is an essential and proactive read for researchers and practitioners in impact assessment, public policy, public health, and epidemiology.

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Dry Needling for Manual Therapists : Points, Techniques and Treatments

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May 172018
 

Designed to be a go-to reference for assessment and treatment planning in the clinic, this is a clear and concise handbook for students and practitioners of dry needling, or medical acupuncture. It includes:

· Comprehensive medical illustrations demonstrating trigger point locations and associated pain referral patterns
· Easy-to-follow instructions and photographs demonstrating musculoskeletal dry needling points and electroacupuncture techniques
· Dedicated section on the acupuncture treatment of tendinopathy
· Vital information on palpation and correct needling techniques
· Practical guidance on best practice, safety and treatment planning
· Overviews of the history and key principles of Traditional Chinese medicine and acupuncture
· Up-to-date research on the effect of acupuncture in the treatment of MSK conditions, myofascial pain, trigger points (MTrPS), fascia and pain.

The book will be an essential aid for osteopaths, physiotherapists, sports rehabilitators, chiropractors, massage therapists, as well as traditional acupuncturists wishing to understand a Western approach on acupuncture. Other health professionals incorporating, or looking to incorporate dry needling into their treatment programme, will also find this book an invaluable resource.

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