Nearly 120,000 people are in need of healthy organs in the United States. Every ten minutes a new name is added to the list, while on average twenty people die each day waiting for an organ to become available. Worse, our traditional reliance on cadaveric organ donation is becoming increasingly insufficient, and in recent years there has been a decline in the number of living donors as well as in the percentage of living donors relative to overall kidney donors. Some transplant surgeons and policy advocates have responded to this shortage by arguing for the legalization of the sale of organs among living donors. Andrew Flescher objects to this approach by going beyond concerns traditionally cited about social justice, commodification, and patient safety, and moving squarely onto the terrain of discussing what motivates major and costly acts of human selflessness.
What is the most efficacious means of attracting prospective living kidney donors? Flescher, drawing on literature in the fields of moral psychology and economics, as well as on scores of interviews with living donors, suggests that inculcating a sense of altruism and civic duty is a more effective means of increasing donor participation than the resort to financial incentives. He encourages individuals to spend time with patients on dialysis in order to become acquainted with their plight and, as an alternative to lump-sum payments, consider innovative solutions that positively impact living donor participation that do not undermine the spirit of the National Organ Transplant Act of 1984. This book not only re-examines the important debate over whether to allow the sale of organs; it is also the first volume in the field to take a close look at alternative solutions to the organ shortage crisis.
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CURRENT Practice Guidelines in Inpatient Medicine, 2018-2019 is written to spare busy physicians, nurse practitioners, physician assistants, and medical students from having to wade through full-length practice guidelines in order to provide high-quality care for hospitalized adults. With content drawn from reliable sources such as major professional societies and government agencies, each section of the book outlines the guidelines surrounding initial assessment, acute management, and subsequent care for conditions commonly encountered in the hospital setting.
CURRENT Practice Guidelines in Inpatient Medicine, 2018-2019 strikes the perfect balance between brevity and clinical necessity, delivering exactly the amount of information needed – no more, no less
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Retaining its logical organization, body systems approach, and focus on word parts, word building, and word analysis; this 4th Edition of A Short Course in Medical Terminology reflects current medical usage and is now even more concise, student-friendly, and accessible. This edition features an enhanced art and design program, a more standardized chapter structure, and a vast array of in-text and online learning resources that help students master the language of medicine as they prepare for practice in today’s rapidly changing healthcare environment.
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Valuable to practicing physicians, residents,medical students, as well as recertifying physiatrists
Includes timely chapters on sports, trauma, cardiac, and spinal rehabilitation
Covers therapeutic exercise and treatment modalitiesfor pain and dysfunction
- Presents a practical approach to the physical medicine and rehabilitation patient, including common pathologies and complications
- Focuses on the clinical aspects of physical medicine and rehabilitation with an emphasis on evidence-based medicine
- Lays down a foundation of anatomy, kinesiology, and biomechanics before progressing to therapeutic exercise and modalities
- Reviews diagnostic and therapeutic procedures performed by physicians such as electrodiagnostics, musculoskeletal ultrasound, and spine and joint injections
Concludes with a comprehensive review of major primary care issues
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A multiplicity of factors converging together suggest the long term/post-acute care (LTPAC) provider community (e.g. nursing homes, behavioral health facilities, home health agencies, etc.) will accelerate in importance within the healthcare ecosystem during the next few years. The challenge for many LTPAC providers in this emerging environment will be to advance their clinical health information technologies (health IT) capabilities in order to “play” with other providers in the healthcare “sandbox.” This book is designed to assist LTPAC leaders in identifying and exploring the array of critical issues one needs to consider in order to operate within an advanced clinical health IT ecosystem.
This book surveys key issues surrounding the use of clinical health IT in LTPAC settings, to include providing readers with a suggested strategic plan and roadmap for selecting and installing digital health technologies in LTPAC organizations. Though the focus of the book primarily centers on the U.S. LTPAC provider’s experience, the authors also spend time addressing global and future LTPAC considerations.
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What is the life of a doctor really like? Is there an end to studying? Are money and prestige guaranteed? Can a fulfilling medical career and a satisfying family life co-exist and what support can a parent or partner give? Which doctors are the happiest? What is the most important question to ask yourself before studying medicine?
An insider’s calm and considered answers could determine whether you choose to pursue this high-stakes career.
Becoming a doctor is a tremendous privilege and a serious responsibility. With her trademark warmth and story-telling ability, Ranjana Srivastava delves into the reality of being a doctor in the modern era of medicine. Through lived experience as a front-line clinician, prolific writer, and mother, she celebrates the highlights of being a doctor but doesn’t flinch from the disappointments. Her compelling stories illustrate the hidden facets of a life in medicine. From the burden of prolonged medical training and the regret of mismatched expectations, to the humility of caring and the joy of making a difference, this book contains illuminating observations, reflection and advice that should be required reading for anyone contemplating a career as a doctor.
