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Stimulation of the Peripheral Nervous System: The Neuromodulation Frontier

 Neurology/Neurosurgery  Comments Off on Stimulation of the Peripheral Nervous System: The Neuromodulation Frontier
Aug 172018
 

Among neuromodulation procedures, electrical stimulation of peripheral nerves (PNS) is probably the most underappreciated modality. Although PNS is used for all kinds of medical conditions, ranging from chronic neuropathic pain and headache to epilepsy, depression, hypertension and heart failure, its importance is frequently overshadowed by spinal cord stimulation and deep brain stimulation. While the earlier version of this book dealt exclusively with various pain syndromes, this new volume covers the entire spectrum of PNS applications. Written by recognized authorities in their respective fields, the chapters of this title describe the use of PNS in the management of neurological, psychiatric, otorhinolaryngological, cardiovascular, pulmonary, colorectal and genitourinary disorders. To reflect the complexity of the regulatory process, the book ends with a special chapter dedicated to the current state of approval of different PNS devices. This book will be of great value to all those who deal with neuromodulation, including clinicians who select PNS candidates, surgeons and other specialists who implant PNS devices, and researchers and engineers who work on making the stimulators safer and more effective.

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Handbook of Behavioral Health Disability Management

 Behavioral Sciences  Comments Off on Handbook of Behavioral Health Disability Management
Aug 172018
 

This authoritative handbook provides an up-to-date, interdisciplinary understanding of behavioral health issues and their management within disability systems. It examines today’s complex mismatches between providers, pinpointing related obstacles to relevant diagnosis, referrals, and care while making a solid case for better coordination and collaboration between primary care physicians and a wide range of disability and mental health specialists. Chapters review current findings on common job-related mental health and psychosocial issues, and guide readers through the tangle of insurance and legal concerns typically associated with disability cases. This elegant framework models more effective case management, leading to enhanced client satisfaction and functioning, and improved individual and system outcomes.

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The Oxford Handbook of Cultural Neuroscience

 Neurology/Neurosurgery  Comments Off on The Oxford Handbook of Cultural Neuroscience
Aug 172018
 


This Handbook examines disparities in public health by highlighting recent theoretical and methodological advances in cultural neuroscience. It traces the interactions of cultural, biological, and environmental factors that create adverse physical and mental health conditions among populations, and investigates how the policies of cultural and governmental institutions influence such outcomes. In addition to providing an overview of the current research, chapters demonstrate how a cultural neuroscience approach to the study of the mind, brain, and behavior can help stabilize the quality of health of societies at large. The volume will appeal especially to graduate students and professional scholars working in psychology and population genetics.

The Oxford Handbook of Cultural Neuroscience represents the first collection of scholarly contributions from the International Cultural Neuroscience Consortium (ICNC), an interdisciplinary group of scholars from epidemiology, anthropology, psychology, neuroscience, genetics, and psychiatry dedicated to advancing an understanding of culture and health using theory and methods from cultural neuroscience. The Handbook is intended to introduce future generations of scholars to foundations in cultural neuroscience, and to equip them to address the grand challenges in global mental health in the twenty-first century.

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Pediatric Dentistry: A Clinical Approach, 2nd edition

 Dentistry, Pediatrics  Comments Off on Pediatric Dentistry: A Clinical Approach, 2nd edition
Aug 172018
 

The second edition of Pediatric Dentistry: A Clinical Approach offers a fully revised and updated review of pediatric dentistry. This important text covers the full spectrum of the subject, basing itself in the clinical practice of the dental treatment of children and adolescents and providing a special emphasis on evidence–based oral health care for young people. Pediatric Dentistry provides comprehensive coverage of all aspects of treatment for children, ranging from health promotion and prevention to strategies for systematic and comprehensive oral care. Pediatric Dentistry: A Clinical Approach follows a logical approach, covering major dental and oral diseases and their diagnosis and management in children and adolescents, including caries, periodontal and endodontic conditions, and TMJ disorders. The book also discusses a number of dental and oral conditions that relate more directly to childhood, such as dental erosion, traumatic injuries to the teeth, pain control, and treatment of physically and mentally disabled children. Topics such as dental, physical, intellectual and emotional development are also thoroughly reviewed. Pediatric Dentistry will provide students of dentistry, as well as pediatric dentists and dentists involved in the treatment of young patients, with a uniquely clear, comprehensive, and clinical approach to the dental treatment of children and adolescents.
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The Neurological Emergence of Epilepsy: The National Hospital for the Paralysed and Epileptic (1870-1895)

 Neurology/Neurosurgery  Comments Off on The Neurological Emergence of Epilepsy: The National Hospital for the Paralysed and Epileptic (1870-1895)
Aug 172018
 

This book explores the emergence of epilepsy as a purely neurological disorder, in the second half of the nineteenth century. It focuses on the world’s first neurological hospital, the National Hospital for the Paralysed and Epileptic in London, and on its leading figure, John Hughlings Jackson (1835-1911). Through an analysis of the National Hospital’s medical records and a historical account of the course of epilepsy until our time, this book presents the nineteenth-century turn towards the scientific study of the human brain and the various political, social, ideological and epistemological implications of this major change. In spite of the recent trend of describing the history of mental illness, mental patients and psychiatric institutions, so far, neurology, epilepsy and epileptic patients have largely remained outside the scope of social historians, historians of medicine and social scientists. This book has the ambition to fill that gap. ​

