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Selected Topics in Clinical Oncology: An in-depth Study of 18 Cancers Usually Neglected in Classical Textbooks

 Oncology  Comments Off on Selected Topics in Clinical Oncology: An in-depth Study of 18 Cancers Usually Neglected in Classical Textbooks
Jan 142019
 

By Prof.Dr.A.T.Van Oosterom Head of the Department of Oncology at the Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium The word cancer defines over 180 different diseases. Some occurring quite often and are well known, others are very rare and sometimes so unknown that the diagnosis is not even suspected at operation. In this book, Dr.Debois, a retired radiation oncologist, describes a selected group of cancer types, some of which are difficult to find in the standard textbooks, in a logical format starting with their bibliography, history, incidence, anatomy, clinical presentation, diagnosis and staging, treatment and follow-up. For the general oncologist in the community it gives the appropriate data to understand the described diseases and to familiarize him with the peculiar patient he has identified. The many tables and figures in every chapter contain an enormous amount of data difficult to collect without extensive searches. The mix of historical and new (genetic) data makes reading attractive. In my opinion this book will find his place in the library of every oncologist who wants to know more about the rarer tumors he or she encounters. We know a lot about the common tumors but too little about the diseases described here.
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Advances in Abdominal Surgery

 Surgery  Comments Off on Advances in Abdominal Surgery
Jan 142019
 

General surgery consists ofa main corpus of propaedeutic elements and clinical problems, which has been modified over the years by the separate development of numerous sub-specialistic branches. Although a common basis on the physiopathology of surgical trauma and post­ operative complications persists, as a result of general knowledge of surgical diseases, there is no doubt that in the spheres of doctrine and application, both research and clinical medicine have distinguished themselves autonomously in many surgical fields (orthopedics, neurosurgery, cardiovascular surgery, thoracic surgery, urology, etc.). It is therefore difficult to define the present configuration ofgeneral surgery, but without question abdominal surgery occupies a position of pre-eminent importance within the general framework. We are dealing, in fact, with pathological pictures which occur in a section ofthe body ofvast proportions, in which structures, organs, and morphologically complex spaces are arranged to carry out important functions. They are, therefore, subject to considerably complex pathological alterations, such as to establish an interesting field of diagnostic discussion and an exciting training-ground for surgical activity. It can be affirmed that the diagnosis and cures ofabdominal surgical diseases constitute a test ofthe surgeon’s experience. Diagnosis is often entrusted to a differential process, the results ofwhich may be confirmed today by complementary diagnostics. This, however, must be guided by predominating clinical considerations, the exaggerated use of diagnostic techniques, detached from clinical examination, being the cause of very serious errors, which can mislead decision making and human contact, which is the basis ofcorrect medical practice.
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History of Ophthalmology: Sub auspiciis Academiae Ophthalmologicae Internationalis

 Ophthalmology  Comments Off on History of Ophthalmology: Sub auspiciis Academiae Ophthalmologicae Internationalis
Jan 142019
 

`I do recommend not only this volume but earlier and future volumes as well.’Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica (1996)
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Asian American Mental Health: Assessment Theories and Methods

 Psychiatry  Comments Off on Asian American Mental Health: Assessment Theories and Methods
Jan 132019
 

Asian American Mental Health is a state-of-the-art compendium of the conceptual issues, empirical literature, methodological approaches, and practice guidelines for conducting culturally informed assessments of Asian Americans, and for assessing provider cultural competency within individuals and systems. It is the first of its kind on Asian Americans. This volume draws upon the expertise of many of the leading experts in Asian American and multicultural mental health to provide a much needed resource for students and professionals in a wide range of disciplines including clinical psychology, medical anthropology, psychiatry, cross-cultural psychology, multicultural counseling, ethnic minority psychology, sociology, social work, counselor education, counseling psychology, and more.
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Dopaminergic Neuron Transplantation in the Weaver Mouse Model of Parkinson’s Disease

 Neurology/Neurosurgery  Comments Off on Dopaminergic Neuron Transplantation in the Weaver Mouse Model of Parkinson’s Disease
Jan 132019
 

