Modeling to Inform Infectious Disease Control

 Infectious Diseases  Comments Off on Modeling to Inform Infectious Disease Control
Mar 242019

Effectively Assess Intervention Options for Controlling Infectious Diseases Our experiences with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), and Ebola virus disease (EVD) remind us of the continuing need to be vigilant against the emergence of new infectious diseases. Mathematical modeling is increasingly used in the management of infectious disease control as a way to assess interventions relatively quickly, cheaply, and safely. Modeling to Inform Infectious Disease Control shows readers how to take advantage of these models when developing strategies to mitigate infectious disease transmission. The book presents a way of modeling as well as modeling results that help to guide the effective management of infectious disease transmission and outbreak response. It discusses the requirements for preventing epidemics and ways to quantify the impact of preventative public health interventions on the size and dynamics of an epidemic. The book also illustrates how data are used to inform model choice. Accessible to readers with diverse backgrounds, this book explains how to gain insight into the management of infectious diseases through statistical modeling. With end-of-chapter exercises and glossaries of infectious disease terminology and notation, the text is suitable for a graduate-level public health course. Supplementary technical material is provided at the end of each chapter for readers with a stronger background in mathematics and an interest in the art of modeling. In addition, bibliographic notes point readers to literature in which extensions and more general results can be found.





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Nanotoxicology: Progress toward Nanomedicine, Second Edition

 Toxicology  Comments Off on Nanotoxicology: Progress toward Nanomedicine, Second Edition
Mar 242019

Since the first publication of this book in 2007, the field of nanoscience and nanomedicine continues to grow substantially. This second edition, Nanotoxicology: Progress toward Nanomedicine, enlists internationally recognized experts to document the continuing development and rationale for the safe design of engineered nanomaterials (ENM). This includes new improved characterization endpoints, screening, and detection methods for in vitro and in vivo toxicity testing. These tools also contribute greatly to nanosafety research applied to nanomedicines.
Topics include
• The impacts of nanotechnology on biomedicine, including functionalization for tissue-specific targeting, the biointeractions of multifunctional nanoparticle-based therapy, and the ability to control specific physicochemical properties of nanoparticles
• The requirements for proper detection, measurement, and assessment both for workplace exposure and in consumer products—with a focus on potential health and safety implications
• Predictive modeling, using quantitative nanostructure activity relationships to predict the pharmacokinetics and biodistribution of nanomaterials in the body
• Specific methodologies, imaging, and techniques to assess nanomaterials from the manufacturing process to nanomedicine applications
• Tools for assessing nanoparticle toxicity and the limitations of detection methods for assessing toxicity in both in vivo and in vitro systems and at the single cell and tissue levels
• Toxicity of nanomaterials to specific organ systems, cell–based targeting to tumors, and other biomedical applications
• The difficulty of conducting risk assessments and the need for addressing knowledge gaps, especially with long-term studies
• A roadmap for future research
The development of nanotechnology-based products must be complemented with appropriate validated methods to assess, monitor, manage, and reduce the potential risks of ENM to human health and the environment. This volume provides a cogent survey of advances in this area by a well-respected and diverse group of international scientists.





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Cancer and Society: A Multidisciplinary Assessment and Strategies for Action

 Oncology  Comments Off on Cancer and Society: A Multidisciplinary Assessment and Strategies for Action
Mar 242019

While a number of books have looked at the intersection between human health in general and other topics, such as climate change or diet, this book focuses specifically on cancer as it impacts and is impacted by social justice issues. The massive explosion of research knowledge of cancer immunology and genomics is holding out great promise of therapeutic advances, yet other human actions―climate change, pollution, business decisions, advertising – are fostering health inequalities as well as increasing risks. Those involved in cancer care and research are in a unique position to let their experiences and knowledge inform the public, yet very often have not taken strong public roles when it comes to discussing issues surrounding tobacco, climate change and health risks, financial toxicity of treatments, and diet choices.

Written by a multidisciplinary team of authors and for medical oncologists, cancer researchers, occupational health workers, and related medical students, residents, and fellows, this book encourages oncologists to address public health care and the societal issues associated with cancer risk. This volume discusses the overarching theme of environmental justice and oncology, focuses on business and cancer (such as clinical trials, drug development and profits, and global disparities), as well as animals and cancer.







