Hormones, Metabolism and the Benefits of Exercise

 Epidemiology  Comments Off on Hormones, Metabolism and the Benefits of Exercise
Mar 092018
 

The world is faced with an epidemic of metabolic diseases such as obesity and type 2 diabetes. This is due to changes in dietary habits and the decrease in physical activity. Exercise is usually part of the prescription, the first line of defense, to prevent or treat metabolic disorders. However, we are still learning how and why exercise provides metabolic benefits in human health. This volume focuses on the cellular and molecular pathways that link exercise, muscle biology, hormones and metabolism. This will include novel “myokines” that might act as new therapeutic agents in the future.

 

 

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Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis: Current Understanding, Management, and Future Developments

 Epidemiology  Comments Off on Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis: Current Understanding, Management, and Future Developments
Mar 092018
 

This text provides a state-of-the art review of primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC). The volume focuses on new data about risk factors for PSC, its natural history of the disease, and the epidemiology and genetics of PSC, while providing a comprehensive overview on current and future therapies for PSC, management of cholangiocarcinoma, and other hepatobiliary malignancies. It also touches upon up-to-date surgical and endoscopic management, including liver transplantation- both deceased donor and living related liver transplantation.

Written by experts in the field, Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis: Current Understanding, Management, and Future Developments is a valuable resource for clinicians, surgeons and researchers with an interest in biliary liver disease, inflammatory bowel disease, and liver transplantation.

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Cerebral Palsy: A Multidisciplinary Approach

 Epidemiology  Comments Off on Cerebral Palsy: A Multidisciplinary Approach
Mar 092018
 

This third edition systematically reviews recent developments in the diagnosis and evidence-based treatment of cerebral palsy, a consequence of foetal and early infant brain damage resulting in lifelong disabilities with a range of clinical characteristics. The first part discusses the definition, aetiology, classification, imaging and neuropathology, while the second focuses on the management of the individual challenges that children with cerebral palsy face, such as spasticity, dyskinesia, feeding problems and scoliosis.
Based on the diverse characteristics of cerebral palsy, children require care from various specialists, including neuro-paediatricians, orthopaedists, psychologists, epidemiologists, physiotherapists and occupational therapists. This work was written by an international team of such specialists, providing a comprehensive mix of perspectives and expertise.

 

 

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Zika Virus and Diseases: From Molecular Biology to Epidemiology

 Epidemiology  Comments Off on Zika Virus and Diseases: From Molecular Biology to Epidemiology
Mar 052018
 

Compiles the most current information on the Zika virus and its associated diseases

This comprehensive book provides the most up–to–date information for students, medical students, and scientists on Zika virus and its associated diseases. It includes all the information related to the Zika virus since its discovery in 1947; its epidemic outbreak in 2007–2014; how the epidemiology changed in America in 2015–2016; its mode of transmission; how to prevent and treat it; and associated diseases.

Zika Virus and Diseases: From Molecular Biology to Epidemiology offers complete and up–to–date coverage in 10 chapters. It presents information from papers that attempted to associate the virus with diseases in Africa until the first animal experiment; discusses its association with Guillain–Barré syndrome and microcephaly; describes the basic mechanisms for Zika (ZIKV) replication, including important differences between Dengue (DENV), West–Nile virus (WNV), and ZIKV; explains the difference between the strains and discusses the pathogenesis of them; covers the papers that showed all the interferences that Zika can cause, and the pathways which can be modified; and more.

The first book since 1947 to put together all the scientific information
Compiles all the information received in the last year about Zika virus
Clearly demonstrates the origin and discovery of the virus
Zika Virus and Diseases: From Molecular Biology to Epidemiology will appeal to graduate students, medical students, basic researchers, clinicians in infectious disease, microbiology, and virology, as well as people in related disciplines interested in learning more about this topic.

 

 

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Dysphagia: Complications, Management and Clinical Aspects

 Epidemiology  Comments Off on Dysphagia: Complications, Management and Clinical Aspects
Mar 032018
 

Dysphagia is the difficulty or improper swallowing of liquids, solids, or even saliva. This book provides new research on the complications, management and clinical aspects of dysphagia. Chapter One reviews the development of normal swallowing in infants and children and protective reflexes to prevent aspiration; the pathophysiologic events that occur due to aspiration and some of the disease processes in children associated with dysphagia; and current methods of diagnosis of dysphagia and its therapy in children. Chapter Two focuses on dysphagia after suffering a stroke. Chapter Three discusses the incidence, mechanism, and treatment of dysphagia and pneumonia in acute intracerebral hemorrhage. Chapter Four reviews the epidemiology of dysphagia in patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and the method of evaluating their swallowing problems.