This book is the culmination of fifteen years of research on the transplantation of dopaminergic neurons in the striatum of the weaver mouse (wv/wv), a neurological mutant characterized by genetically-determined degeneration of midbrain dopamine neurons. This mutant constitutes the only available laboratory model with a chronic disorder that mimics Parkinson’s disease. Structural and functional aspects of intrastriatal mesencephalic neuron grafting into the weaver model are reviewed, including histochemical correlates of graft survival and integration, numerical aspects of donor cell survival, ultrastructural findings on synaptogenesis, neurochemical indices of dopamine uptake and receptor binding, gene expression of structural and neurotransmitter-receptor related molecules, levels of striatal amino acid receptors, and behavioural effects of unilateral and bilateral neuronal transplantations.
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Progress in Basic and Clinical Immunology

 Immunology  Comments Off on Progress in Basic and Clinical Immunology
Jan 132019
 

Progress in Basic and Clinical Immunology is a result of the 14th European Immunology Meeting – EFIS 2000, held in Poznan, Poland, on 23-27 September 2000. EFIS 2000 gathered over 1400 immunologists from all over the world. It was an exceptionally memorable meeting for a number of reasons: 1) it was held in the last year of the century and the millennium, thus provoking conclusions of past achievements of immunology and projections for the future; 2) it was held in Poland, a country that is a symbol of struggle for freedom for a large number of scientists originating from the `Eastern Bloc’ countries; and 3) EFIS celebrated its 25th anniversary at this occasion. This comprehensive volume contains 62 chapters grouped into 11 sections: T-cells, Immune Receptors, Antigen Presentation/Dendritic Cells, Cytokines, Immunodeficiencies, Autoimmunity, Allergy/Inflammation, Immunotherapy, Vaccines, Tumor Immunology, and Cancer Immunotherapy.
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Helicobacter pylori Infection and Immunity

 Immunology  Comments Off on Helicobacter pylori Infection and Immunity
Jan 132019
 

The discovery and concept that Helicobacter pylori is associated with gastric disease including gastric cancer which is one of the most common and frequently lethal forms of malignancy, heralded a new and rapidly expanding field recognizing the emergence of many new pathogens and disease syndromes in clinical medicine, as well as basic infectious disease research. There is now an extensive and widely known literature of how H. pylori is involved in a wide variety of disease syn­ dromes. As summarized in the introductory chapter of this volume, many major advances have been made in diagnosis, both serologic and endoscopic in time of the involvement of this organism in patients with upper GI ailments as well as its presence in those who are not clinically ill. The Introduction describes the rapid development of understanding the role of this organism in disease. The basic bacteriology of H. pylori is then described in the second chapter. Diagnostic tests for detecting H. pylori infection is then highlighted, as well as the role of such infection in gastric cancer. Current knowledge concerning risk factors and peptic ulcer pathology associated with H. pylori is then described. Newer information concerning therapy of H. pylori infection and colonization is described in a subsequent chapter as well as one concerning the effects of anti­ biotics on H. pylori infection. The extensive literature on natural substances with anti-H.
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Cardiovascular Genomics: New Pathophysiological Concepts: Proceedings of the 2001 European Science Foundation Workshop in Maast

 Cardiovascular  Comments Off on Cardiovascular Genomics: New Pathophysiological Concepts: Proceedings of the 2001 European Science Foundation Workshop in Maast
Jan 132019
 

Four years ago-in December 1997-the first European Science Foundation Workshop on Cardiovascular Specific Gene Expression was held in Maastricht. It was hardly possible to imagine the progress in the field in those four years. In 1997, gene expression was still an art focused on individual genes; in 200 I, many labs have access to micro-array facilities to determine the expression of thousands of genes simultaneously. In 1997, gene expression was an area of fundamental research in basis molecular biology laboratories; in 200 I, clinical cardiovascular research has incorporated gene expression approaches. In 1997, the interpretation of a gene expression experiment was usually straightforward; in 200 I, advanced bioinformatics tools are needed to approach the extreme complexities of genetic control of cell and tissue function. The second symposium in this series is focused on Cardiovascular Genomics. New Pathophysiological Concepts. The organizing committee chose to invite a group of renown scientists and young investigators around four topics of eminent importance in cardiovascular research. These topics reflect the major present-day clinical cardiovascular problems: atherosclerosis, hypertension, arrhythmias and heart failure. In addition to these four disease-driven topics, the workshop has sessions on gene expression methodologies and cellular transplant approaches to cardiovascular disease.
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The Neurobiology of Criminal Behavior