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From Basic to Clinical Immunology

 Immunology  Comments Off on From Basic to Clinical Immunology
Mar 242019

This book fills a gap at the interface of fundamental and clinical immunology, and allergy. For many years, experts in fundamental immunology and physicians involved in clinical immunology and allergy worked separately – but the fundamental immunologists did not have medical qualifications and the physicians were not involved in the field of fundamental research. Written by a teacher and an expert in both fields, this book combines current knowledge on basic immunology and immunopathology with clinical comments that complete the whole picture.

Immunology is a complex science, which requires a simplified approach in order to be taught and understood effectively. This book is based on the authors’ long experience in teaching undergraduate, postgraduate students and interns both basic and clinical immunology.

Reviewing a variety of important components related to the immune system, it is clearly and logically structured, and enriched by figures, tables and boxes with important immunology definitions. Each chapter has its own bibliography, and most units include links to electronic quizzes and audio files to accompany readers step by step. This easy-to-follow volume concludes with suggestions for future study. It is a valuable resource for undergraduate and postgraduate students, as well as medical practitioners.







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Mindmaps in Ophthalmology

 Ophthalmology  Comments Off on Mindmaps in Ophthalmology
Mar 242019

Ophthalmology is a highly specialized field with complex conditions and a wide range of practitioners. They would all benefit from a tool that summarizes the topics with a logical pictorial structure that aids in memory retention. This text provides an overview of clinical ophthalmology using the visually driven “mindmaps” format.
Each page in Mindmaps in Ophthalmology summarizes a topic with a series of flow chart diagrams. Topics include:
• Parts of the eye, including the cornea and retina
• Common eye diseases such as glaucoma and cataracts
• Inflammatory eye disease
• Trauma to the eye
• Pediatric ophthalmology
• Oncology
With Mindmaps in Ophthalmology, clinicians can obtain information quickly, following pathways in each subsection of a topic. They are able to select the levels at which the mindmap divisions remain relevant to them, while still maintaining an overall picture that is often lost in textbooks or atlases. The practitioner is always able to put history, examination, diagnosis, and treatment in context. Suitable for medical students, ophthalmology trainees, orthoptists, optometrists, general practitioners and other health professionals, this rapid revision tool is an ideal companion when used in conjunction with a textbook for further elaboration on topics.





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Fast Facts About Substance Use Disorders: What Every Nurse, APRN, and PA Needs to Know

 Nursing  Comments Off on Fast Facts About Substance Use Disorders: What Every Nurse, APRN, and PA Needs to Know
Mar 242019

by Brenda Marshall EdD PMHNP-BC ANEF (Author), Jack Spencer (Author)

The only current resource for APPs caring for people with SUDs in clear, concise format

This greatly needed resource is the first to provide evidence-based information and strategies for APRNs and PAs who work with individuals with substance use disorders (SUDs). Written in a concise, bulleted style for easy access to critical information, the reference addresses often-undiagnosed medical and psychiatric conditions which may accompany SUDs and the ethical considerations of working with affected patients and families.

Written by noted substance abuse experts, the resource distills key information about SUDs, explaining what they are and what they are not, and the role of APPs in helping afflicted individuals to recover. It discusses how to identify SUDs regarding signs and symptoms, emergency response, and specific disorders. Also addressed is the use of pharmacology to treat SUDs including complementary and alternative medications, person-centered care for individuals with SUDs across the lifespan, and how to care for afflicted individuals in a variety of settings.

Key Features:

Distills current, evidence-based information in a concise, bulleted, pocket-sized format
Organized for quick access to information
Delivers proven strategies for successful nursing interventions
Defines substance abuse disorders across the lifespan
Discusses how to de-stigmatize people with substance abuse disorders
Explores legal and ethical implications surrounding provision of health care to patients with SUDs

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Policy and Politics for Nurses and Other Health Professionals: Advocacy and Action, Third Edition

 Nursing  Comments Off on Policy and Politics for Nurses and Other Health Professionals: Advocacy and Action, Third Edition
Mar 242019

by Donna M. Nickitas (Author), Donna J. Middaugh (Author), Veronica Feeg (Author)

Policy and Politics for Nurses and Other Health Professionals: Advocacy and Action, Third Edition reflects a well-honed vision of what nursing and health professionals need to know to both understand and influence health policy. Through their focus on relevant issues, the authors discuss how healthcare professionals can prepare themselves to engage in the economic, political, and policy dimensions of health care.

The Third Edition focuses on the most relevant health policy issues while taking an interdisciplinary approach to create an understanding of healthcare practice and policy across interprofessional teams. In addition, global and population health issues such as war, terrorism, disease and natural disasters that impact health professionals are also covered in detail.

