Explains how to read, interpret, and independently conduct umbrella reviews
Written by a multinational team of contributors who provide a multidisciplinary and multidimensional approach
First book to be devoted solely to umbrella reviews
This book is an ideal guide to umbrella reviews, overviews of reviews, and meta-epidemiologic studies for evidence synthesis. Research is conducted at different levels: primary research consists of original studies while secondary research comprises qualitative reviews, systematic reviews, and meta-analyses. Recently, a novel further level of research has been introduced, based on the analysis and pooling of reviews and meta-analysis. This book is the first to focus solely on this new type of research design, which permits a comprehensive and powerful synthesis of scientific evidence in medicine as well as in many other fields in order to inform decision-making. All aspects are covered, including review design and registration, the searching, abstracting, appraisal, and synthesis of evidence, the appraisal of moderators and confounders, and state of the art reporting. Case studies in a range of medical specialties are then presented. The hands-on approach of the book, written by a multinational team of experts, will enable the reader to interpret and independently conduct umbrella reviews.
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This reference resource represents the consensus opinion a team of international specialists on the diagnosis and treatment of infective endocarditis (IE), many of whom have been co-authors of American or European guidelines on the topic. It is therefore a useful tool for many practitioners: cardiologists and cardiac imagers, cardiac surgeons, echocardiographers, specialists of internal medicine, neurologists, and infectiologists.
Infective endocarditis (IE) is defined as an infection of the endocardial surface of the heart, which may include one or more heart valves, the mural endocardium, or a septal defect. Its intracardiac effects include severe valvular insufficiency, which may lead to intractable congestive heart failure and myocardial abscesses. If left untreated, IE is generally fatal. IE is a changing disease with new diagnostic techniques, new therapeutic strategies, more frequent elderly people and patients with prosthetic valves of intravenous drug users.
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Childhood acute leukemias are one of the main causes of death in children aged 1 to 14 years in some countries; and unfortunately, we have been unable to prevent it. Certainly, a good parcel of it is due to the poor understanding about its etiology. This book aims to describe the most important theories and hypothesis regarding childhood acute leukemia. Written by the most outstanding researchers in the field, this book intends to contribute to a greater understanding of the etiology of this disease. It goes beyond the simple and common analysis of risk factors, which hardly allows us to draw definite conclusions. By addressing the etiology of the disease, discussing from molecular biology until epidemiology and clinical manifestations, this book will guide present and future approaches, contributing for a better clinical management of leukemia in children. The knowledge regarding etiology is a crucial step for a better evaluation, prevention and treatment of a disease. Thus, this book finally intends to provide such knowledge, allowing physicians and practitioners to a better manage of childhood acute leukemias.
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Accessible and clinically relevant, A Clinician’s Guide to Statistics and Epidemiology in Mental Health describes statistical concepts in plain English with minimal mathematical content, making it perfect for the busy health professional. Using clear language in favour of complex terminology, limitations of statistical techniques are emphasized, as well as the importance of interpretation – as opposed to ‘number-crunching’ – in analysis. Uniquely for a text of this kind, there is extensive coverage of causation and the conceptual, philosophical and political factors involved, with forthright discussion of the pharmaceutical industry’s role in psychiatric research. By creating a greater understanding of the world of research, this book empowers health professionals to make their own judgments on which statistics to believe – and why.
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This book presents a replicable model of multidisciplinary teleconsultation, designed and set up by Global Health Telemedicine, that offers very significant health benefits in remote and rural areas of developing countries. The model is based on experiences gained in sub-Saharan Africa while training and cooperating with local health professionals within the DREAM program, managed by the Community of Sant’Egidio. This program has to date treated almost 300,000 patients across many countries and has provided health education and disease prevention training to tens of millions.
It originated in the context of the fight against AIDS but has been extended to encompass other pathologies and to exploit the capabilities of new telemedicine technologies that allow multispecialist teleconsultation (hence the acronym now represents “Disease Relief through Excellent and Advanced Means”). In addition to thorough description of the program, readers will find reflections and analysis on logistical, technical, sociological, and epidemiological issues. The book is divided into thematic chapters with easy-to-understand graphics. It will be a readily accessible source of information for professionals in international cooperation and global health students and professionals.
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Provides up-to-date, step-by-step guidance on treatment
Summarizes key points at the end of each chapter
Includes helpful diagrams and color photos
Pays special attention to the role of botulinum toxins
This book is designed to serve as a rapid reference on the diagnosis and treatment of hyperhidrosis that will meet the needs of plastic surgeons, dermatologists, and other practitioners. It offers up-to-date, step-by-step guidance on all the therapeutic options, with a special focus on the role of botulinum toxins and concise coverage of oral medications, surgical procedures, and iontophoresis. In addition, helpful information is provided on epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical features, classification, management of complications of hyperhidrosis, and psychological care. Important management strategies and maneuvers are also illustrated by means of color photos. The book will be an invaluable source of verified knowledge and clear advice for all clinicians responsible for the care of patients with hyperhidrosis.
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Combines coverage of both alcoholic and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
Includes the most up-to-date clinical information
Volume editors are senior investigators in the fields of alcoholic and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
Chapters written by experts in the field
From the Back Cover
This volume is the first text to concisely yet comprehensively cover developments for both alcoholic and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in an organized fashion. Aspects of these two diseases covered in the book include global epidemiology and risk factors, pathogenesis, animal models, hepatic and extra-hepatic malignancies, treatment models, and current and emerging therapies.
Written by experts in the field, Alcoholic and Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: Bench to Bedside is a valuable resource for gastroenterologists, pathologists, and hepatologists who treat patients with alcoholic and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.
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This engaging text provides a sociological perspective on health, illness, and health care. Serving as an introduction to medical sociology for undergraduate and graduate students, it also presents a summary of the field for medical sociologists and for public health scholars and practitioners. A highlight of the text is its emphasis on the social roots of health and disease and on the impact of social inequality on health disparities and the quality of health care. The book also critically examines health care in the United States and around the world and evaluates the achievements and limitations of the Affordable Care Act (Obamacare) and other recent health care reform efforts.
Pedagogical aids including chapter-opening Learning Questions and Health and Illness in the News vignettes and chapter-ending Summary and Key Terms sections. Most chapters also end with a Giving It Some Thought vignette in which students are presented with a hypothetical situation involving a health and society issue and asked to reflect on how they would respond in the situation.
This text is accompanied by an ancillary package designed to enhance the learning experience of both instructors and students
Pedagogical aids include:
Learning Questions and Health and Illness in the News vignettes open each chapter.
Summary and Key Terms sections help students review each chapter’s key concepts.
Giving It Some Thought vignettes present students with hypothetical situations involving health and society issues.
About the Author
Steven E. Barkan is professor of sociology at the University of Maine, where he teaches Health, Illness, and Society as well as a number of other courses. He is an award-winning textbook author, whose works include Criminology: A Sociological Understanding, Sixth Edition; Law and Society: An Introduction; Sociology: Understanding and Changing the Social World; Social Problems: Continuity and Change; and Discovering Society: Using MicroCase ExplorIt, Third Edition. Barkan is a past president of the Society for the Study of Social Problems and currently the president of the Textbook & Academic Authors Association.
The Handbook of Research on Healthcare Administration and Management is a pivotal reference source for the latest scholarly material on emerging strategies and methods for delivering optimal healthcare opportunities and solutions. Highlighting issues relating to decision making, process optimization, and technological applications, this book is ideally designed for policy makers, administrators, students, professionals, and researchers interested in achieving superior healthcare solutions.