 Neurology/Neurosurgery  Comments Off on The Neurobiology of Criminal Behavior
Jan 132019
 

Criminological theory dating back one hundred years has been aware of the need to develop a neurobiology of extroversion, impulsivity, frontal-lobe dysfunction, and aggressive behavior, yet in the twentieth century criminologists have largely forsaken this psychobiological legacy.The Neurobiology of Criminal Behavior looks at this legacy with reference to a variety of neurobiological methodologies currently in vogue. The authors are all distinguished researchers who have contributed considerably to their respective fields of psychiatry, psychology, psychobiology, and neuroscience.
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Developmental Phonological Disorders: Foundations of Clinical Practice, Second Edition

 Miscellaneous  Comments Off on Developmental Phonological Disorders: Foundations of Clinical Practice, Second Edition
Jan 132019
 

Developmental Phonological Disorders: Foundations of Clinical Practice, Second Edition, is the only graduate-level textbook designed for a competency-based approach to teaching, learning, and assessment. The book provides a deep review of the knowledge base necessary for the competent assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of developmental phonological disorders. Thoroughly revised and updated, the textbook contains learning objectives in each chapter to further support understanding of concepts and carefully designed case studies and demonstrations to promote application to clinical problem solving.

Key Features:

Learning objectives for each chapter subsection.
Includes the how, why and when to apply each assessment and treatment procedure in clinical practice.
62 tables containing clinically relevant information such as normative data to interpret phonological assessment results.
99 figures to support clinical decision making such as recommending a treatment delivery model, selecting treatment targets or choosing evidence based interventions.
35 case studies to support a competency-based approach to teaching and assessment.
35 demonstrations that show how to implement assessment and treatment procedures.

The Second Edition provides a comprehensive overview of seminal studies and leading-edge research on both phonological development and phonological disorders, including motor speech disorders and emergent literacy. This wealth of theoretical background is integrated with detailed descriptions and demonstrations of clinical practice, allowing the speech-language pathologist to design interventions that are adapted to the unique needs of each child while being consistent with the best research evidence. New to the Second Edition:
Updated and expanded section on Childhood Apraxia of Speech.
Updated and expanded sections on the identification and treatment of inconsistent phonological disorder.
Administration and interpretation of the Syllable Repetition Task added.
Administration and interpretation of the Diagnostic Evaluation of Articulation and Phonology added with case studies and demonstrations.
New organization, formatting, and editing to reduce the size of the book.
Case Studies were revised to a single page format.
Improved Table of Contents to ease access to content including norms tables, case studies, and demonstrations.

Review
“…this is an exceptionally useful addition to the body of knowledge regarding articulation and phonology. Rvachew and Brosseau-Lapre present perhaps the most solidly research-based text available and supplement their comprehensive overview of the research literature with practical information that can be easily incorporated into masters and doctoral level education. The practical information will be valuable to practicing clinicians who turn to the text for up-to-date research and application information.” –Lissa Power-deFur, Ph.D., CCC-SLP, ASHA-F, Professor, Communication Sciences and Disorders Director, Longwood s Speech, Hearing, and Learning Services, Longwood University

About the Author
Susan Rvachew, PhD, S-LP(C), worked as a speech-language pathologist in pediatric health care settings for 20 years before taking a position at McGill University, where she is currently an Associate Professor in the School of Communication Sciences and Disorders. Her research is focused on phonological development and disorders and the development of more effective interventions to treat phonological disorders in children and prevent reading disability in this population. She has published over 50 journal articles and book chapters describing the speech perception, speech production, and/or phonological awareness skills of infants, children, and adults.

Françoise Brosseau-Lapré, MSc(A), SLP©, has worked as a speech-language pathologist in pediatric health care settings since obtaining a master’s degree in speech-language pathology in 2002 from McGill University. She is currently a doctoral candidate at the School of Communication Sciences and Disorders at McGill University. Her research focuses on French phonological development and disorders, as well as efficacy of interventions aimed at improving the phonological skills of preschool francophone children with developmental phonological disorders

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