New to the Third Edition:
• Case studies which close the gap in understanding how policy and politics impacts health systems
• Updated content on the Affordable Care Act
• Enhanced Primary Care Roles (new chapter)
• Health Information Technology and the Intersection of Health Policy (new chapter)
• Political Power of Nurses: Harnessing Our Values & Voices (new chapter)

About the Author
Dean and Professor, Rutgers University School of Nursing, Camden, New Jersey, Editor, Nursing Economic$, The Journal for Health Care Leaders, Pitman, New Jersey





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Physics for Diagnostic Radiology, Third Edition

 Radiology  Comments Off on Physics for Diagnostic Radiology, Third Edition
Mar 242019

With every chapter revised and updated, Physics for Diagnostic Radiology, Third Edition continues to emphasise the importance of physics education as a critical component of radiology training. This bestselling text helps readers understand how various imaging techniques work, from planar analogue and digital radiology to computed tomography (CT), nuclear medicine, and positron emission tomography (PET) to ultrasound imaging and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
New to the Third Edition
• Material on digital receptors
• Emphasis on the differences between analogue and digital images
• Coverage of multi-slice CT and three-dimensional resolution, dual energy applications, and cone beam CT
• Special radiographic techniques, including subtraction techniques and interventional radiology
• New chapter on PET, with discussion of multi-modality imaging (PET/CT)
• Additional material on radiation doses and risks to patients
• New chapter covering picture archiving and communication system (PACS), teleradiology, networks, archiving, and related factors
• A summary of the main teaching points at the beginning of each chapter
After an introductory chapter on basic physics, the book follows the x-ray imaging process: production of x-rays, interaction with the patient, radiation measurement, the image receptor, the radiological image, and image quality assessment. It then covers more advanced x-ray techniques as well as imaging with radioactive materials. The text also focuses on radiobiology, risk and radiation protection, and imaging with non-ionising radiation. The final chapter discusses data handling in a modern, electronic radiology department.





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Clinical Anatomy: Applied Anatomy for Students and Junior Doctors, Fourteenth Edition

 Anatomy  Comments Off on Clinical Anatomy: Applied Anatomy for Students and Junior Doctors, Fourteenth Edition
Mar 242019

by Harold Ellis (Author), Vishy Mahadevan (Author)

Now in its fourteenth edition, Clinical Anatomy is the definitive text offering medical students, postgraduate trainees and junior doctors the anatomical information they need to succeed in a clinical setting.

Professor Harold Ellis and Professor Vishy Mahadevan provide an accessible, comprehensive, and detailed exploration of anatomy, specifically designed for students and trainees at all levels. Revised and updated, the fourteenth edition contains more information about the nervous system as well as medical images, diagrams and photographs that are overlaid with anatomical illustrations, revealing detailed surface anatomy. This edition:

Puts greater emphasis on clinical relevance and contains more content for non-surgical trainees
Offers a variety of illustrative clinical scenario case studies
Contains many more medical images and diagrams such as CT and MRI
Presents expanded information on the nervous system
Includes a companion website that contains digital flashcards of all the illustrations and photographs presented in the book
Written for medical students, junior doctors, and those studying for The Royal College of Surgeons examinations, the new edition of Clinical Anatomy continues to be an essential resource for understanding the basics of clinical anatomy


HAROLD ELLIS, Clinical Anatomist, King’s College London and Emeritus Professor of Surgery

VISHY MAHADEVAN, Professor of Surgical Anatomy, Royal College of Surgeons of England





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Innovative Implantation Technique: Bag-in-the-Lens Cataract Surgery

 Surgery  Comments Off on Innovative Implantation Technique: Bag-in-the-Lens Cataract Surgery
Mar 232019

This book provides a complete overview of the bag-in-the-lens implantation technique written by the pioneering force herself. The technique first developed for the adults and later for paediatrics has had overwhelmingly positive outcomes in reduction of posterior capsular opacification and stability. Nowadays, it is used as a primary approach in all patients with cataract. The initial version of the bag-in-the-lens implant is a monofocal spherical hydrophilic intraocular lens comprised of a 5mm bi-convex optic with two elliptical plane haptics. Bag-in-the-Lens Cataract Surgery guides through the steps required to achieve successful implantation in a concise and highly illustrated format to portray how to effectively perform this surgery. The toric version was launched in 2009 and the diffractive version is on its way.

New and experienced ophthalmic surgeons will find this guide to be an indispensable resource for utilizing this technique to successfully treat adult and paediatric cataract patients in their daily clinical practice.







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