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Covering the fundamentals, science, history, and analysis of clues, The Handy Forensic Science Answer Book: Reading Clues at the Crime Scene, Crime Lab and in Court provides detailed information on crime scene investigations, techniques, laboratory finding, the latest research, and controversies. It looks at the science of law enforcement, how evidence is gathered, processed, analyzed, and viewed in the courtroom, and more.
From the cause, manner, time of a death, and autopsies to blood, toxicology, DNA typing, fingerprints, ballistics, tool marks, tread impressions, and trace evidence, it takes the reader through the many sides of a death investigation. Arson, accidents, computer crimes, criminal profiling, and much, much more are also addressed.
The Handy Forensic Science Answer Book gives real-world examples and looks at what Hollywood gets right and wrong. It provides the history of the science, and it introduces the scientists behind breakthroughs.
An easy-to-use and informative reference, it brings the complexity of a criminal investigation into focus and provides well-researched answers to over 950 common questions, such as …
• What is the difference between cause of death and manner of death?
• How did a person’s skull fit into criminal evidence in the early 1800s?
• When were fingerprints first used to identify a criminal?
• How is the approximate time of death of a crime scene victim determined?
• What is forensic serology?
• What is the National Missing and Unidentified Persons System?
• Can a forensics expert look at skeletal remains and tell whether the person was obese?
• How can a simple knot analyzed in the crime lab be used as evidence?
• Can fingerprints be permanently changed or destroyed?
• How fast does a bullet travel?
• How was a chemical analysis of ink important in the conviction of Martha Stewart?
• What types of data are often retrieved from a crime scene cellphone?
• Can analyses similar to those used in forensics be used to uncover doping in athletics?
• What is the Personality Assessment Inventory?
• What are some motives that cause an arsonist to start a fire?
• What state no longer allows bite marks as admissible evidence in a trial?
• What is the Innocence Project?
• Why are eyewitness accounts not always reliable? & bull; Who was “Jack the Ripper”?
Providing the facts, stats, history, and science, The Handy Forensic Science Answer Book answers intriguing questions about criminal investigations. This informative book also includes a helpful bibliography, glossary of terms, and an extensive index, adding to its usefulness.
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By far, the most widely used subjects in psychological and biological research today are rodents. Although rats and mice comprise the largest group of animals used in research, there are over 2,000 species and 27 families of rodents, living all over the world (except Antarctica) and thriving in many different habitat types. The vast environmental diversity that rodents face has led to numerous adaptations for communication, including vocalizing and hearing in both the sonic and ultrasonic ranges, effectively communicating in the open air and underground, and using vocalizations for coordinating sexual behavior, for mother-pup interactions, and for signaling an alarming situation to the group. Some rodent species have even developed foot drumming behaviors for communication. Comparative studies from around the globe, using both field and laboratory methodologies, reveal the vast differences in acoustic communication behavior across many rodent species.
Some rodents are amenable to training and have been domesticated and bred purely for research purposes. Since the early 1900s, rats and mice have been indispensable to research programs around the world. Thus, much of what we know about hearing and vocalizations in rodents come from these two species tested in the laboratory. The sequencing of the mouse genome in 2002, followed by the rat genome in 2004, only increased the utility of these animals as research subjects since genetically engineered strains mimicking human diseases and disorders could be developed more easily. In the laboratory, rats and mice are used as models for human communication and hearing disorders and are involved in studies on hearing loss and prevention, hormones, and auditory plasticity, to name a few. We know that certain strains of mice retain hearing better than others throughout their lifespan, and about the genes involved in those differences. We know about the effects of noise, hormones, sex, aging, and circadian rhythms on hearing in mice and other rodents. We also know about normal hearing in many families of rodents, including the perception of simple and complex stimuli and the anatomy and physiology of hearing and sound localization.
The importance of acoustic communication to these animals, as well as the significance of these mammals to biomedical research, are summarized in the chapters.
This book details the advances in cardiac MRI that have enabled quantitative tissue characterization of the myocardium using myocardial and blood T1 measurements, which have enabled reliable detection of diffuse pathological processes in both the cardiomyocytes and the interstitial cells of the myocardium. Evaluation of the native myocardial and interstitial fibrosis, and measurement of the extracellular volume fraction has allowed an unprecedented opportunity to elucidate the pathology, diagnosis and prognosis of cardiovascular disease.
T1-Mapping in Myocardial Disease: Principles and Applications reviews a wide spectrum of significant cardiovascular disease and provides relevant guidance for the clinical implementation of this innovative technique. The specific topics covered include principles of T1-mapping in cardiovascular disease and the role of T1-mapping in hypertensive heart disease and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, cardiotoxicity from cancer treatment, cardiacfibrosis, left ventricular hypertrophy in aortic stenosis, peri-infarct injury in ischemic cardiomyopathy, and stem cell therapy. This comprehensive coverage of the utility of T1-mapping in cardiovascular diseases will greatly appeal to the entire cardiovascular medicine and imaging communities.
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