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Vitrification in Assisted Reproduction: A User’s Manual

 Reproductive Health  Comments Off on Vitrification in Assisted Reproduction: A User’s Manual
Aug 172018
 

Advances in technology now offer promising solutions to deal with the chronological aging of the cell, tissue or organ to synchronize its existence and its use. This book covers the developments in and benefits of the latest vitrification technology and its extensive applications in reproductive medicine. Protocols of gametes (oocyte and sperm), embryos, blastocysts and ovarian tissue cryopreservation have been reviewed by leaders in the field. In order to address the escalation in cross-border reproductive tourism entailing the transfer of reproductive cells and tissues rather than the patient, the challenges, caution and emerging possibilities of nitrogen vapor shipment of vitrified cells have been discussed. Current perspectives on oocyte banking present the reader with options and solutions to effectively utilize these gametes despite the physiological deterrants.The versatile applications and potential of vitrification of human embryonic stem cells, discussed in the concluding chapter, is an exciting reality offered by vitrification to help overcome numerous stumbling blocks in the management of various disorders.
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Women’s Health Research : Inclusion Issues, Data, and Strategies

 Uncategorized  Comments Off on Women’s Health Research : Inclusion Issues, Data, and Strategies
Aug 172018
 

Women make up over half the U.S. population, but historically have been underrepresented in clinical research supported by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and others. As a result, differences in the manifestation of certain diseases and reactions to treatment in women compared with men were not identified. For example, there have been instances of women having adverse effects that differed from those of men related to medications and other treatments. NIH’s Inclusion Policy established requirements governing women’s inclusion in its clinical research. This book examines women’s enrollment and NIH’s efforts to monitor this enrollment in NIH-funded clinical research; and NIH’s efforts to ensure that NIH-funded clinical trials are designed and conducted to analyze potential sex differences, when applicable.

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Psychotropic Medication for Children in Foster Care : Oversight and Guidance Issues

 Psychiatry  Comments Off on Psychotropic Medication for Children in Foster Care : Oversight and Guidance Issues
Aug 172018
 

Children in foster care are children that the state has removed from their homes and placed in another setting designed to provide round-the-clock care (e.g., foster family home, group home, child care institution). The large majority of children enter foster care because of neglect or abuse at the hands of their parents. Maltreatment by a caregiver is often traumatic for children, and may lead to children having challenges regulating their emotions and interpreting cues and communication from others, among other problem behaviors. Children in foster care are more likely to have mental health care needs than children generally. Children in foster care who have mental health needs may receive psychosocial services such as individual or group counseling and case management to improve their health. Alternatively, or in addition, a medical professional may prescribe psychotropic medications. These are prescribed drugs that affect the brain chemicals related to mood and behavior. They are used to treat a variety of mental health conditions including attention disorders, depression, anxiety, conduct disorders, and others. While psychotropic medication alone is not necessarily advised, children in foster care may more readily receive psychotropics to treat their mental health needs due to the complexity of their symptoms and the lack of appropriate screening and assessment and/or the limited availability of health care professionals trained to provide effective therapies (e.g., cognitive behavioral therapy). This book discusses psychotropic medication for children in foster care. It also provides additional federal guidance which could help states better plan for oversight of psychotropic medications administered by managed-care organizations.

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Superoxide Dismutase (SOD) : Sources, Therapeutic Uses and Health Benefits

 Miscellaneous  Comments Off on Superoxide Dismutase (SOD) : Sources, Therapeutic Uses and Health Benefits
Aug 172018
 

Superoxide dismutase (SOD) is an antioxidant enzyme that scavenges superoxide radicals, and are found in all living cells. SODs have been studied as a therapeutic tool for very diverse pathological situations for more than 30 years and, in many animal models and a few clinical trials, their use has shown positive outcomes. In this book, Chapter One begins with an overview of the association between manganese superoxide dismutase and cardiovascular disease. Chapter Two examines the indispensable roles of superoxide dismutation in mammalian erythrocytes. Chapter Three discusses the structure, catalysis and therapeutic uses of the Fe/Mn SOD family. Chapter Four reviews several strategies of nanomedicines development that have been used to prolong the circulation time and improve the therapeutic action of SODs. Chapter Five studies the emerging role of SOD3 in controlling skin inflammation and immune responses.

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Meningiomas : Risk Factors, Treatment Options and Outcomes

 Ophthalmology  Comments Off on Meningiomas : Risk Factors, Treatment Options and Outcomes
Aug 172018
 

Meningiomas are highly vascularized, extra-axial central nervous system (CNS) tumors that derive blood supply from both extracranial and intracranial circulations. This book reviews risk factors, treatment options and outcomes of meningiomas. Chapter One discusses the pathology and clinical characteristics of meningiomas. Chapter Two reviews and discusses recent risk factors of meningioma development. Chapter Three provides an updated analysis of the current practice of meningioma embolization in the 21st century, as it pertains to practicing clinicians. Chapter Four reviews the current evidence for use of laser interstitial thermal therapy (LITT) in the management of cranial meningiomas, discusses technical issues, and explains the indications for use of LITT in the treatment of meningioma. The remaining chapters discuss how to select elderly patients for meningioma surgery, different treatment options, and clinical factors contributing to optimal surgical outcome for the elderly.

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