Series: Digestive Diseases – Research and Clinical Developments.

 

 

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Interdisciplinary Concepts in Cardiovascular Health

 Cardiovascular, Epidemiology  Comments Off on Interdisciplinary Concepts in Cardiovascular Health
Feb 282018
 

This book provides an introduction to the principles of both cardiovascular epidemiology and molecular pathophysiology; as a unique aspect, it also outlines and discusses the molecular concepts underlying epidemiological observations.

 

 

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An Introduction to Infectious Disease Modelling 1st Edition

 Epidemiology  Comments Off on An Introduction to Infectious Disease Modelling 1st Edition
Feb 282018
 

Mathematical models are increasingly being used to examine questions in infectious disease control. Applications include predicting the impact of vaccination strategies against common infections and determining optimal controlstrategies against HIV and pandemic influenza. This book introduces individuals interested in infectiousdiseases to this exciting and expanding area. Themathematical level of the book is kept as simple aspossible, which makes the book accessible to those who havenot studied mathematics to university level. Understandingis further enhanced by models that can be accessed online, which will allow readers to explore the impact of differentfactors and control strategies, and further adapt anddevelop the models themselves. The book is based on successful courses developed by theauthors at the London School of Hygiene and TropicalMedicine. It will be of interest to epidemiologists, publichealth researchers, policy makers, veterinary scientists, medical statisticians and infectious disease researchers.
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Women’s Health and Biomechanics: Where Medicine and Engineering Meet

 Epidemiology  Comments Off on Women’s Health and Biomechanics: Where Medicine and Engineering Meet
Feb 222018
 

This book focuses on particular mental and physical aspects of women’s health, presenting topics concerning the pelvis and pelvic floor dysfunction and the breast during a woman’s life, such as rehabilitation for pelvic and breast disorders, and the benefits of biomechanical analysis in treating these conditions. With each chapter providing a brief survey of a major research area related to the theme, the book offers an integrated overview of topics such as the bio-psycho-social model of women’s health, pelvic floor evaluation in sports, the breast, pregnancy and delivery. It is a valuable resource for a wide range of readers, including researchers, graduates and professionals.
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Interventions in Pulmonary Medicine, 2nd Edition

 Epidemiology, Respiratory Medicine  Comments Off on Interventions in Pulmonary Medicine, 2nd Edition
Feb 212018
 
This new edition offers comprehensive coverage of all areas of interventional pulmonology, a minimally invasive endoscopic method for diagnosing and treating lung disorders. The text is divided into eight sections on the major areas of interventional pulmonology, including basic endoscopy, lung cancer staging, and interventional bronschoscopy in asthma and emphysema. Chapters then explore specific procedures and techniques, including medical thoracoscopy, flexible and rigid bronchoscopy, endobronchial ultrasound, and electromagnetical navigation with coverage of history, indications and contraindications, and up-to-date evidence-based reviews. In recent years there have been many advances in interventional pulmonology, the most significant relating to lung cancer early diagnosis and late-stage treatment. Two new chapters on lung cancer epidemiologic changes and personalized lung cancer treatment explore new methods for maximizing patient care for an increasingly prevalent disease. This inclusive volume concludes with a look towards the future of interventional pulmonology and experimental techniques currently being tested. Interventions in Pulmonary Medicine, Second Edition, is a must have for pulmonologists, endoscopists, pulmonary oncologists, ENT physicians, thoracic surgeons, anesthesiologists, and intensive care specialists and their teams.
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Applied Epidemiologic Principles and Concepts: Clinicians’ Guide to Study Design and Conduct, 2nd Edition

 Epidemiology  Comments Off on Applied Epidemiologic Principles and Concepts: Clinicians’ Guide to Study Design and Conduct, 2nd Edition
Feb 152018
 

 

This book provides practical knowledge to clinicians and biomedical researchers using biological and biochemical specimen/samples in order to understand health and disease processes at cellular, clinical, and population levels. Concepts and techniques provided will help researchers design and conduct studies, then translate data from bench to clinics in attempt to improve the health of patients and populations. This book presents the extreme complexity of epidemiologic research in a concise manner that will address the issue of confounders, thus allowing for more valid inferences and yielding results that are more reliable and accurate.
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